The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1943.
- Public Service: The Omaha World-Herald, "for its initiative and originality in planning a statewide campaign for the collection of scrap metal for the war effort. The Nebraska plan was adopted on a national scale by the daily newspapers, resulting in a united effort which succeeded in supplying war industries with necessary scrap material."
- Reporting: George Weller of the Chicago Daily News for "Doc" Lipes Commandeers a Submarine Officers' Wardroom", "his graphic story of how a U.S. Navy Pharmacist's Mate under enemy waters in a submarine performed an operation for appendicitis saving a sailor's life".
- Correspondence: Hanson W. Baldwin of The New York Times, "for his report of his wartime tour of the Southwest Pacific".
- Telegraphic Reporting (National): No award
- Telegraphic Reporting (International): Ira Wolfert of the North American Newspaper Alliance, "for his series of three articles on the fifth battle of the Solomons".
- Editorial Writing: Forrest W. Seymour of the Register and Tribune (Des Moines, Iowa), "for his editorials published during the calendar year 1942".
- Editorial Cartooning: Jay Norwood Darling of the Register and Tribune (Des Moines, Iowa), for "What a Place For a Waste Paper Salvage Campaign".
- Photography: Frank Noel of the Associated Press, for his photo entitled, "Water!"
Letters, Drama and Music Awards
- Novel: Dragon's Teeth by Upton Sinclair (Viking)
- Drama: The Skin of Our Teeth by Thornton Wilder (Harper)
- History: Paul Revere and the World He Lived In by Esther Forbes (Houghton)
- Biography or Autobiography: Admiral of the Ocean Sea by Samuel Eliot Morison (Little)
- Poetry: A Witness Tree by Robert Frost (Holt)
- Music: Secular Cantata No. 2: A Free Song by William Schuman Performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and published by G. Schirmer, Inc., New York
- "Wife's challenge 'What did you do about it?' started publisher on prize-winning Nebraska scrap hunt". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. AP. May 4, 1943 – via Newspapers.com. (Part 2 of article)
- "Ira Wolfert, Star-Telegram war writer, is Pulitzer Prize winner". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. May 13, 1943 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Seymour and Darling win Pulitzer Prizes". The Des Moines Register. May 4, 1943 – via Newspapers.com. (Part 2 of article)