|Moti Ben-Moshe (owner)|
Avigdor Kaplan (chairman)
Israel Yaniv (CEO)
|Revenue||ILS 4.8 billion (2018)|
|ILS 179 million (2018)|
Alon Blue Square (Hebrew: אלון רבוע כחול, Alon Ribu'a Kahol), formerly Blue Square, is a private Israeli holding company, owned by Moti Ben-Moshe. It was founded as a retail chain, but subsequently branched out into real estate and other fields.
Alon Blue Square dates back to 1932, when it was founded as the Tel Aviv Cooperative Consumer Association. This and other cooperative consumer clubs were run by the Consumer Cooperation Union, in turn run by HaMashbir HaMerkazi. In 1970, all grocery store clubs formed a union, owing to the desire to unify grocery prices across the country for unionized workers. In 1972, the Tel Aviv club merged with the clubs from the Sharon region, Ashkelon and Beersheba. Later in the decade, the unified group became called Co-Op The Blue Square, with Benny Gaon appointed as its executive director. The group had a revenue of 2.5 billion Israeli pounds. In 1987, the company became the Israeli franchisee of Wendy's, reaching six branches, but failed.
The cooperative founded a new business in 1991, called Co-Op Blue Square Consumer Cooperative Society Limited, in which it held an 82% stake. At the time, the company employed about 3,000 workers. The company expanded its reach significantly in the 1990s, founding the Super Center supermarket chain. It also operated the Hamashbir Lazarchan, bought and the Home Center hardware and household goods chain, had plans to sell Dunkin' Donuts in the Co-Op branches, and it owned the franchise rights for operating IKEA in Israel, but was forced to sell them. In the 2000s Blue Square operated Sbarro and Pelephone stands in its stores and it also founded the Mega chain, geared toward its Buy and Bonus club members. In 2002, Blue Square entered the online retail business, with the Blue Center brand.
In 1996 the cooperative's holdings and the for-profit company merged into Blue Square Israel, and had a public offering in New York under that name. In November 2000 it also had a public offering in Israel. This privatization was initiated by various members of the cooperative, who had been forced to buy its shares decades earlier, but largely weren't invested in its ideology. By the 1990s they had wanted to sell their shares on the free market, and this was only possible through privatization. In 2002, most of the members voted to dismantle the company and sell its assets.
In 2015, Alon Blue Square encountered financial difficulties. The Mega supermarket chain owned by the company went into receivership, and the latter became insolvent. In 2016, Alon Blue Square was fully acquired by Moti Ben-Moshe and became a private company. In December 2019, Alon Blue Square acquired the Gindi family's 50% stake in TLV Fashion Mall, a shopping mall in Tel Aviv, for ₪225 million, making it the sole owner of the property. As of 2020, the company is one of the bidders for a 20% stake in Israel Post.
Holdings and subsidiaries
Alon Blue Square has two main subsidiaries: the energy company Dor Alon, and Blue Square Real Estate. Other than these, the company full or partially owns multiple retail chains, including Mega Home, Na'aman, Vardinon and others. It also has holdings in the radio station 103fm.
Prior to 2015, the company also had holdings in the retail chains Doctor Baby (owned by Mega) and Kfar HaSha'ashu'im, the mobile virtual network operator YouPhone the local Diners Club franchise, and the Israel Post newspaper.
- "Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd". Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Krystal, Meirav (July 18, 2015). "מקו-אופ הריבוע הכחול ועד You: תולדות מגה" [History of Mega: From Co-Op – The Blue Square to "You"]. Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- Dovrat, Zehava (July 21, 1996). ""Wendy's" Burger Chain Seeks Franchisee to Renew Activity in Israel". Globes. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- Goldberg, Nir (March 12, 2002). "הריבוע הכחול: ירידה של 5.9% במכירות החנויות הזהות ברבעון" [The Blue Square: A 5.9% Drop in Sales for the Identical Stores in a Quarter]. Globes (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 31, 2019.
- "Blue Square Israel Ltd. – Item 4. Information About the Company" (PDF). Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. p. 13.
- Kadosh, Nurit (April 30, 2015). "קבוצת אלון נפטרת מכפר השעשועים" [Alon Group Gets Rid of Kfar HaSha'ashu'im]. Calcalist (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Levy, Aviv (September 12, 2016). "Moti Ben-Moshe takes over Alon Blue Square". Globes. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- Apfelberg, Shelly (December 24, 2019). "בן משה ניצל את המצוקה הפיננסית של גינדי - וכעת הוא חופשי לשנות אסטרטגיה" [Ben Moshe Exploited Gindi's Financial Weakness, and Now He is Free to Change Strategy]. TheMarker (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- Ben Simon, Guy (December 23, 2019). "Gindi sells TLV Mall stake at NIS 125m loss". Globes. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- Magen, Hadas; Peretz, Gad (December 25, 2020). ""הדואר הוא הגוף בעל ההשפעה הכי גדולה על יוקר המחיה"" ["The Postal Company Has the Greatest Effect on the Cost of Living"]. Globes (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 26, 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Hazani, Golan (November 11, 2016). "סופי: מוטי בן-משה הוא בעל השליטה באלון רבוע כחול" [It's Final: Moti Ben-Moshe Controls Alon Blue Square]. Calcalist (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Roeh, Anat (July 27, 2015). "מונה מפרק זמני לרשת דוקטור בייבי של מגה" [Temporary Liquidator Assigned to Mega's Doctor Baby Chain]. Calcalist (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Peretz, Gad (July 6, 2015). "פלאפון רוכשת את יופון מקבוצת מגה בעסקת חלוקת הכנסות" [Pelephone Acquires YouPhone from Mega Group in a Revenue Division Deal]. Globes (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Kadosh, Nurit (November 29, 2015). "אלון רבוע כחול מכרה לכאל את חלקה בדיינרס תמורת 130 מיליון שקל" [Alon Blue Square Sold Its Share of Diners to Cal for ILS 130 Million]. Calcalist (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Katz, Alexander (December 20, 2015). "שמו של 'ישראל פוסט' ישתנה: ייקרא 'מעריב הבוקר' - וימשיך להיות מופץ חינם" [Israel Post's Name Will Change: To Be Named 'Ma'ariv This Morning' – and Will Continue to Be Distributed for Free]. Ice.co.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 9, 2019.