|Battle of Alessandria|
|Part of Florentine-Milanese Wars|
Gian Galeazzo Visconti Lord of Milan
French mercenary army in Florentine pay
|Commanders and leaders|
|Jacopo dal Verme||Jean III of Armagnac †|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Alessandria or Battle of Castelazzo was a battle during the Florentine-Milanese Wars which was fought at Alessandria, Piedmont, Italy on 25 July 1391 between the mercenary army of Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan and that of the Jean III of Armagnac. It ended in victory for Milan.
Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, later the Duke of Milan, had ambitions to control the whole of northern Italy, but the city of Florence stood up against him and formed a defensive League which included Francis Novello da Carrara, Stephen III of Bavaria, and Jean III of Armagnac. In March 1390, they hired the English mercenary, John Hawkwood, and his private army to defend the town and requested help from Jean III.
Hawkwood prepared defensive earthworks and repulsed an attack by a Milanese army led by General Jacopo dal Verme. He then dug in at Pandino, some 10 miles south-east of Milan, in June 1391 to await the arrival of Jean III, who was crossing the Alps from France with his army. However, after being continually harassed by Dal Verme's troops, Hawkwood's men struck camp and retreated from the district.
Battle of Alessandria
After Jean III's force had arrived in Italy it was attacked on 25 July 1391 by the Milanese army at Alessandria and decisively beaten. Jean III himself was killed.
- Jaques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A-E.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rigg, James (1891). "Hawkwood, John de". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography. 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 236.