|Ab urbe condita||2706|
|Balinese saka calendar||1874–1875|
|British Regnal year||1 Eliz. 2 – 2 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬辰年 (Water Dragon)|
4649 or 4589
— to —
癸巳年 (Water Snake)
4650 or 4590
|- Vikram Samvat||2009–2010|
|- Shaka Samvat||1874–1875|
|- Kali Yuga||5053–5054|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 28|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 42|
|Thai solar calendar||2496|
2079 or 1698 or 926
— to —
2080 or 1699 or 927
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1953.|
1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.
- January 5 – Samuel Beckett's play Waiting for Godot has its public stage première in French, as En attendant Godot, at the Théâtre de Babylone in Paris.
- January 6 – The Asian Socialist Conference opens in Rangoon, Burma.
- January 7 – United States President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
- January 9 – In Montréal, Marguerite Pitre is the thirteenth, and last, woman hanged in Canada.
- January 12 – Estonian émigrés found a government-in-exile in Oslo.
- January 13 – "Doctors' plot": The state newspaper Pravda publishes an article alleging that many of the most prestigious physicians in the Soviet Union, mostly Jews, are part of a major plot to poison the country's senior political and military leaders.
- January 14
- January 15 – Georg Dertinger, foreign minister of East Germany, is arrested for spying.
- January 19 – 71.1% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy, to watch Lucy give birth to Little Ricky, which is more people than those who tuned into Dwight Eisenhower's inauguration the next day. This record has yet to be broken.
- January 20 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is sworn in as the 34th President of the United States.
- January 22 – The Crucible, an historical drama by Arthur Miller written as an allegory of McCarthyism in the United States, opens on Broadway.
- January 24
- January 28 – Derek Bentley is executed at Wandsworth Prison in London for his part in the murder of a policeman.
- January 31–February 1 – The North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1,836 people in the southwestern Netherlands (especially Zeeland), 307 in the United Kingdom, and several hundred at sea, including 133 on the ferry MV Princess Victoria in the Irish Sea.
- February 1 – The surge of the North Sea flood continues from the previous day.
- February 3 – Batepá massacre: Hundreds of native creoles, known as forros, are massacred in São Tomé, by the colonial administration and Portuguese landowners.
- February 5 – Walt Disney's feature film Peter Pan premieres.
- February 10 – Continental western European common market for coal established under the auspices of the European Coal and Steel Community.
- February 11
- February 12 – The Nordic Council is inaugurated.
- February 13 – Transsexual Christine Jorgensen returns to New York after successful sex reassignment surgery in Denmark.
- February 16 – The Pakistan Academy of Sciences is established in Pakistan.
- February 19 – Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
- February 25 – Jacques Tati's film, Les Vacances de M. Hulot, is released in France, introducing the gauche character of Monsieur Hulot.
- February 28
- March 1
- Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke, after an all-night dinner with Soviet Union interior minister Lavrentiy Beria and future premiers Georgy Malenkov, Nikolai Bulganin, and Nikita Khrushchev. The stroke paralyzes the right side of his body and renders him unconscious until his death on March 5.
- Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg is made deputy constable and lieutenant governor of Windsor Castle.
- March 6 – Georgy Malenkov succeeds Joseph Stalin, as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- March 8 – The Thieves World, which has been transformed into the Russian mafia, are freed from prisons by the Malenkov regime, ending the Bitch Wars.
- March 9 – Draft Treaty establishing the European Political Community, never brought into effect.
- March 13 – The United Nations Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld from Sweden as United Nations Secretary General.
- March 14 – Nikita Khrushchev is selected General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- March 17 – The first nuclear test of Operation Upshot–Knothole is conducted in Nevada, with 1,620 spectators at 3.4 km (2.1 mi).
- March 18 – The Yenice–Gönen earthquake affects western Turkey, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (violent), causing at least 1,070 deaths, and $3.57 million in damage.
- March 19 – The 25th Academy Awards Ceremony is held (the first one broadcast on television).
- March 25–26 – Lari Massacre in Kenya: Mau Mau rebels kill up to 150 Kikuyu natives.
- March 26 – Jonas Salk announces his polio vaccine.
- March 29 – A fire at the Littlefield Nursing Home in Largo, Florida, kills 33 persons, including singer-songwriter Arthur Fields.
