|140th New York State Legislature|
|Legislative body||New York State Legislature|
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||January 1 – December 31, 1917|
|President||Edward Schoeneck (R)|
|Temporary President||Elon R. Brown (R)|
|Party control||Republican (35-15)|
|Speaker||Thaddeus C. Sweet (R)|
|Party control||Republican (99-49-2)|
The 140th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to October 2, 1917, during the third year of Charles S. Whitman's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1894, re-apportioned in 1906 and 1907, 51 Senators and 150 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (twelve districts), Kings County (eight districts), Erie County (three districts) and Monroe County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of contiguous area, all within the same county.
At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Socialist Party, the Prohibition Party, the Progressive Party, the Independence League, the Socialist Labor Party and the American Party also nominated tickets.
The New York state election, 1916, was held on November 7. Charles S. Whitman and Edward Schoeneck were re-elected Governor and Lieutenant Governor; both Republicans. The other eight statewide elective offices were also carried by Republicans. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Republicans 836,000; Democrats 687,000; Socialists 63,000; Prohibition 22,000; Progressives 7,000; Independence League 5,000; Socialist Labor 4,000; and American 2,000.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1917; and adjourned on May 10.
Elon R. Brown (R) was re-elected Temporary President of the State Senate.
The Legislature redistricted the Senate seats, and re-apportioned the number of assemblymen per county. Bronx County—which had been part of New York County at the time of the previous apportionment and occupied roughly the area of four Assembly districts—was properly separated, and was apportioned eight seats. New York County (without the Bronx) lost eight seats; and Erie, Jefferson and Ulster counties lost one seat each. Queens County gained two seats; and Broome, Nassau, Richmond, Schenectady and Westchester counties gained one seat each.
The Legislature met for a special session at the State Capitol in Albany on July 31, 1917. This session was called to enact food control legislation, which would regulate the seizure and shipping of food to the Allies in Europe, helping them with their war effort against Germany during World War I.
On August 24, the Food Control Bill was passed by the Legislature. The bill established a three-member Food Control Commission. The Legislature took a recess until September 6.
On October 2, the State Senate rejected again the nomination of Perkins; and then confirmed the appointment of John Mitchell, Jacob Gould Schurman and Charles A. Wieting to the Food Control Commission. The Legislature then adjourned sine die.
- 1st District: Nassau and Suffolk counties
- 2nd District: Queens County, i.e the Borough of Queens
- 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th District: Parts of Kings County, i.e. the Borough of Brooklyn
- 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th District: Parts of New York County, i.e. the Borough of Manhattan
- 21st and 22nd District: Parts of Bronx County, i.e. the Borough of the Bronx
- 23rd District: Richmond and Rockland counties
- 24th District: Westchester County
- 25th District: Orange and Sullivan counties
- 26th District: Columbia, Dutchess and Putnam and counties
- 27th District: Greene and Ulster counties
- 28th District: Albany County
- 29th District: Rensselaer County
- 30th District: Saratoga and Washington counties
- 31st District: Montgomery, Schenectady and Schoharie counties
- 32nd District: Lewis, Fulton, Hamilton and Herkimer counties
- 33rd District: Clinton, Essex and Warren counties
- 34th District: Franklin and St. Lawrence counties
- 35th District: Jefferson and Oswego counties
- 36th District: Oneida County
- 37th District: Chenango, Madison and Otsego counties
- 38th District: Onondaga County
- 39th District: Broome and Delaware counties
- 40th District: Cayuga, Cortland and Seneca counties
- 41st District: Chemung, Schuyler, Tioga and Tompkins counties
- 42nd District: Ontario, Wayne and Yates counties
- 43rd District: Steuben and Livingston counties
- 44th District: Allegany, Genesee and Wyoming counties
- 45th and 46th District: Monroe County
- 47th District: Niagara and Orleans counties
- 48th, 49th and 50th District: Erie County
- 51st District: Cattaraugus and Chautauqua counties
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Salvatore A. Cotillo, John Knight, Ross Graves and Leonard W. H. Gibbs changed from the Assembly to the Senate.
Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."
|1st||George L. Thompson*||Republican||re-elected|
|2nd||Peter M. Daly||Democrat||resigned on October 11|
|3rd||Thomas H. Cullen*||Democrat||re-elected|
|4th||Charles C. Lockwood*||Republican||re-elected|
|5th||William J. Heffernan*||Democrat||re-elected|
|6th||Charles F. Murphy||Republican|
|7th||Daniel J. Carroll*||Democrat||re-elected|
|8th||Alvah W. Burlingame, Jr.*||Republican||re-elected|
|9th||Robert R. Lawson*||Republican||re-elected|
|10th||Alfred J. Gilchrist*||Republican||re-elected|
|14th||James A. Foley*||Democrat||re-elected|
|15th||John J. Boylan*||Democrat||re-elected|
|16th||Robert F. Wagner*||Democrat||re-elected; Minority Leader|
|17th||Ogden L. Mills*||Republican||re-elected; resigned on July 31, 1917 |
Chairman of Affairs of the City of New York
|19th||Edward J. Dowling||Democrat|
|20th||Salvatore A. Cotillo*||Democrat|
|21st||John J. Dunnigan*||Democrat||re-elected|
|22nd||John V. Sheridan||Democrat|
|24th||George A. Slater*||Republican||re-elected|
|25th||John D. Stivers*||Republican||re-elected|
|26th||James E. Towner*||Republican||re-elected|
|27th||Charles W. Walton*||Republican||re-elected|
|28th||Henry M. Sage*||Republican||re-elected|
|29th||George B. Wellington*||Republican||re-elected|
|30th||George H. Whitney*||Republican||re-elected|
|31st||James W. Yelverton||Republican|
|32nd||Theodore Douglas Robinson||Republican|
|33rd||James A. Emerson*||Republican||re-elected|
|34th||N. Monroe Marshall*||Republican||re-elected|
|35th||Elon R. Brown*||Republican||re-elected; re-elected Temporary President|
|36th||Charles W. Wicks*||Republican||re-elected|
|37th||Adon P. Brown||Republican|
|38th||J. Henry Walters*||Republican||re-elected|
|39th||William H. Hill*||Republican||re-elected|
|40th||Charles J. Hewitt*||Republican||re-elected|
|41st||Morris S. Halliday*||Republican||re-elected|
|42nd||William A. Carson||Republican|
|43rd||Charles D. Newton*||Republican||re-elected|
|45th||George F. Argetsinger*||Republican||re-elected|
|46th||John B. Mullan*||Republican||re-elected|
|47th||George F. Thompson*||Republican||re-elected|
|49th||Samuel J. Ramsperger*||Democrat||re-elected|
|50th||Leonard W. H. Gibbs*||Republican|
|51st||(George E. Spring)*||Republican||re-elected; did not attend the session |
and died on January 25, 1917
- Clerk: Ernest A. Fay
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Charles R. Hotaling
Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."
- For the exact boundaries of the senate districts see Manual for the Use of the Legislature (1921; pg. 549–560)
- For the number of assemblymen per county, and the exact boundaries of the Assembly districts, see Manual for the Use of the Legislature (1921; pg. 596–633)
- LEGISLATURE MEETS TO PASS FOOD ACT in NYT on August 1, 1917
- FOOD BILL WINS IN LEGISLATURE in NYT on August 25, 1917
- REJECTS PERKINS FOR FOOD BOARD in NYT on September 8, 1917
- PERKINS REJECTED; MITCHELL CHOSEN in NYT on October 3, 1917
- Journal of the Senate (140th Session) (1918; pg. 3f)
- MILLS QUITS STATE SENATE in NYT on August 1, 1917
- COMMITTEE ON CITY NAMED in NYT on January 11, 1917
- State Senator Spring Is Dying in NYT on January 6, 1917
- Mendelsohn claimed that Whitehorn was ineligible because he was not a resident of the 21st District. Whitehorn admitted that he resided in the 6th District of Kings County, but the Assembly Committee on the Judiciary rejected Mendelsohn's claim, upholding previous decisions in similar cases: while the voters were legally required to reside within the district where they vote, the candidates were not; see Whitehorn Keeps His Place in NYT on April 6, 1917
- Malcolm, James (1917). The New York Red Book. Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company. p. 203 – via Google Books.