|You Only Live Once|
|Directed by||Fritz Lang|
|Produced by||Walter Wanger|
|Based on||Thieves Like Us|
by Edward Anderson
|Music by||Alfred Newman|
|Edited by||Daniel Mandell|
Walter Wanger Productions, Inc.
|Distributed by||United Artists Corp.|
You Only Live Once is a 1937 American crime drama film directed by Fritz Lang and starring Sylvia Sidney and Henry Fonda. Considered an early film noir, the film was the second directed by Lang in the United States. At least 15 minutes were trimmed from the original 100-minute version of the film due to its then unprecedented violence. Despite the removal of such scenes, the film is widely considered an early film noir classic.
Eddie Taylor (Henry Fonda) is an ex-convict who feels he is reformed and deserves a break, but he expects he will not get one and, in spite of marrying Joan, the woman who waited for him and who always believes in him, it seems his expectations will be met. He has a steady job and he and Joan buy a house. He gets summarily fired, however, by a boss who seems all along as if he is just waiting for the chance to rid himself of a "jailbird". Eddie's old gang want him to join them in bank robberies, and he is tempted. Then, a bank job occurs during which six people are killed. Eddie is framed and subsequently wrongly convicted for the murders. He is sentenced to death by electrocution. On the eve of his execution date, a gun smuggled into the medical area in which he is being held enables him to escape.
As his escape is taking place, it becomes known to authorities that the bank vehicle containing the money, which had been driven from the robbery as part of the plan, has been recovered from a lake - with the body of the guilty bank robber/murderer inside. Eddie receives a last-minute pardon and the prison chaplain, who Eddie has always trusted, tries to convince him of this reprieve. Eddie is too bitter and disillusioned to accept he is a free man. Desperate to get out his way, he unintentionally kills the chaplain.
He and a pregnant Joan go on the lam, hoping to make it across the border to Mexico. They become infamous and are blamed for every crime in the areas they pass through. After the baby is born, Joan manages to meet her former employer, Stephen, the public defender, and her sister. The two have arranged for Joan to hop a boat to Havana with the baby and wait there while Stephen works to clear her name. She refuses to leave Eddie. As they continue their run, they are ambushed by the police.
- Sylvia Sidney as Joan "Jo" Graham
- Henry Fonda as Eddie Taylor
- Barton MacLane as Stephen Whitney
- Jean Dixon as Bonnie Graham
- William Gargan as Father Dolan
- Jerome Cowan as Dr. Hill
- Chic Sale as Ethan
- Margaret Hamilton as Hester
- Warren Hymer as Buggsy
- Guinn "Big Boy" Williams as Rogers
- John Wray as Warden Wheeler
- Walter De Palma as Monk Mendall
- Gonzalo Meroño as Richard Steward
The film recorded a loss of $48,045.
François Truffaut wrote the film "is about destiny and fate", explaining: "You Only Live Once is about interlocking forces: everything may seem to be going well, but the truth is, everything is going badly."
- "You Only Live Once". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p437
- Schager, Nick. "Please don't call Fritz Lang's fatalistic noir "YOLO"". Film.
- Fritz Lang at IMDb
- Justice, Christopher. "You Only Live Once".
- French, Philip (July 14, 2012). "You Only Live Once" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Truffaut, François (2014). The Films in My Life. New York, NY: Diversion Books. ISBN 978-1-62681-396-0.