亚东县 • གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང་།
Location of Yadong County (red) within Shigatse City (yellow) and the Tibet Autonomous Region
|Coordinates (Yadong County government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Province||Tibet Autonomous Region|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
Yadong County (Chinese: 亚东县), also transliterated from Tibetan as Chomo County (Tibetan: གྲོ་མོ་རྫོང༌།; Chinese: 卓木县 / 绰莫县; literally: 'deep ravine county'), is a frontier county and trade-market of Tibet Autonomous Region, China, situated in the mouth of the Chumbi valley near the China-India and China-Bhutan border. It lies in the middle part of Himalayas and the south of Tibet Autonomous Region, covering about 4,306 square kilometers with a population of 10,000. It is under the jurisdiction of Xigazê.
Local specialities include Dromo fish and barley wine while the main tourist sites are Donggar Monastery, Garju Monastery and Kangbu Hotspring. Yadong is connected to the Indian state of Sikkim via the Nathu La.
As part of the China Western Development strategy, the Chinese government planned to extend the Qinghai–Tibet Railway from Lhasa to Yadong near the Nathu La that marks the disputed China–India border.
According to the Convention of Calcutta of 1890–94 signed by Great Britain and Qing dynasty China, the market at Dromo was opened to India. At that time there was a wall-like structure across the valley's stream extending part way up each side of the valley thus blocking the road to the Tibetan capital, Lhasa. This was the demarcation line that British subjects were forbidden to cross and was manned by 20 Tibetan soldiers under a sergeant along with three Chinese officials. The construction of the wall was reported to be one of the incidents that led to the British invasion of Tibet in 1904. According to the resulting Treaty of Lhasa, a British trade-agent was to be stationed at Yadong.
Towns and townships
- Xarsingma Town (ཤར་གསིང་མ་, 下司马镇)
- Pagri Town (ཕག་རི་, 帕里镇)
- Gêrru Township (སྒེར་རུ་, 吉汝乡)
- Gambu Township (ཁམ་བུ་, 康布乡)
- Rübunggang Township (རུད་སྲུངས་སྒང་, 上亚东乡)
- Düna Township (དུད་སྣ་, 堆纳乡)
- Xiadromo Township (གྲོ་མོ་སྨད་, 下亚东乡)
- Buckley, Michael and Strauss, Robert. Tibet: a travel survival kit, p. 163. (1986) Lonely Planet Publications, Victoria, Australia. ISBN 0-908086-88-1.
- Extension plans. Retrieved June 28, 2006
- Sandberg, Graham. An Itinerary of the Route from Sikkim to Lhasa. Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press. p. 7.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yatung". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 908.