- April 7 – Dag Hammarskjöld is elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- April 8 – Jomo Kenyatta is sentenced to 7 years in prison for the alleged organization of the Mau Mau Uprising in the British Kenya Colony.
- April 10 – Melbourne Knights FC is founded as Croatia SC, in Melbourne, Australia.
- April 13
- April 16
- President Eisenhower delivers his "Chance for Peace" speech, to the National Association of Newspaper Editors.
- A four-story building in Chicago belonging to the Habar Corporation catches fire, killing 35 employees.
- April 17 – Mickey Mantle hits a 565-foot (172 m) home run at Griffith Stadium, in Washington, D.C., a candidate for the longest home run in baseball history.
- April 20 – Frank Sinatra and arranger Nelson Riddle began their first recording sessions together at Capitol Records, which results in some of the defining recordings of Sinatra's career.
- April 25 – Francis Crick and James Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid", their description of the double helix structure of DNA.
- May 2 – Hussein is crowned King of Jordan.
- May 5 – Aldous Huxley first tries the psychedelic hallucinogen mescaline, inspiring his book The Doors of Perception.
- May 9
- France agrees to the provisional independence of Cambodia, with King Norodom Sihanouk.
- Australian Senate election, 1953: The Liberal/Country Coalition Government, led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies, holds their Senate majority, despite gains made by the Labor Party, led by H. V. Evatt. This is the first occasion where a Senate election is held without an accompanying House Of Representatives election.
- May 10 – The town of Chemnitz, East Germany becomes Karl Marx Stadt.
- May 11 – Waco tornado outbreak: An F5 tornado hits in the downtown section of Waco, Texas, killing 114.
- May 15 – The Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPS) for Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) are adopted by the ICAO Council. These SARPS are in Annex 15 to the Chicago Convention, and 15 May is celebrated by the AIS community as "World AIS Day".
- May 18 – At Rogers Dry Lake, Californian Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to exceed Mach 1, in a North American F-86 Sabre at 652.337 mph (566.865 kn; 1,049.835 km/h).
- May 25 – Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its only nuclear artillery test: Upshot-Knothole Grable.
- May 29 – 1953 British Mount Everest expedition: Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal become the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
- June 1 – Uprising in Plzeň: Currency reform causes riots in Czechoslovakia.
- June 2 – Elizabeth II is crowned queen of the United Kingdom, at Westminster Abbey.
- June 7 – Italian general election: the Christian Democracy party wins a plurality in both legislative houses.
- June 7-9 – Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: A single storm-system spawns 46 tornadoes of various sizes, in 10 states from Colorado to Massachusetts, over 3 days, killing 246.
- June 8
- June 9
- June 13 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy.
- June 16 – The Soviet Union and Yugoslavia open diplomatic relations.
- June 17 – Workers' Uprising in East Germany: The Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
- June 18
- Egypt declares itself a republic.
- Tachikawa air disaster: A United States Air Force Douglas C-124 Globemaster II crashes just after takeoff from Tachikawa Airfield near Tokyo, Japan, killing all 129 people on board in the worst air crash in history up to this time, and the first with a confirmed death toll exceeding 100.
- June 19
- June 30
- July 3 – The first ascent of Nanga Parbat in the Pakistan Himalayas, the world's ninth highest mountain, is made by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl alone on the German–Austrian expedition.
- July 4 – Strikes and riots hit coal mining regions in Poland.
- July 9 – The U.S. Treasury formally renames the Bureau of Internal Revenue; the new name (which had previously been used informally) is the Internal Revenue Service.
- July 10 – The Soviet official newspaper Pravda announces that Lavrentiy Beria has been deposed as head of the NKVD.
- July 17 – The greatest recorded loss of United States midshipmen in a single event results from an aircraft crash near NAS Whiting Field.
- July 23 – Howard Hawks's musical film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, starring Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell, is released by 20th Century Fox in the United States.
- July 26
- July 27 – The Korean War ends, with the Korean Armistice Agreement: The United Nations Command (Korea) (United States), People's Republic of China and North Korea sign an armistice agreement at Panmunjom, and the north remains communist, while the south remains capitalist.
- August 5 – Operation Big Switch: Prisoners of war are repatriated to the United States after the Korean War.
- August 8
- August 12
- August 13 – Four million workers go on strike in France to protest against austerity measures.
- August 15–19 – Cold War: 1953 Iranian coup d'état – Overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, by Iranian military in favour of strengthening the monarchical rule of the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, with the support of the United States Central Intelligence Agency (as "Operation Ajax") and the United Kingdom.
