In mathematics, an algebra homomorphism is a homomorphism between two associative algebras. More precisely, if A and B are algebras over a field (or commutative ring) K, it is a function such that for all k in K and x, y in A,
Unital algebra homomorphisms
If A and B are two unital algebras, then an algebra homomorphism is said to be unital if it maps the unity of A to the unity of B. Often the words "algebra homomorphism" are actually used to mean "unital algebra homomorphism", in which case non-unital algebra homomorphisms are excluded.
A unital algebra homomorphism is a (unital) ring homomorphism.
- Every ring is a -algebra since there always exists a unique homomorphism . See Associative algebra#Examples for the explanation.
- Any homomorphism of commutative rings gives the structure of a commutative R-algebra. Conversely, if S is a commutative R-algebra, the map is a homomorphism of commutative rings. It is straightforward to deduce that the overcategory of the commutative rings over R is the same as the category of commutative -algebras.
- If A is a subalgebra of B, then for every invertible b in B the function that takes every a in A to b−1 a b is an algebra homomorphism (in case , this is called an inner automorphism of B). If A is also simple and B is a central simple algebra, then every homomorphism from A to B is given in this way by some b in B; this is the Skolem–Noether theorem.