|United States Senator|
March 4, 1847 – March 4, 1853
|Preceded by||William Woodbridge|
|Succeeded by||Charles E. Stuart|
|5th Governor of Michigan|
January 5, 1846 – March 3, 1847
|Lieutenant||William L. Greenly|
|Preceded by||John S. Barry|
|Succeeded by||William L. Greenly|
|Michigan Auditor General|
|Governor||John S. Barry|
|Preceded by||Eurotus P. Hastings|
|Succeeded by||Henry L. Whipple|
|Member of the Michigan House of Representatives|
|Born||September 28, 1804|
(now Limerick, Maine)
|Died||June 13, 1896 (aged 91)|
Ann Arbor, Michigan
|Spouse(s)||Lucretia W. Lawrence, 4 children|
|Alma mater||Bowdoin College|
Felch was born in Limerick (in modern-day Maine, then a part of Massachusetts). He was left an orphan at the age of three and lived with his grandfather Abijah Felch, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. He attended the Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire, and graduated from Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, in 1827. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in Bangor, Maine, and practiced in Houlton, Maine, from 1830 to 1833.
Felch moved to Monroe, Michigan, in 1833 and continued the practice of law. In 1835 he was the aid-de-camp to General Joseph Brown during the mustering of troops for the Ohio–Michigan Boundary Dispute (the Toledo War). He was elected three times to the Michigan State House of Representatives, serving from 1835 to 1837. He was appointed state bank commissioner in 1838 and resigned in 1839. As bank commissioner, he did much to expose frauds which had been made possible by a general "wild-cat" banking law which he had opposed, and which was afterward declared unconstitutional by the Michigan Supreme Court. He was state auditor general for a few weeks in 1842 before being appointed associate justice of the Michigan Supreme Court in 1842, where he served until his resignation in 1845, after being elected governor. He served as Governor of Michigan from 1846 to 1847 and during those fourteen months, state statutes were amended and the state capital was relocated to Lansing.
Felch resigned as governor on March 3, 1847, after being elected by the Michigan legislature as a Democrat to the United States Senate. He served in the 30th, 31st and 32nd Congresses, from March 4, 1847, to March 4, 1853. In the U.S. Senate, he was chairman of the committee on public lands for four years.
In March 1853, he was appointed by U.S. President Franklin Pierce to the land claims commission for California to settle Spanish and Mexican land claims arising from the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican–American War and served as president of the commission until 1856. He returned to live in Ann Arbor, Michigan, that year and made an unsuccessful attempt at a non-consecutive term as governor against the Republican incumbent Kinsley S. Bingham. He resumed his law career and served as the Tappan Professor of Law at the University of Michigan from 1879 to 1883.
Death and legacy
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Daly, Matthew L.; Herman, Jennifer L.; Hannan, Caryn (December 1, 2008). Michigan Encyclopedia. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 268. ISBN 978-1-878592-94-1.
- United States Congress. "Alpheus Felch (id: F000063)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.