- August 17 – The first planning session of Narcotics Anonymous is held in Southern California (see October 5).
- August 18 – The second of the Kinsey Reports, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, is published in the United States.
- August 20
- August 25 – The French general strike ends.
- September 4 – The discovery of REM sleep is first published, by researchers Eugene Aserinsky and Nathaniel Kleitman.
- September 5 – The United Nations rejects the Soviet Union's suggestion to accept the People's Republic of China as a member.
- September 7 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
- September 12 – U.S. Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary's Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
- September 23 – The Pact of Madrid is signed by Francoist Spain and the United States of America, ending a period of virtual isolation for Spain.
- September 25 – The first German prisoners of war return from the Soviet Union to West Germany.
- September 26 – Rationing of sugar ends in the UK.
- October – The UNIVAC 1103 is the first commercial computer to use random-access memory.
- October 5
- October 6 – UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund, is made a permanent specialized agency of the United Nations.
- October 9
- October 10
- Roland (Monty) Burton wins the 1953 London to Christchurch air race, in under 23 hours flying time.
- The Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
- October 12 – The play The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York.
- October 22 – Laos becomes independent from France.
- October 23 – Alto Broadcasting System in the Philippines makes the first television broadcast in southeast Asia, through DZAQ-TV. Alto Broadcasting System is the predecessor of what will later become ABS-CBN Corporation.
- October 30 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document of the United States National Security Council NSC 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
- November 5 – David Ben-Gurion resigns as prime minister of Israel.
- November 9
- November 20
- November 20–22 – First Indochina War: Operation Castor – In a massive airborne operation in Vietnam, French forces establish a base at Điện Biên Phủ.
- November 21 – Puerto Williams is founded in Chile, as the southernmost settlement of the world.
- November 25 – Match of the Century (1953 England v Hungary football match): The England national football team loses 6–3 to Hungary at Wembley Stadium, their first ever loss to a continental team at home.
- November 29 – First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu – French paratroopers consolidate their position at Điện Biên Phủ.
- November 30 – Kabaka crisis: Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda, is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Benjamin Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
- December – Hugh Hefner publishes the first issue of Playboy magazine in the United States, featuring a centerfold nude photograph of Marilyn Monroe; it sells 54,175 copies at $.50 each.
- December 2 – The United Kingdom and Iran reform diplomatic relations.
- December 6 – With the NBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Arturo Toscanini performs what he claims is his favorite Beethoven symphony, Eroica, for the last time. The live performance is broadcast across the United States on radio, and later released on records and CD.
- December 7 – A visit to Iran by American Vice President Richard Nixon sparks several days of riots, as a reaction to the August 19 overthrow of the government of Mohammed Mossadegh by the U.S.-backed Shah. Three students are shot dead by police in Tehran. This event becomes an annual commemoration.
- December 8 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his Atoms for Peace address, to the United Nations General Assembly.
- December 10 – Albert Schweitzer is given the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize.
- December 17 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approves color television (using the NTSC standard).
- December 23 – The Soviet Union announces officially that Lavrentiy Beria has been executed.
- December 24 – Tangiwai disaster: A railway bridge collapses at Tangiwai, New Zealand, sending a fully loaded passenger train into the Whangaehu River; 151 are killed.
- December 25 – The Amami Islands are returned to Japan, after 8 years of United States military occupation.
- December 30 – Ramon Magsaysay becomes the 7th President of the Philippines.
- The Japanese 10 yen coin is issued with serrated edges for a 5-year period, beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have had smooth edges.
- Heavy massive rain, landslides, and flooding in western and southwestern Japan kill an estimated 2,566, and injure 9,433, mainly at Kizugawa, Wakayama, Kumamoto, and Kitakyushu (June–August).
- Global meat packing industry JBS is founded in Anapolis, Goias, Brazil.
