|Full name||Zeng Cheng|
|Date of birth||8 January 1987|
|Place of birth||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|Height||1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|2005||→ Persebaya (loan)||25||(0)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 8 March 2019|
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 8 March 2019
Zeng Cheng started his football career at top tier side Wuhan Guanggu; however, he was soon loaned out to Indonesia Super League side Persebaya for more playing time at the beginning of the 2005 season. On his return to Wuhan, he would be allowed to make his league debut at the end of the league season on 5 November 2005 in a 1-1 draw against Shanghai Shenhua. For several seasons, Zeng would play understudy to Deng Xiaofei until Wuhan quit the league and were subsequently relegated in the 2008 season after the club's management did not accept the punishment given to them by the Chinese Football Association after a scuffle broke out during a league game against Beijing Guoan on 27 September 2008.
At the beginning of the 2009 season, Zeng transferred to another top tier side Henan Jianye where he established himself as the first-choice goalkeeper ahead of Zhou Yajun. The move turned out to be a big success and the club would finish in it highest ever position of third place in the league and qualify for the AFC Champions League for the first time in the club's history.
On 1 January 2013, along with Zhao Peng and Yi Teng, Zeng successfully transferred to two-time, back-to-back Chinese Super League champions Guangzhou Evergrande on a free transfer. During the 2013 season, Zeng established himself as Guangzhou's first-choice goalkeeper due to impressive displays which impressed manager Marcello Lippi. At the end of the season, Lippi credited Zeng as "one of Guangzhou's best buys." Zeng finished the 2013 season only conceding 16 goals and kept 13 clean sheets in 27 matches in the league. He was an important cog in what was considered absolute dominance by Guangzhou during the group and knockout stages of the AFC Champions League that season. On 9 November 2013, Zeng won the continental title with the club, winning the finals against FC Seoul in a two-legged tie which ended with them winning on away goals.
On 6 September 2016, Zeng suffered a rupture of posterior cruciate ligament in his left knee during a 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification match against Iran, ruling him out for the rest of the 2016 season. He played 23 league matches and kept 10 clean sheets in the 2016 season as he was awarded with the Chinese Football Association Goalkeeper of The Year award for the third time in November 2016.
Zeng's performances for Henan Jianye at the beginning of the 2009 season would see the Chinese national team manager Gao Hongbo call him up to the international set-up for the first time. He made his debut against Iran in a friendly which China won 1-0 on 1 June 2009. After that game, he would become the national team's second choice goalkeeper behind Yang Zhi and be included in the squad that won the 2010 East Asian Football Championship before being included in the 2011 AFC Asian Cup squad.
- As of 12 March 2019 
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Others||Total|
|Indonesia||League||Piala Indonesia||League Cup||Asia||Others||Total|
|2005||Persebaya||Indonesia Super League||25||0||0||0||-||6||0||-||31||0|
|China PR||League||FA Cup||CSL Cup||Asia||Others1||Total|
|2005||Wuhan Guanggu||Chinese Super League||1||0||0||0||0||0||-||-||1||0|
- Chinese Super League: 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
- AFC Champions League: 2013, 2015
- Chinese FA Cup: 2016
- Chinese FA Super Cup: 2016, 2017, 2018
- Chinese Football Association Goalkeeper of the Year: 2013, 2015, 2016
- Chinese Super League Team of the Year: 2013, 2015, 2016
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- "Wuhan ejected from soccer league – People's Daily Online". English.people.com.cn. 10 November 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "内托奥利萨德贝���双响炮 中超揭幕战河南2–1广州". sports.sina.com.cn. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
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- "曾诚、赵鹏、弋腾正式加盟广州恒大". gzevergrandefc.com. 1 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
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- "郜林补射绝杀高家军迎来首胜 中国队1–0胜伊朗". teamchina.sports.sohu.com. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "曾诚". sodasoccer (in Chinese).