Woodside War Memorial on Woodside Green
|Population||16,743 (2011 Census Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Woodside is an area in south London, in the London Borough of Croydon and the historic county of Surrey. It is between Addiscombe and South Norwood. It is located south of South Norwood, west of Shirley and Monks Orchard, north of Addiscombe, and east of Selhurst.
Woodside was first mentioned in 1332, and is thought to signify its location adjacent to the Great North Wood, a formerly extensive forest which gives its name to the various 'Norwoods' in the area.
Woodside was historically largely agricultural land, but its heavy soil made farming difficult; local farmer William Marshall published details of his efforts in this regard in the 1780s. However the clayey soil did enable a brick-making industry to form in the area by the 1850s. A small settlement centred on Woodside Green had already sprouted up by the early 19th century. Handley's brickworks' chimneys dominated the area, their hooter being heard all over the locality at lunchtime to signify the start and finish of the rest period. Handley's was later sold to Hall & Co, who were subsequently taken over by Ready Mixed Concrete, before the brick factories closed altogether in 1974. There were two other brickyards in the group - at Newdigate and Ashford - with the managing director Jack Milsted also being Founder Chairman of Croydon Amateurs FC from 1953 until 1990, when the club was renamed as Croydon FC. After the factories closed the site was turned into Brickfields Meadow, a park containing woods and a lake.
Croydon Racecourse opened in 1866 on nearby Stroud Green Farm abutting Monks Orchard (now the site of Ashburton Community School and Ashburton Playing Fields), prompting the opening of a railway station in 1871, though the racecourse closed in 1890.
In 1871, the Ecclesiastical Commissioners granted 'copyhold' to the Croydon Local Board of Health for Woodside Green upon condition that it should be appropriated by the Board:
- "to be forever kept as an open space and used as, and for, a place of recreation for the use of inhabitants of the parish of Croydon and of the neighbourhood and for no other purpose".
Four months later, the Commissioners, passed the freehold of the land to the board "freed from all incidents whatsoever of copyhold or customary tenure to be held and used for the purpose of public walks, recreation or pleasure grounds only". The area has been used by the Local Board of Health and its successors ever since.
In 1924 Croydon Council purchased a mansion in the area, tearing it down and replacing turning its grounds into a public park (Ashburton Park). An extension of the house as kept and converted into a library, however the library moved to a new site in 2006 and the building has since fallen into disrepair.
Woodside is a nowadays a suburban district of residential streets based around Woodside Green, a 4.75 acres (1.92 ha) triangular green. At one end of the green is a war memorial. It is surrounded by residential properties, with the main shopping parade at one end. Portland Road, an important distributor road, leads away from the green towards South Norwood, and has many more shops, restaurants, pubs and a swimming pool. The green still has a somewhat villagey feel with, several old houses and cottages around it. Housing is largely Victorian terraces or more recent developments of small flats. There is one pub in the immediate area - the Joiner's Arms. Another pub - The Beehive - closed in 2017.
Woodside is part of the electoral ward of Woodside, one of 28 wards in the London Borough of Croydon. The ward covers a wider area than Woodside proper, reaching up to Norwood Junction railway station and including South Norwood Country Park. The area identifying primarily as 'Woodside' has gradually shrunk, with most living within the SE25 postcode now terming themselves 'South Norwood'.
Woodside formerly had its own railway station, opened in 1871 and served by the Woodside and South Croydon Railway, however this closed in 1997 after a long period of decline. The station stood where the tram stop now is, and part of the old disused track-bed was turned into Addiscombe Railway Park.
St's Luke's Church, built in 1870 with modifications in 1949, now a grade II listed building
- "Croydon Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- Willey, Russ. Chambers London Gazetteer, p 565-6
- "Woodside Green: History" (PDF). www.croydon.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Winterman, M.A. (1988). Croydon's Parks: An illustrated history. London Borough of Croydon, Parks and Recreation Department. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0951348108.
- "Friends of Ashburton Park". Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- NLA - New London Architecture - Ashburton Learning Village Archived 7 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Kelly visits Croydons 25 million flagship building Archived 29 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 176 West London (Rickmansworth & Staines) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2012. ISBN 9780319232118.
- "Woodside Green: Park". www.croydon.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Historic England. "Woodside War Memorial (1442666)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- FancyaPint? review of The Joiner's Arms
- "Plans to reopen Croydon pub announced as developer wants to build flats on its car park". Croydon Advertiser. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- "Station Name: Woodside". Disused Stations. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- Historic England. "St Luke's Church (1079281)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- Canning and Clyde Road Residents Association and Friends. (2000) The Book of Addiscombe, Halsgrove.