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बाहुन/खस ब्राह्मण/उपाध्याय ब्राह्मण
|3,226,903 (12.2% of Nepal's population) (2011, census)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Nepali (Khas Kura)|
|Hinduism (approx. all)|
|Related ethnic groups|
Kumaoni people, Garhwali people
Bahun (Nepali: बाहुन) or Khas Brahmin (Nepali: खस ब्राह्मण) is a caste (Varna) among Khas people and Indo-Aryan Plain Brahmin. whose origins are from Indo-Aryans of Nepal and . According to the 2011 Nepal census, Bahun is the second most populous group after Chhetri in Nepal.
Traditionally, Bahuns were members of the Khas community together with Chhetris (Khas Kshatriyas). Possibly due to political power of the Khasa Malla kingdom, Khas Bahun and Khas Rajput (Chhetris) had high social status as indigenous plain Brahmins and Rajputs in the present-day western Nepal. Bahuns, regarded as upper class Khas group together with Chhetri, were associated mostly with the Gorkha Kingdom.
Bahuns were divided into two clans on the basis of residency. The Bahun residents east of Mahakali river were known as Purbiya Bahun and west of the river were known as Kumai Bahun. Kumai or Kumain is a direct derivative of Kumaoni, meaning residents of Kumaon.
According to the 2011 Nepal census, Bahuns (referred as Hill-Brahmin) are the second most populous group after Chhetri with 12.2% of Nepal's population (or 32,26,903 people). Bahun are the second largest Hindu group with a population of 3,212,704 (99.6% of Bahuns). Bahuns are the largest group in 15 districts in Nepal: Jhapa, Morang, Kathmandu, Chitwan, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kaski, Syangja, Parbat, Gulmi and Arghakhanchi. Among these, Bahuns in Parbat (35.7%), Arghakhanchi (32.8%), Syangja (30.9%), Chitwan (28.6%), Kaski (27.8%) and Gulmi (25.2%) consist more than 25% of the district population. Kathmandu has largest Bahun population with 410,126 people (23.5%).
Bahuns have the highest civil service representation with 39.2% of Nepal's bureaucracy while having only 12.1% of Nepal's total population. The civil service representation to population ratio is 3.2 times for Bahuns which is fourth in Nepal. Chhetris represent 5.6 times in civil services to their percentage of population, which is the highest in Nepal. As per the Public Service Commission, Brahmins (33.3%) and Chhetris (20.01%) were two largest caste group to obtain governmental jobs in F.Y. 2017-18 even though 45% governmental seats are reserved for women, Madhesis, other caste and tribes, people with disability and those from the backward regions. Similarly, in the fiscal 2018–19, Bahuns (34.87%) and Chhetris (19.63%) maintained 55% of their proportion in civil service as per Public Service Commission.
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