Yadkin River in Elkin
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Yadkin River|
|• Total||338 sq mi (880 km2)|
|• Land||335 sq mi (870 km2)|
|• Water||2.7 sq mi (7 km2) 0.8%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||115/sq mi (44/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Yadkin County is located in the Piedmont region of central North Carolina. The Piedmont consists of rolling farmlands frequently broken by hills or valleys formed by streams. The extreme western section of the county contains the Brushy Mountains, a deeply eroded spur of the much higher Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. Yadkin County marks the eastern end of the Brushy Mountains range; none of the peaks rise more than 400–500 feet above the surrounding countryside. The highest point in the county is Star Peak near Jonesville, at 1,590 feet above sea level.
The Yadkin River forms the county's northern and eastern borders. The county takes its name from the river.
- Surry County – north
- Forsyth County – east
- Davie County – south-southeast
- Iredell County – south-southwest
- Wilkes County – west
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 36,348 people, 14,505 households, and 10,588 families residing in the county. The population density was 108 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 15,821 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.54% White, 3.43% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.91% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 6.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 14,505 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,660, and the median income for a family was $43,758. Males had a median income of $29,589 versus $22,599 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,576. About 7.10% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 17.40% of those age 65 or over.
These towns were incorporated at one time:
- Arlington, merged with Jonesville in 2001.
- Hamptonville, chartered in 1818.
- Huntsville, incorporated in 1792.
- Shore, incorporated from 1903 to 1911.
- Smithtown, incorporated in 1924.
- Little Yadkin (formerly the only part of Yadkin County east of the Yadkin River), annexed by Forsyth County in 1911 and 1927 to become part of Lewisville Township
Politics, law and government
Owing to its Quaker past and consequent historical Unionist sympathies, Yadkin County became and has always remained solidly Republican. The county has voted for the Republican presidential nominee in every election since that party first contested North Carolina in the 1868 election, being alongside Stokes County and Surry County one of only three North Carolina counties to remain loyal to William Howard Taft in 1912, and one of seven to vote for Alf Landon in 1936. Even before the Republican Party contested the South, Yadkin County never voted Democratic: it voted for Constitutional Union candidate John Bell in 1860, for Know-Nothing candidate Millard Fillmore in 1856, and for the Whig Party in its first election of 1852.
Yadkin County is a member of the regional Northwest Piedmont Council of Governments. It is governed by a five-member board of commissioners who are elected every two years. In the North Carolina Senate, Yadkin County is located in the 31st Senate District represented by Republican Joyce Krawiec. In the North Carolina House of Representatives, Yadkin County is in the 73rd District represented by Republican Lee Zachary.
Yadkin County has three high schools, Forbush, Starmount, and the Yadkin Early College.
The Yadkin Early College is a five-year program where high school and college courses are offered on the Yadkin campus of Surry Community College. Students get the opportunity to earn their high school diploma and an associate degree in nursing, criminal justice, or a transfer degree to a four-year university.
The high schools are fed by eight elementary schools, which teach kindergarten through sixth grades. The eight elementary schools are Boonville, Courtney, East Bend, Fall Creek, Forbush, Jonesville, West Yadkin and Yadkinville.
The school system also operates Yadkin Success Academy, an alternative learning center on Old U.S. 421 in Yadkinville.
Yadkin County opened two new middle schools in 2009. Starmount Middle School opened in August and serves seventh and eighth grade students from Jonesville, Boonville, and West Yadkin Elementary Schools. Forbush Middle opened in November and serves East Bend, Forbush Elementary, Fall Creek, Courtney, and Yadkinville Schools. Both campuses are adjacent to the high schools.
Two major four-lane highways serve Yadkin County. Interstate 77 runs north to south in the western part of the county and U.S. Highway 421 runs east to west. The two highways intersect near Hamptonville. The county also is served by U.S. Highway 21, which runs mostly parallel with I-77, and U.S. Highway 601, which runs through Yadkinville and Boonville. North Carolina Highway 67 is another popular artery that links the northern part of the county with Jonesville-Elkin and Winston-Salem.
Commercial flights are available through Piedmont Triad International Airport and Charlotte Douglas International Airport. Two private airports are located in the county, Swan Creek near Jonesville and Lone Hickory near Yadkinville. One additional airport is located in Boonville on Baptist Church Road. It recently housed NC Baptist Hospital's AirCare II during a transitional period.
Beginning in 2006, the Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation (PART) began offering limited bus service between Boone, North Carolina and Greensboro, North Carolina as part of its US 421 Mountaineer Express. The buses make stops east and west in Yadkinville.
Yadkin Valley Economic Development District Inc. (YVEDDI), a community action agency based in Boonville, operates a multi-county rural public transportation system.
Yadkin Valley wine region
All of Yadkin County is included in the Yadkin Valley AVA, an American Viticultural Area recognized by the United States government as a unique grape-growing region. Wines made from grapes grown in this area may use the appellation "Yadkin Valley" on the label. Yadkin County is also home to the second North Carolina AVA, the Swan Creek Wine Region.
Yadkin County is covered by two community newspapers, The Yadkin Ripple and The Tribune of Elkin. The Winston-Salem Journal, a larger daily paper, also covers the county. Yadkin Valley Living, a bimonthly lifestyles publication, is based in East Bend.
- Leo Arnaud, French-born film composer
- Thomas Lanier Clingman, U.S. senator and representative and Confederate brigadier general
- William "Mo" Cowan, U.S. senator for Massachusetts in 2013
- Mamrie Hart, YouTube celebrity
- Dickie Hemric, basketball star for Wake Forest and the Boston Celtics
- Richmond Mumford Pearson, North Carolina Supreme Court chief justice, and his son, Richmond Pearson, a diplomat and U.S. representative
- Richard Clauselle Puryear, U.S. congressman
- Ernie Shore, a Major League baseball pitcher and former Forsyth County sheriff
- Robert Glenn Junior Johnson, NASCAR Hall of Fame driver and champion team owner
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
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- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
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- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
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- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- The Heritage of Yadkin County, Frances Harding Casstevens, editor, Page 9
- "The formation of the North Carolina counties, 1663-1943".
- Auman, William T. and Scarboro, David D.; ‘The Heroes of America in Civil War North Carolina’, The North Carolina Historical Review, volume. 58, no. 4 (October, 1981), pp. 327-363
- Auman, William T. (2013). Civil War in the North Carolina Quaker Belt: The Confederate Campaign Against Peace Agitators, Deserters and Draft Dodgers. McFarland. pp. 11, 66-68. ISBN 978-0-7864-7663-3.
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- "Off-Campus Centers". Surry Community College site. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- Piedmont Regional Transportation Authority Website Archived 2007-06-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Geographic data related to Yadkin County, North Carolina at OpenStreetMap
- Yadkin Valley Chamber of Commerce, based in Elkin
- Yadkin County Chamber of Commerce, based in Yadkinville
- Yadkin County government official website
- Yadkin County Schools
- Yadkin Valley Wineries and Vineyards