- China First Building Corporation, as predecessor part of China State Construction Engineering, founded in Beijing.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 2 – Vincent Racaniello, American virologist
- January 4 – George Tenet, American Central Intelligence Agency director
- January 5
- January 6
- January 8 – Bruce Sutter, American baseball player
- January 10
- January 13 – John Wake, English cricketer
- January 15
- January 16 – Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi, founder of the terrorist group The Order (d. 1984)
- January 18
- January 19
- January 20 – Jeffrey Epstein, American financier and sex offender (d. 2019)
- January 21
- January 22
- January 24
- Moon Jae-in, 19th President of South Korea
- January 23
- January 26
- January 28 – Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player, executive
- January 29
- Peter Baumann, German keyboard player, songwriter (Tangerine Dream)
- Paulin Bordeleau, Canadian ice hockey player
- Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
- Juan Paredes, Mexican boxer
- Pierre Jacob, Canadian politician (d. 2018)
- Louie Pérez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- Fred Riebeling, Australian politician
- Grażyna Szmacińska, Polish chess player
- Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
- Yorie Terauchi, Japanese actress
- Hwang Woo-suk, South Korean veterinarian, academic
- January 31 – Sergei Ivanov, Russian first deputy prime minister and minister of defense
- February 2 – Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter
- February 4 – Kitarō, Japanese New Age musician
- February 5 – Valerie Carter, American singer-songwriter (d. 2017)
- February 7 – Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (d. 1998)
- February 8 – Mary Steenburgen, American actress
- February 9
- February 10 – June Jones, American quarterback, current NCAA Football head coach at Southern Methodist University
- February 11 – Jeb Bush, American politician, 43rd Governor of Florida
- February 12 – Nabil Shaban, Jordanian-British actor and writer
- February 14 – Sergey Mironov, Russian statesman, Speaker of the Federation Council
- February 19
- February 20 – Riccardo Chailly, Italian orchestral conductor
- February 21 – William Petersen, American actor
- February 22 – Geoffrey Perkins, British comedy producer, writer and actor (d. 2008)
- February 25
- February 26
- February 27
- February 28
- March 1 – Richard Bruton, Irish politician, economist
- March 2
- Russell Feingold, U.S. Senator
- March 3
- March 4
- March 5 J� Tokyo Sexwale, South African businessman, politician, anti-apartheid activist and political prisoner
- March 6
- March 10 – Debbie Brill, Canadian high jumper
- March 11
- March 12
- March 14 – Johan Ullman, Swedish medical doctor, physicist and inventor
- March 15 – Kumba Iala, Guinea-Bissauan politician, 3rd President of Guinea-Bissau (d. 2014)
- March 16
- March 17 – Filemon Lagman, Filipino revolutionary (d. 2001)
- March 18 – Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer
- March 19 – Lenín Moreno, Ecuadorian politician, 44th President of Ecuador
- March 20 – Sándor Csányi, Hungarian business executive, banker
- March 23 – Chaka Khan, African-American soul singer (I Feel For You)
- March 24
- March 26
- March 28 – Melchior Ndadaye, 4th President of Burundi (d. 1993)
- April 2
- April 3
- April 4 – Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
- April 6 – Andy Hertzfeld, American computer programmer
- April 9
- April 10
- April 11
- April 13 – Stephen Byers, English Labour Party politician, Secretary of State for Transport
- April 14 – Eric Tsang, Hong Kong actor
- April 16
- April 17 – Linda Martin, Irish singer, television presenter and Eurovision Song Contest 1992 winner
- April 18 – Rick Moranis, Canadian actor (Second City Television)
- April 19 – Ruby Wax, American-born British-based performer
- April 20 – Sebastian Faulks, British novelist
- April 22 – Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
- April 24
- April 25 – Ron Clements, American animation director, producer
- April 28
- April 29
- April 30 – Merrill Osmond, American pop singer
- May 2
- May 3 – Ibrahim Zakzaky, Nigerian Shia-Islam cleric
- May 4 – Salman Hashimikov, Soviet heavyweight wrestler
- May 5 – Dieter Zetsche, German auto executive
- May 6
- May 7 – Ian McKay, British soldier, (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
- May 8
- May 11 – David Gest, American entertainer, producer and television personality (d. 2016)
- May 14
- May 15
- May 16
- May 17 – Luca Prodan, Italian–Scottish musician and singer (d. 1987)
- May 19 – Victoria Wood, English comic performer (d. 2016)
- May 20 – Robert Doyle, Australian politician
- May 21 – Jim Devine, British politician
- May 23 – Agathe Uwilingiyimana, 4th Prime Minister of Rwanda (d. 1994)
- May 24 – Alfred Molina, English actor
- May 26
- May 29
- May 30 – Colm Meaney, Irish actor
- May 31 – Kathie Sullivan, American singer
- June 1
- June 2
- June 3 – Erland Van Lidth De Jeude, Dutch-born wrestler, opera singer and actor (d. 1987)
- June 4
- June 5 – Kathleen Kennedy, American film producer
- June 7
- June 8 – Ivo Sanader, 8th Prime Minister of Croatia
- June 10 – John Edwards, American politician
- June 11
- June 12 – Michael Donovan, Canadian voice actor
