|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Gregorian calendar||752 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||2|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXV dynasty, 1|
|- Pharaoh||Piye, 1|
|Ancient Greek era||7th Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)|
1945 or 1885
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
1946 or 1886
|Coptic calendar||−1035 – −1034|
|Ethiopian calendar||−759 – −758|
|- Vikram Samvat||−695 – −694|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2349–2350|
|Iranian calendar||1373 BP – 1372 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1415 BH – 1414 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2663 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||−209 – −208|
−625 or −1006 or −1778
— to —
−624 or −1005 or −1777
- Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women. He celebrates a further triumph later in the year over the Antemnates.
- Rome's first colonies were established.
- Diocles of Messenia won the seventh Ancient Olympic Games.
- (or 745 BC) Menahem succeeds Shallum of Israel as king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel.
- Piye succeeds Kashta as Kushite king, and conquers Egypt founding the Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt.
- Visakhayupa succeeds Palaka as emperor of Magadha.
- Dionysius of Halicarnassus dates the foundation of Rome to 752 BC/2 AUC (traditional date: 21 April 753 BC): "Romulus, the first ruler of the city, began his reign in the first year of the seventh Olympiad, when Charops at Athens was in the first year of his ten-year term as archon."
- Zechariah of Israel, king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of Israel, and son of Jeroboam II.
- Alara of Nubia, king of Kush.