|Formation||5 April 1945|
|Purpose||preserving and promoting the history and values of the Resistance and Constitution|
Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia (ANPI; National Association of Italian Partisans) is an association founded by participants of the Italian resistance against the Italian Fascist regime and the subsequent Nazi occupation during World War II. ANPI was founded in Rome in 1944 while the war continued in northern Italy. It was constituted as a charitable foundation on 5 April 1945. It persists due to the activity of its antifascist members.
After the fall of the Italian Social Republic, the ANPI spread over the country as far as the southern tip of Italy. Most of the partisans who fought came from the center-north of Italy, but there were also members from Yugoslavia, Greece and France.
On 5 April 1945, the day that the ANPI was recognized as a charitable foundation, the association represented all the Italian partisans and was managed by a council where the different brigades that fought in the war were present (Brigate Garibaldi, Ferruccio Parri���s Giustizia e libertà, Brigate Matteotti, Mazzini Society, independent groups and Catholic partisans groups. But after the first national congress, which took place in Rome in 1947, problems arose due to different visions of internal and foreign politics within the group.
The intense discussions eventually led to the following partisan groups leaving the association:
- in 1948, independent and Catholic groups created the FIVL (Italian Federazion Freedom’s volunteers, Italian: Federazione Italiana Volontari della Libertà)
- in 1949, the groups related to Giustizia e Libertà created the FIAP (Italian Federation of the Partisan Associations, Italian: Federazione Italiana delle Associazioni Partigiane).
List of ANPI National Congresses
- Rome, 6–9 December 1947
- Venice, 19–21 March 1949
- Rome, 27–29 June 1952
- Milan, 6–8 April 1956
- Turin, 19–21 June 1959
- Rome, 14–16 February 1964
- Bologna, 18–21 March 1971
- Florence, 4–7 November 1976
- Genoa, 26–29 March 1981
- Milan, 10–13 December 1986
- Bologna, 2–5 June 1991
- Naples, 28–30 June 1996
- Abano Terme (PD), 29–31 March 2001
- Chianciano Terme (SI), 24–26 February 2006
- Turin, 24–27 March 2011
- Rimini, 12–15 May 2016
ANPI’s objectives are the maintenance of the historical role of the partisan war by means of research and the collection of personal stories. Its goals are a continued defense against historical revisionism and the ideal and ethical support of the high values of freedom and democracy expressed in the 1948 constitution, in which the ideals of the Italian resistance were collected.
I am a member of ANPI because the resistance is not only part of the past but is still present in current times.— ANPI's artists membership enrollment campaign, 2010
Unlike other veterans' associations, veterans can become ANPI members if they belong to one of the categories listed in Article 23 of its regulations. These include partisans, patriots, soldiers who fought against German soldiers after the Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces, prisoners or deportees—during the civil war—for political activities or racial discrimination, imprisoned military persons who did not support the Italian Social Republic, and also all citizens who, without any distinction of age, declare themselves as antifascists, in accordance to ANPI regulations. With the introduction of a new regulation, approved during the 14th congress, in 2006, ANPI allowed a generational change in the direction of members of the association. In 2010 its membership count was about 110,000 affiliated members.
In addition to the 10% of members categorized as "historic partisans", 10% of the organization consists of young people between 18 and 30 years of age, and the majority of members (60–65%) are between 35 and 65 years old.
In the three years between 2006 and 2009, membership increased from 83,000 to 110,000, with a great number of young antifascists elected to high-ranking positions at the local and national level.
In June 2010, Dacia Maraini and Concita De Gregorio created a membership enrollment campaign that recruited many artists and intellectuals as testimonials. Among them were Marco Bellocchio, Andrea Camilleri, Massimo Carlotto, Liliana Cavani, Roberto Citran, Cristina e Francesca Comencini, Vincenzo Consolo, Simone Cristicchi, Serena Dandini, Emma Dante, Giancarlo De Cataldo, Ellekappa, Sabrina Ferilli, Dario Fo, Matteo Garrone, Fabrizio Gifuni, Giorgia, Irene Grandi, Ugo Gregoretti, Monica Guerritore, Margherita Hack, Fiorella Mannoia, Simona Marchini, Neri Marcorè, Mario Monicelli, Giuliano Montaldo, Claudia Mori, Nicky Nicolai, Moni Ovadia, Marco Paolini, Michele Placido, Gigi Proietti, Franca Rame, Lidia Ravera, Toni Servillo, Paolo Sorrentino, Sergio Staino, Roberta Torre, Nadia Urbinati, Vauro, Lucio Villari, and Gustavo Zagrebelsky.