- June 13
- June 14 – Hana Laszlo, Israeli actress and comedian
- June 15
- June 19 – Ken Davitian, Armenian–American actor, comedian and restaurateur
- June 20 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
- June 21 – Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 26
- June 27
- June 29
- June 30 – Joan Lin, Taiwanese actress
- July 1
- Pat Donovan, American football offensive lineman
- Lawrence Gonzi, 11th Prime Minister of Malta
- David Gulpilil, Australian traditional dancer and actor
- Mike Haynes, American football player
- Jadranka Kosor, Croatian politician
- Nasir Ali Mamun, Bengali portrait photographer
- Sangay Ngedup, Prime Minister of Bhutan
- Mohammad Tofiq Rahim, Iraqi Kurdish politician
- Alan Sunderland, English footballer
- July 2 – Nacer Sandjak, Algerian footballer and manager
- July 3
- July 4
- July 6
- July 7 – Eleri Rees, Welsh judge
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12 – Alessi Brothers, American pop rock singer-songwriter duo
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16 – Ahmad Fuad Ismail, Malaysian politician; 9th mayor of Kuala Lumpur
- July 17 – Nuria Bages, Mexican actress
- July 19
- July 21
- July 23 – Najib Abdul Razak, 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia
- July 24
- July 25
- July 26 – Robert Phillips (guitarist), American classical guitarist
- July 27 – Yahoo Serious, Australian filmmaker
- July 29
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2 – Butch Patrick, American child actor and musician
- August 3 – Randy Scruggs, American music producer, songwriter and guitarist (d. 2018)
- August 4 – Antonio Tajani, Italian politician, President of the European Parliament
- August 5
- August 7 – Lesley Nicol, English actress
- August 8
- August 9 – Jean Tirole, French Nobel Prize-winning economist
- August 10 – Richard Cansino, American voice actor
- August 11 – Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler
- August 12
- August 14
- August 15
- August 16 – Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
- August 17
- August 18 – Louie Gohmert, American politician
- August 19 – Benoît Régent, French actor (d. 1994)
- August 20
- August 21 – Géza Szőcs, Hungarian poet and politician
- August 24 – Ron Holloway, American tenor saxophonist
- August 26
- August 27
- August 29 – James Quesada, Nicaraguan-born anthropologist
- August 30
- August 31
- September 2 – John Zorn, American musician
- September 4
- September 6 – Anne Lockhart, American actress
- September 7 – Mammootty, Indian actor
- September 8 – Stu Ungar, American poker player (d. 1998)
- September 10 – Amy Irving, American actress
- September 11
- September 12
- September 13
- September 14 – Harold Covington, American political activist (d. 2018)
- September 17 – Altaf Hussain, Pakistani politician
- September 18 – Betsy Boze, American dean and CEO, Kent State University at Stark
- September 19 – Probal Dasgupta, Indian linguist and Esperantist
- September 20
- September 21
- September 22
- September 23 – Alexey Maslov, commander-in-chief of the Russian Ground Forces
- September 27 – Greg Ham, Australian rock musician (Men at Work)
- September 29
- September 30 – Deborah Allen, American singer
- October 1
- October 2 – Brandon Wilson, American author and explorer
- October 4 – Kerry Sherman, American actress
- October 7 – Tico Torres, American Drummer (Bon Jovi)
- October 9 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor
- October 10 – Midge Ure, Scottish musician, singer-songwriter and producer
- October 12
- October 14
- October 15
- October 16
- October 20 – Bill Nunn, African-American actor (d. 2016)
- October 21
- October 22 – Loyiso Nongxa, South African mathematician
- October 24
- October 26 – Keith Strickland, American musician (The B-52's)
- October 27
- October 29
- October 31 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
- November 1
- November 2 – Tom Lyle, American comics artist (d. 2019)
- November 3
- November 4
- November 5 – Florentino V. Floro, Filipino dwarf judge
- November 7 – Ottfried Fischer, German actor and Kabarett artist
- November 8 – John Musker, American animation director
- November 11
- November 13
- November 14 – Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France
- November 15 – Alexander O'Neal, American singer
- November 16 – Griff Rhys Jones, Welsh comedian, writer, actor and television presenter
- November 18
- November 19
- November 23 – Francis Cabrel, French singer
- November 24
- November 25 – Graham Eadie, Australian rugby league player
- November 27
- November 28 – Pamela Hayden, American voice actress
- November 29
- November 30 – June Pointer, American singer (The Pointer Sisters) (d. 2006)
- December 2 – Joel Fuhrman, American certified family physician
- December 6
- December 8
- December 9
- December 11
- December 13
- December 14
- December 16 – Héctor Timerman, Argentine journalist and politician (d. 2018)
- December 17
- December 18
- December 21 – András Schiff, Hungarian concert pianist and conductor
- December 22
- December 23
- December 24 – Timothy Carhart, American actor
- December 26
- December 27 – Gina Lopez, Filipino environmentalist and philanthropist (d. 2019)
- December 28
- December 29
- December 30
- December 31
- Julieta Egurrola, Mexican actress.
