Location within Shanghai
|Coordinates: Coordinates: Yangpu government|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• District Governor||Jin Xinming (CCP)|
|• Total||60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)|
|• Density||22,000/km2 (56,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
|Literal meaning||Poplar Bank District|
|Literal meaning||Poplar Tree Bank|
Yangpu District is one of the 16 districts of Shanghai. It is located in northeastern part of downtown Shanghai, bordering the Huangpu River on the east and south, Hongkou District on the west, and Baoshan District on the north. The southern part of Yangpu District is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the Bund, a major tourist attraction. It is predominantly composed of residential communities, with a total area of 60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi) and a population of 1.313 million as of 2010. The whole district is divided administratively into 11 resident subdistricts and 1 town.
The name Yangshupu, formerly romanized as Yangtzepoo or Yangtszepoo, is Chinese for "poplar bank" and refers to the creek (t 楊樹浦河, s 杨树浦河, p Yángshùpǔ Hé) running through the area beside present-day Lanzhou Rd (formerly Lay Road) from the Qiu River in the north to the Huangpu River in the south. The Shanghai Municipal Government contracted the name to Yangpu in 1949.
As with most of modern Shanghai, the territory of Yangpu has been formed by sediments deposited by the Yangtze River over many centuries. It was probably in the shallows of the East China Sea as late as the Tang Dynasty. During the Northern Song, the Wuyu River (吴淤江) entered the sea somewhere around modern Wujiaochang (五角场). Daoist and Buddhist temples are known to have been established in the vicinity around this time. In 1404, the Huangpu River shifted to its present course, entering the Yangtze River around Wusong. Toward the end of the Ming Dynasty, villages along the river flourished, engaging in agriculture, banking, textiles and water-borne trade.
In 1842, the Treaty of Nanking opened Shanghai as a treaty port. In 1899, 10.89 km2 (4.20 sq mi) of what is now the south of modern Yangpu District was partitioned to become part of the International Settlement. Factories were constructed soon after in the area, especially along Yangshupu Road. Textile, paper-making, and shipbuilding industries were established by the early 20th century in what was then organized as part of Hongkew (now Hongkou). In 1929, the Wujiaochang farmers' market ("Pentagon Plaza") was constructed in the north. Later, during the Japanese occupation from 1937 to 1945, barracks and houses were built in the area. The inland part of the former International Settlement in the area made up part of the Shanghai Ghetto. In December 1944, Yangshupu District was established with an area of 7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi).
Following the Communist conquest of Shanghai in 1949, the area was developed and, over the next few decades, a number of neighboring districts were abolished and annexed to Yangpu. The area was especially used for heavy industries. The district's present territory west of the river was formed after the incorporation of Wujiaochang District from Baoshan County in 1984. In 1993, Yangpu's territories east of the Huangpu River were designated part of the Pudong New District.
Situated in northern Yangpu District are three of China's top tier universities, Fudan University, Tongji University, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology as well as the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, Yangpu District has increasingly developed away from labor-intensive industry towards commerce and high technology: the area around Wujiaochang now boast ten large commercial centers and the research and development zone on Dalian Road hosts the regional headquarters of Siemens and Continental AG.
Subdistricts and town
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Shanghainese Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Dinghai Road Subdistrict||定海路街道||Dìnghǎilù Jiēdào||din he lu ka do||100,480||6.25|
|Pingliang Road Subdistrict||平凉路街道||Píngliánglù Jiēdào||bin lian lu ka do||85,870||3.41|
|Jiangpu Road Subdistrict||江浦路街道||Jiāngpǔlù Jiēdào||kaon phu lu ka do||95,382||2.39|
|Siping Road Subdistrict||四平路街道||Sìpínglù Jiēdào||sy bin lu ka do||92,505||2.64|
|Kongjiang Subdistrict||控江路街道||Kòngjiānglù Jiēdào||khon cian kaon lu ka do||105,613||2.15|
|Changbai Xincun Subdistrict||长白新村街道||Chángbái Xīncūn Jiēdào||tzan baq sin tsen ka do||70,195||3.05|
|Yanji Xincun Subdistrict||延吉新村街道||Yánjí Xīncūn Jiēdào||yi ciq sin tsen ka do||90,334||2.04|
|Yinhang Subdistrict||殷行街道||Yīnháng Jiēdào||in raon ka do||192,554||9.52|
|Daqiao Subdistrict||大桥街道||Dàqiáo Jiēdào||da djio ka do||124,954||4.41|
|Wujiaochang Subdistrict||五角场街道||Wǔjiǎochǎng Jiēdào||ng koq dzan ka do||149,090||7.66|
|Xinjiangwancheng Subdistrict||新江湾城街道||Xīnjiāngwānchéng Jiēdào||sin kaon ue zen ka do||27,251||8.68|
|Wujiaochang town||五角场镇||Wǔjiǎochǎng Zhèn||ng koq dzan tzen||178,994||8.77|
Yangpu District is connected to the neighbouring Pudong New Area across the Huangpu River by one bridge, three tunnels, and six ferry lines. These include the Yangpu Bridge, the Xiangyin Road Tunnel, the Dalian Road Tunnel, and the Jungong Road Tunnel. A fourth tunnel, the Yinhang Road Tunnel is currently under construction.
The Inner Ring Road and Middle Ring Road traverse through Yangpu District.
The industrial wharves along the Huangpu River which service the industrial centres of Yangpu are being phased out by residential developments on the waterfront. Yangpu District has 15.5 kilometers of bank along Huangpu River, which is the longest among all districts in Puxi. As of July 2019, 5.5 kilometers of jogging and cycling lane has been built along the bank.
Yangpu is currently served and/or under construction by six metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro, metro lines and/or metro stations which are in accompany with "*" mean they are currently under construction:
- Line 3 - Jiangwan Town
- Line 4 - Dalian Road , Yangshupu Road
- Line 8 - Shiguang Road, Nenjiang Road, Xiangyin Road, Huangxing Park, Middle Yanji Road, Huangxing Road, Jiangpu Road *, Anshan Xincun, Siping Road
- Line 10 - Siping Road Tongji University, Guoquan Road *, Wujiaochang, Jiangwan Stadium, Sanmen Road, East Yingao Road, Xinjiangwancheng, Guofan Road*
- Line 12 - Dalian Road , Jiangpu Park *, Ningguo Road, Longchang Road, Aiguo Road, Fuxing Island
- Line 18 - Danyang Road*, Pingliang Road*, Jiangpu Park* , Jiangpu Road* , Fushun Road*, Guoquan Road* , Fudan University*, Zhengli Road*
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