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The year 2005 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Mark P. Leone - The Archaeology of Liberty in an American Capital: Excavations in Annapolis.
- Adrienne Mayor - Fossil Legends of the First Americans.
- Reynolds, A. C., Betancourt, J. L., Quade, J., Patchett, P. J., Dean, J. S., and Stein, J. "87Sr/86Sr sourcing of ponderosa pine used in Anasazi Great House construction at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico." Journal of Archaeological Science 32 pp. 1061–1075.
- February - Newark Torc discovered in England.
- March - Discovery of KV63, the first tomb in the Valley of the Kings found since 1922.
- May - Statue of Nike at Tadmor.
- June - Archaeologists excavating the Templo Mayor site in Tenochtitlan (modern-day Mexico City) discover a rare child sacrifice to the Aztec war god Huitzilopochtli. The child's body was given a ceremonial burial in a seated position, probably around 1450 in a cornerstone-laying ceremony to mark the building a new portion of the temple (announced July 22).
- August - Large Stone Structure, remains of a large 10th to 9th century BCE public building in East Jerusalem, believed by the excavator to be perhaps remains of the Palace of David.
- Megiddo church, remains of a 3rd-century Christian church, the earliest found in the country, near Tel Megiddo in northern Israel.
- A bone figurine of a bird 2 cm long is found at Lingjing in Henan province of China; it is subsequently dated at 13,500 BCE, making it 8,500 years older than any other known sculpture from east Asia.
- A gold wreath from Thrace is found in Bulgaria.
- April 18 - The bodies of thirty British Royal Navy officers and sailors discovered in 2000 on Nelson's Island are buried in a naval ceremony in Alexandria, Egypt. Dating from the Battle of the Nile (1798) and another battle three years later, only one body, that of Commander James Russell, can be positively identified.
- April 20 - The first part of the Obelisk of Axum returned to Ethiopia. It was taken to Rome in 1937 on Mussolini's orders.
- July 15 - Anders Hagen, Norwegian archaeologist (b. 1921)
- November 21 - Aileen Fox, English archaeologist (b. 1907).
- "Schatten VOC-schip De Rooswijk overgedragen aan Nederland". Trouw. 2005-12-12. p. 3.
- "The Battle of the Aegates Islands: Discovery of the Battle Zone and Major Finds". Society for Classical Studies. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "The Archaeology of Liberty in an American Capital". ucpress. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Mayor, Adrienne (2005). Fossil Legends of the First Americans. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691113459.
- Reynolds, Amanda C.; Betancourt, Julio L.; Quade, Jay; Patchett, P. Jonathan; Dean, Jeffrey S.; Stein, John (2005). "87Sr/86Sr sourcing of ponderosa pine used in Anasazi great house construction at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico". Journal of Archaeological Science. 32 (7): 1061–1075. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2005.01.016. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Wainwright, Martin (2005-02-18). "Iron age necklace discovered". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- "A Mystery Fit For A Pharaoh". Smithsonian. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
-  Archived March 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Erlanger, Steven (5 August 2005). "King David's Palace IsFound, Archaeologist Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- McGreal, Chris (7 November 2005). "Holy Land's 'oldest church' found at Armageddon". the Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Ishak, Natasha (2020-06-11). "13,500-Year-Old Bird Figurine Discovered In Pile Of Dirt Is The Oldest Sculpture Ever Found In East Asia". All That's Interesting. Retrieved 2020-06-13.
- "Golden treasure unearthed in Bulgaria". msnbc.com. 25 July 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Obelisk returned to Ethiopia after 68 years". the Guardian. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Minnetale over dr. philos Anders Hagen". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (in Norwegian). Retrieved 19 December 2017.
- "Obituary: Aileen Fox". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2017.