|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Belgium; north of France|
|Criteria||Cultural: (ii), (iv)|
|Inscription||1999 (23rd session)|
The Belfries of Belgium and France are a group of 56 historical buildings designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, in recognition of the civic (rather than church) belfries serving as an architectural manifestation of emerging civic independence from feudal and religious influences in the former County of Flanders (present-day French Flanders area of France and Flanders region of Belgium) and neighbouring areas which once were possessions of the House of Burgundy (in present-day Wallonia of Belgium).
The World Heritage Site was originally called the Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia, a 1999 UNESCO list of 32 towers in those two regions of Belgium. In 2005, the list was expanded and given its current name, recognizing the addition of 23 belfries from the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy regions in the north-eastern tip of France, plus the belfry of Gembloux in Wallonia.
Despite the list being concerned with civic tower structures, it includes six Belgian church towers (note the "cathedral"s, "church"es and "basilica" in the list below) under the pretext that they had served as watchtowers or alarm bell towers.
Most of the structures in this list are towers projecting from larger buildings. However, a few are notably standalone, of which, a handful are rebuilt towers formerly connected to adjacent buildings. One notable omission may seem the tower of Brussels town hall, but this is not an actual belfry. The orginal belfry of Brussels was located next to Saint Nicholas church, and collapsed in 1714. As a side note, Brussels town hall is part of the Grand Place World Heritage Site.
ID numbers correspond to the order in the complete list ID 943/943bis from UNESCO, see External links.
|ID 943-004||Bruges||Hallentoren belfry and halls|
|ID 943-006||Diksmuide||City Hall and Belfry|
|ID 943-011||Kortrijk||Hallentoren Belfry|
|ID 943-014||Lo-Reninge (Lo)||Town Hall with Belfry (at present a hotel)|
|ID 943-017||Menen||City Hall and adjacent Belfry|
|ID 943-018||Nieuwpoort||Stadshalle grain hall (market hall) with Belfry|
|ID 943-020||Roeselare||City Hall, Stadshalle (market hall) and Belfry|
|ID 943-022||Tielt||Hallentoren belfry, Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber |
|ID 943-025||Veurne||Landhuis ("country-house", former seat of the Viscounty of Veurne-Ambacht) and Belfry |
|ID 943-010||Ypres||Cloth Hall with Belfry|
Belfry and town hall of Diksmuide
Belfry and old town hall of Lo-Reninge
Belfry and town hall of Menen
Belfry of Nieuwpoort
Belfry and city hall of Roeselare
Belfry of Tielt, town hall to right
Belfry behind old town hall of Veurne
|ID 943-001||Aalst||Schepenhuis, Aalst – Belfry and (former) City Hall|
|ID 943-005||Dendermonde||City Hall with Belfry|
|ID 943-007||Eeklo||City Hall with Belfry|
|ID 943-008||Ghent||Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker |
|ID 943-019||Oudenaarde||Town Hall with Belfry|
|ID 943-002||Antwerp||Cathedral of Our Lady|
|ID 943-003||Antwerp||City Hall |
|ID 943-009||Herentals||Former City Hall & Lakenhal (cloth hall)|
|ID 943-013||Lier||City Hall and Belfry tower|
|ID 943-016||Mechelen||St. Rumbolds Tower of the cathedral |
|ID 943-015||Mechelen||Old Cloth Hall with Belfry (now part of the modern City Hall complex)|
Belfry of Cathedral of Our Lady (Antwerp)
Belfry of Antwerp City Hall
Belfry of the old town hall of Herentals
Belfry and City Hall of Lier
|ID 943-012||Leuven||St. Peter's Church and tower|
|ID 943-023||Tienen||St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower)|
|ID 943-026||Zoutleeuw||St. Leonard's Church|
Belfry (unfinished) of St. Peter's Church, Leuven
Belfry of St. Germain Church, Tienen
Belfry of St. Leonard's Church, Zoutleeuw
|ID 943-021||Sint-Truiden||City Hall with Tower|
|ID 943-024||Tongeren||Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower)|
|ID 943-027||Binche||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-028||Charleroi||Belfry of the City Hall|
Belfry of Gembloux
Nord-Pas de Calais
|ID 943-033||Armentières||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-034||Bailleul||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-036||Cambrai||Belfry of the St. Martin's Church|
|ID 943-037||Comines||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-038||Douai||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-040||Dunkirk||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-039||Dunkirk||Belfry of Dunkirk(former church tower attached to Saint Eligius, in the 1700s transformed into a standalone municipal belfry)|
|ID 943-042||Lille||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-043||Loos||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-044||Aire-sur-la-Lys||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-045||Arras||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-047||Boulogne-sur-Mer||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-048||Calais||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-049||Hesdin||Belfry of the City Hall|
|ID 943-052||Doullens||Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, at present the tourist information center|
|ID 943-053||Lucheux||Belfry on the remaining City Gate|
- "Gand et Flandre : chroniques inédites, avec cartes, miniatures, monuments, armories, scels, et aultres choses historiques & tant curieuses". lib.ugent.be. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
- The belfry is known as Halletoren, because of an adjacent Cloth Hall that no longer exists; the tower is now free-standing.
- The belfry is known as Hallentoren or Tower of the Halls, plural: of the two adjacent wings or halls, only one remains, hence Cloth Hall, singular.
- The city centre's Landhuis (literally: 'country-house') was once the seat of the kasselrij or burggraafschap (viscounty) Veurne-Ambacht, serving the countryside; here as opposed to the adjacent Stadhuis (literally: 'city-house' though always meaning the City Hall) serving the city. The Landhuis later became the Court of Justice and recently a place for cultural purposes, e.g. exhibitions, dance acts, concerts, etc.
- Tallest belfry in Belgium. The name Mammelokker ('allurer of breasts' or 'breast sucker') for the guard house at the part of the Cloth Hall that once served as a prison, refers to the story of a prisoner.
- Quote from external link Detailed argumentation for list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website: "The Hôtel de Ville in Antwerpen (1564) is an excellent example of the transposition of Renaissance principles in the central risalith with superposed diminishing registers flanked by obelisks and scrollwork and finished with a pediment, reiterating the theme of the central belfry." – Hôtel de Ville is French for 'City Hall', Antwerpen is the native name of 'Antwerp' in Dutch.
- UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-016 Tour de Saint-Rombaut ; in native Dutch language this is Sint-Romboutstoren which is the main tower of the cathedral, once also used as a watchtower against fires.
- UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-015 Ancienne Halle avec Beffroi ; in native Dutch language this is Oude [or: Voormalige] Halle met Belfort. This 14th-century Cloth Hall with never to its designed height built Belfry – both hardly ever used for the intended purposes – with more recent adjacent buildings, constitute the present-day City Hall.
- UNESCO states: ID 943-040 Beffroi de l'Hôtel de Ville, ID 943-039 Beffroi de l'église Saint-Eloi – further reading from other source: (in French) Monuments in Dunkirk
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belfries of Belgium and France.|
- Brief description of the ensemble ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website
- Detailed argumentation for list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website
- The complete list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website (monuments ordered by UNESCO ID, which precedes the corresponding monument in this Wikipedia article's main list)
- Articles on the phenomenon of the belfries from the Flemish Department of Monuments and Landscapes
- The Belgian belfries on the UNESCO list ID 943 (without Gembloux) with photographs and slideshows – from the Flemish Department of Monuments and Landscapes
- (in French) The French belfries on the UNESCO list ID 943bis with photographs and descriptions; and a general article
- (in French) The French belfries on the UNESCO list ID 943bis with thumbnails, photographs and descriptions