The association is currently structured with local groups, district groups, council groups, and provincial and regional committees. The association's headquarters are at Via degli Scipioni 271, Rome.
Arrigo Boldrini was the ANPI president from the first congress (1947) until 2006. Until June 2009 Tino Casali was the honorary president, Raimondo Ricci was the national president and Armando Cossutta was the vice-president.
In April 2011 the national committee of the ANPI elected new leadership. Carlo Smuraglia, partisan fighter, lawyer, senator, and labor-rights professor was elected to be the new national president. The following vice-presidents were also elected: Armando Cossutta, Luciano Guerzoni, Giovanna Stanka Hrovatin, Lino "William" Michelini, Carla Nespolo, Marisa Ombra, Alessandro Pollio Salimbeni, and Massimo Rendina. National secretaries include: Carlo Smuraglia (Presidente), Luciano Guerzoni, Marisa Ferro, Marisa Ombra, Carla Argenton, Andrea Liparoto, and Paolo Papotti.
In 2017, following an announcement by Smuraglia, Carla Nespolo was elected to the office of national president, the first woman to be elected to the position and also the first president not to have participated in the original partisan struggle in WWII. Smuraglia was conferred the title president emeritus.
National Presidents of the A.N.P.I.
- Arrigo Boldrini (9 December 1947 – 5 February 2006)
- Agostino "Tino" Casali (5 February 2006 – 17 June 2009)
- Raimondo Ricci (17 June 2009 – 16 April 2011)
- Carlo Smuraglia (16 April 2011 – 3 November 2017)
- Carla Federica Nespolo (3 November 2017 – 4 October 2020)
- Gianfranco Pagliarulo (since 30 October 2020)
ANPI publishes a magazine called Patria Indipendente (Independent Nation). Since 2015 it is only published digitally. The magazine focuses on historical-political issues, noting events related to the Italian resistance and promoting the respect of Constitutional themes.
ANPI national festival
Since 2008, every two years ANPI organizes its national festival. During the event, meetings, debates, and musical concerts that focus on antifascism, peace, and democracy are organized.
|2008||ANPI resistance. Democracy and antifascism||20 June to 22 June||Gattatico (Reggio Emilia), Museo Cervi||Official Website|
|2010||Italians, by Constitution||24 June to 27 June||Ancona, Mole Vanvitelliana||Official Website|
|2012||The memory beats in the heart of the future||14 June to 17 June||Marzabotto (Province of Bologna),||Official Website|
|2015||I dream of a country that is free and democratic||30 May to 2 June||Carpi (Modena)|
- Italian resistance movement
- Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces
- International Brigades
- Francesco Fausto Nitti, former ANPI official
- "* La carica dei partigiani junior Anpi, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica.
- "Chi Siamo". Website. ANPI.it. Archived from the original on 2011-05-02. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Documento politico-programmatico per il 15° congresso nazionale dell'ANPI[permanent dead link]
- I dieci congressi nazionali dell'ANPI, supplemento al n. 9/10 del 1991 di Patria Indipendente; pubblicato in occasione dell'11º congresso.
- "Il programma del Congresso nazionale". Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Documento". Archived from the original on 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2020-06-06.
- "in morte di Boldrini". Archived from the original on 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Intellettuali e artisti con l'ANPI". ANPI.it.
- "Statuto" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- "Documento per il 14° Congresso Nazionale". ombremosse.it. Archived from the original on 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Maria Cristina Carratù (22 April 2010). "La carica dei partigiani junior. ANPI, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica (in Italian). Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
- Gabriella Gallozzi (9 June 2010). ""Mi iscrivo all'Anpi perché..." La carica dei giovani partigiani". l'Unità (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-06-16.[permanent dead link]
- Al 2007 i soci risultavano essere 100.917
- Tesseramento. "tuti quei giovani che si iscrivono all'anpi". Corriere.it.
- organi dirigenti Archived July 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "L'Anpi coscienza critica dell'Italia". anpi.it. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia". anpi.it. Archived from the original on 2015-07-26. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- Organi dirigenti
- "Patria indipendente" archivio 2002/2015
- "Patria Indipendente" on line.
- "Festa dell'anpi". anpi.it.
- "programma festa nazionale" (PDF). lombardia.anpi.it.
- "Festa ANPI". festa.anpi.it. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
- (in Italian) ANPI – Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia – ANPI official website
- (in Italian) ANPI Rome, historical archive