|Directed by||A. C. Tirulokchandar|
|Produced by||A. Ramanujam|
K. N. Subramanian
|Screenplay by||A. C. Tirulokchandar|
|Story by||G. Balasubramaniam|
|Music by||M. S. Viswanathan|
|Cinematography||M. Viswanatha Rai|
|Edited by||B. Kandhasamy|
Avandhan Manidhan (transl. He is a true man) is a 1975 Indian Tamil-language drama film, co-written and directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar from a story by G. Balasubramaniam. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Muthuraman, Jayalalithaa and Manjula. It revolves around an extremely generous man who refuses to budge from his nature, even as it leads to his downfall.
After Balasubramaniam wrote the story exclusively for Ganesan, director K. Shankar and producer Noor were attached. Ganesan however refused, and the story was later filmed in Kannada as Kasturi Nivasa (1971). After that film's success, Ganesan agreed to act in a potential Tamil remake, which became Avandhan Manidhan, his 175th film as an actor. The new film was directed by Tirulokchandar, produced by A. Ramanujam and K. N. Subramanian, photographed by M. Viswanatha Rai and edited by B. Kandhasamy.
Avandhan Manidhan was released on 11 April 1975. The film became a commercial success, running for over 100 days in theatres.
Ravi, the owner of a matchbox factory, is a widower and lost his daughter in an accident. Recognising that his honest employee Chandran is in a similar position, he decides to help Chandran financially. As Chandran attends training in the United States, Ravi takes care of Chandran's charming daughter. On return, Chandran suggests changing the company's structure. The traditionalist Ravi becomes infuriated. Protesting this, Chandran resigns and starts his own matchbox company and becomes the leading matchbox manufacturer.
This begins Ravi's downfall, his charity and donating activities have eaten up profit and he ends up putting his house on sale. Chandran calls for the highest bid and wants to give it back to Ravi, but being the man that he is, Ravi would not accept. Chandran has already got Lalitha, his ex-secretary on whom Ravi had a crush on, and now Ravi's house.
Film ends on a tragic note when all Ravi has is his Dove, and Lalitha requests him to give it her, as her daughter is sick and is crying for Ravi uncle's Dove. Ravi has just sold that, so that he could feed. Unable to say no to a request he breathes his last.
- Sivaji Ganesan as Ravikumar
- Muthuraman as Chandran
- Jayalalithaa as Lalitha
- Manjula as Manju
- Major Sundarrajan as Murugan
- Cho as Appavu
- M. R. R. Vasu as Paramasivam
- Chandrababu as Singaram
- Sachu as Kamala
- Baby Sumathi as Selvi
In early 1970, G. Balasubramaniam had written a story exclusively for Sivaji Ganesan, and film producer Noor bought the rights for ₹ 25,000, with K. Shankar signed on to direct. However, Ganesan was reluctant after hearing the story, feeling it was too tragic. A year later, the same story was bought by the director duo Dorai–Bhagavan for ₹ 38,000, and they made it into a Kannada film titled Kasturi Nivasa, with Rajkumar starring. After the film's success, Ganesan decided to remake it in Tamil, and bought the remake rights for ₹ 2,00,000. The remake was titled Avandhan Manidhan, and the 175th film of Ganesan. It was directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar, co-produced by K. N. Subramaniam, photographed by M. Viswanatha Rai and edited by B. Kandhasamy. While Tirulokchandar also wrote the screenplay, Panchu Arunachalam wrote the dialogues.
Film historian Mohan Raman interpreted one scene where Cho's character tells Chandrababu's character, "Ellarum Ungala Marandutaanga pa" (Everyone has forgotten you, man) as reflecting Chandrababu's real life situation at that time.
|1||"Jalitha Vanitha" (Oonjalukku)||T. M. Soundararajan||Kannadasan||05:44|
|2||"Anbu Nadamadum"||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela||04:41|
|3||"Ah...Engirundho Oru Kural"||Vani Jairam||04:20|
|4||"Aattuviththaal Yaaroruvar"||T. M. Soundararajan||04:09|
|5||"Manidhan Ninaippadhundu"||T. M. Soundararajan||04:52|
- Narayanan, Sujatha (6 December 2016). "How Jayalalithaa's onscreen image helped establish her political one: From 'glam doll' to Amma". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 24 July 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- Rangarajan, Malathi (18 June 2016). "A director who stood tall". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- Venkatasubba Rao, K. N. (12 July 2008). "Kasturi Nivasa 1971". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Sivaji Ganesan passed up on the offer". The Hindu. 5 November 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- ""அவர் பெருந்தலைவர்; இவர் உண்மைத்தொண்டன்"". Uthayan News (in Tamil). 30 September 2020. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "அன்பு நடமாடும் கலைக்கூடமே... என்றென்றும் கண்ணதாசன் (6)". Dina Thanthi (in Tamil). 17 May 2019. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "171-180". nadigarthilagam.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- Ramanujam, Srinivasa (7 December 2016). "A different brand of wit". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "Avanthan Manithan (1975)". Raaga.com. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- Venkataramanan, Geetha (30 August 2018). "Kannadasan found Krishna within". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 18 June 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- "நடிகர்திலகத்தின் பட வரிசைப்பட்டியல்". Seithi Saral (in Tamil). 30 September 2020. Archived from the original on 29 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
- Ganesan, Sivaji; Narayana Swamy, T. S. (2007) . Autobiography of an Actor: Sivaji Ganesan, October 1928 – July 2001. Sivaji Prabhu Charities Trust. p. 242.