Al Thuqeibah is an Iron Age archaeological site located near the town of Al Madam in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The site was originally excavated by teams from the Autonomous University of Madrid in the mid-1990s. Thuqeibah has been dated from the Iron Age II and III periods (1,100-400 BC). A settlement consisting of a number of houses and a well, it has been associated with a nearby Iron Age falaj system, thought to date from the Iron Age II era.
Analysis of the finds from Thuqeibah show that its inhabitants kept livestock, although a significant number of Iron Age arrowheads were found at the site. The combination of husbandry and hunting is consistent with the transition in society which took place throughout the Wadi Suq era. In addition, bronze blades, needles, awls and pins were found, pointing to a wide range of economic activity. Located in a natural crossing of the Hajar Mountains, finds at Thuqeibah suggest an unusual amount of sea fish was consumed by the inhabitants (the village is 80 km from the nearest sea) and that the village was therefore integrated into a wider Iron Age economy. An unusually large number of storage jars were found at the site.
An unusual find, House H4, is located some 200m from the core of Thuqeibah and has a large number of well constructed fireplaces which appear unconnected with the main structure and which showed no evidence of any food processing or other associated craft.
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