Balthasar, Landgrave of Thuringia
|Born||21 December 1336|
|Died||18 May 1406 (aged 69)|
Wartburg in Eisenach
|Noble family||House of Wettin|
|Spouse(s)||Margaret of Nuremberg|
Anna of Saxe-Wittenberg
|Father||Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen|
|Mother||Mathilde of Bavaria|
Balthasar was the second son of Frederick the Serious. After his father's death in 1349, his elder brother Frederick the Austere acted as regent and guardian for Balthasar and his brothers William I and Louis. After they came of age, William and Balthasar ruled jointly with Frederick.
After Frederick's death, a conflict arose between the brothers Balthasar and William on the one hand, and their nephews, Frederick the Warlike, William the rich and George on the other hand. This was resolved on November 1382, with the so-called Division of Chemnitz in which Balthasar received the Landgraviate of Thuringia.
Marriage and issue
Balthasar first married, in the spring of 1374, with Margaret, the daughter of Burgrave Albert of Nuremberg (d. 1390). With her, he had a son and a daughter:
- Frederick the Peaceable, who succeeded him as Landgrave of Thuringia
- Anna of Meissen (d. 4 July 1395), who married Rudolf III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg
- Heinrich Theodor Flathe (1875), "Balthasar", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 2, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 27