- Ely Ould Mohamed Vall, 6th President of Mauritania (d. 2017)
- Lan Jun, Chinese politician
- January 1
- January 2 – Guccio Gucci, founder of Gucci (b. 1881)
- January 4
- January 5 – Mitchell Hepburn, Canadian politician, 11th Premier of Ontario (b. 1896)
- January 7
- January 8 – Charles Edward Merriam, American political scientist (b. 1874)
- January 9 – Madame le Corbeau (Marguerite Pitre), Canadian murderer (b. 1909) (hanged)
- January 13 – Sir Edward Marsh, English polymath and civil servant (b. 1872)
- January 16 – Israel Goldstine, New Zealand lawyer and politician (b. 1898)
- January 21 – Mary Mannering, early 20th century English stage actress (b. 1876)
- January 28 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
- January 29 – Sir Reginald Wingate, British army general and colonial administrator (b. 1861)
- January 30 – Lionel Belmore, English actor (b. 1867)
- February 1 – William Sydney Marchant, British colonial official (b. 1894)
- February 2 – Alan Curtis, American actor (b. 1909)
- February 1 – Richard Rushall, British businessman (b. 1865)
- February 5 – Iuliu Maniu, 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1873)
- February 9 – Cecil Hepworth, English director (b. 1874)
- February 12 – Hal Colebatch, Australian politician (b. 1872)
- February 19 – Nobutake Kondō, Japanese admiral (b. 1886)
- February 20 – Francesco Saverio Nitti, Italian economist and political figure, 24th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1868)
- February 21 – Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen, Bavarian general (b. 1862)
- February 23 – Sir Cecil Hunter-Rodwell, British colonial administrator (b. 1874)
- February 24 – Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (b. 1875)
- February 25 – Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (b. 1856)
- February 27 – Paul Hurst, American actor (b. 1888)
- March 2 – James Lightbody, American middle-distance runner (b. 1882)
- March 3 – James J. Jeffries, American boxing champion (b. 1875)
- March 5
- March 7 – Edward Sedgwick, American director (b. 1892)
- March 13 – Johan Laidoner, Commander-in-chief of the Estonian Army (b. 1884)
- March 14 – Klement Gottwald, 5th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1896)
- March 15 – Carl Stockdale, American actor (b. 1874)
- March 20 – Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian writer (b. 1892)
- March 21 – Toni Wolff, Swiss psychoanalyst (b. 1888)
- March 23
- March 24
- March 28 – Jim Thorpe, Native-American athlete and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1887)
- March 31 ��� Ivan Lebedeff, Russian actor (b. 1895)
- April 2
- April 4
- April 9
- April 11
- April 20 – Erich Weinert, German writer, member of the Communist Party of Germany (b. 1890)
- April 27 – Maud Gonne, English-born Irish republican revolutionary, memoirist; spouse of John MacBride (b. 1866)
- April 29 – Alice Prin, French artists' model (b. 1901)
- May 1 – Everett Shinn, American painter (b. 1876)
- May 8 – Anna Rüling, German journalist, "the first known lesbian activist" (b. 1880)
- May 16
- May 19 – Dámaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and Prime Minister (b. 1873)
- May 21 – Ernst Zermelo, German logician and mathematician (b. 1871)
- May 27 – Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1868)
- May 29 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)
- May 30 – Dooley Wilson, American actor (b. 1886)
- May 31 – Vladimir Tatlin, Soviet and Russian painter and architect (b. 1885)
- June 1 – Alex James, Scottish football (soccer) player (b. 1901)
- June 5
- June 9 – Godfrey Tearle, American actor (b. 1884)
- June 15 – Henry Scattergood, American cricketer (b. 1877)
- June 18 – René Fonck, French aviator, top Allied World War I Flying Ace (b. 1894)
- June 19
- June 22 – Bill Lange, American sports coach (b. 1897)
- June 23 – Albert Gleizes, French artist and theoretician (b. 1881)
- June 30 – Elsa Beskow, Swedish author and illustrator of children's books (b. 1874)
- July 1 – Totius, Afrikaans poet (b. 1877)
- July 9 – Annie Kenney, British working-class suffragette (b. 1879)
- July 11 – Oliver Campbell, American tennis player (b. 1871)
- July 12 – Herbert Rawlinson, English actor (b. 1885)
- July 15 – John Christie, English serial killer (b. 1899) (hanged)
- July 16 – Hilaire Belloc, French-born British writer and historian (b. 1870)
- July 17 – Maude Adams, American actress (b. 1872)
- July 20 – Dumarsais Estimé, 30th President of Haiti (b. 1900)
- July 26 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general and Prime Minister (b. 1883)
- July 29 – Richard William Pearse, New Zealand airplane pioneer (b. 1877)
- July 31 – Robert A. Taft, American politician, United States Senate Majority Leader (b. 1889)
- August 1 – Jānis Mendriks, Soviet Roman Catholic priest (b. 1907)
- August 11 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (b. 1892)
- August 15 – Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (b. 1875)
- August 22 – Jim Tabor, American baseball player (b. 1916)
- August 25 – Jessie Aspinall, Australian doctor, first female junior medical resident at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (b. 1880)
- August 30
- September 2 – General Jonathan Wainwright, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1883)
- September 5 – Francis Ford, American actor and director (b. 1881)
- September 7 – Nobuyuki Abe, Japanese Prime Minister and military leader (b. 1875)
- September 8 – Fred M. Vinson, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1890)
- September 12
- September 13 – Mary Brewster Hazelton, American painter (b. 1868)
- September 15 – Erich Mendelsohn, German architect (b. 1887)
- September 17 – Wenxiu, consort of China's last emperor Puyi (b. 1909)
- September 24 – Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 17th Duke of Alba, Spanish aristocrat (born 1878)
- September 26 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
- September 27 – Hans Fritzsche, German Nazi senior official, one of only three acquitted at the Nuremberg trials (b. 1900)
- September 28 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
- September 30
- October 3 – Arnold Bax, English composer (b. 1887)
- October 6 – Porter Hall, American actor (b. 1888)
- October 8
- October 11 – Pauline Robinson Bush, younger sister of US President George W. Bush (b. 1949)
- October 12 – Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Swedish politician, 13th Prime Minister of Sweden, one of the leaders of World War I (b. 1862)
- October 13 – Millard Mitchell, American actor (b. 1903)
- October 14 – Arthur Wimperis, English illustrator and playwright (b. 1874)
- October 20 – Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, British air chief marshal (b. 1878)
- October 25 – Holger Pedersen, Dutch linguist (b. 1867)
- October 27 – Thomas Wass, English cricketer (b. 1873)
- November 5 – Harry A. Marmer, Ukrainian-born American mathematician and oceanographer (b. 1885)
- November 8
- November 9
- November 18 – Ruth Crawford Seeger, American composer (b. 1901)
- November 21
- November 22 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Indian/Pakistani historian, biographer, littérateur and scholar of Islam (b. 1884)
- November 27 – Eugene O'Neill, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- November 28 – Rudolf Bauer, German-born painter (b. 1889)
- November 29
- November 30 – Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1879)
- December 2 – Radu Băldescu, Romanian general (b. 1888)
- December 5
- December 10 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (b. 1872)
- December 14 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American writer (b. 1896)
- December 19 – Robert Andrews Millikan, American physicist Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
- December 21 – Nicholas H. Heck, American geophysicist, oceanographer and surveyor (b. 1882)
- December 23 – Lavrentiy Beria, Minister of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union (b. 1899)
- December 25
- December 27
- December 31 – Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
- Physics – Frits Zernike
- Chemistry – Hermann Staudinger
- Medicine – Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
- Literature – Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
- Peace – George Marshall
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