William de Bois Maclaren
Director of Rubber Estate Agency
William Frederick McLaren
17 November 1856
|Died||3 June 1921(aged 64)|
|Known for||Donation of Gilwell Park to The Scout Association|
William Frederick de Bois Maclaren (17 November 1856 – 3 June 1921) was publisher, businessman and Scout Commissioner for Rosneath, Dunbartonshire, Scotland. He is most recognized as the first major benefactor of Scouting by donating Gilwell Park in 1919.
Publisher, expert in rubber
William Frederick de Bois Maclaren was born on 17 November 1856, in Blythswood, Glasgow in Scotland, as the son of Walter Gray McLaren (Master Printer, sometimes misspelt as painter) and Caroline Amelia De Bois, from France. He had an elder sister Margaret Ann Aitken McLaren (born 25 April 1855), and younger brothers Walter Gray (born 14 April 1858, attended Glasgow University, ordained 1885 in New Zealand where he lived until 1903, died 1916 in Glasgow), Charles (born 19 November 1859) and John (born 28 June 1861).
By the beginning of the 20th century, Maclaren and Frank Copeman were sole partners of Maclaren & Sons Ltd, 37–38 Shoe Lane, London, in the Fleet Street neighbourhood, who were publishers or publishers' agents of industrial books and magazines, such as The Brick and Pottery Trades Journal, and Ceylon Observer, and publishers of household titles, under the name of The British Baker, such as All About Pastries. One of their periodicals was the India Rubber Journal, the leading publication for the flourishing rubber industry in the beginning of the 20th century, with Sir Herbert Wright as editor for the period 1907–1917. Copeman and Maclaren founded in 1906 the Rubber Estate Agency. It was the first UK company for the specific purpose of financing the acquisition of rubber estates and of acting as secretaries and agents of rubber and other plantation companies. With this expertise in the rubber industry, Maclaren wrote and published The Rubber Tree Book (Maclaren and Sons, London, 1913, 384 pages), about technology and business administration of rubber plantations. In 1919, the Rubber Estate Agency was sold to the Belgium company Societé Internationale de Plantations et de Finance (SIPEF). The R.E.A. company still exists, and was worth approximately GBP 37 million in 2010.
Maclaren wrote several other books including Climbs and Changes, Chuckles from a Cheery Corner, and Word Pictures of War (a book of poetry based on experiences of the First World War, published by Methuen, London, in 1917). He died on 3 June 1921. Posthumously in 1922, his Child's Song-Story Book was published for private circulation by Blackie & Son, Glasgow.
On the recommendation of P.B. Nevill, acting on behalf of Baden-Powell, Maclaren purchased the 53 acre Gilwell Hall estate near Epping Forest near the town of Chingford for GBP 7,000, and presented it as Gilwell Park to the Scout Association in July 1919. For reference, the GBP 7,000 in 1919 equals GBP 1 million in 2010 value. Maclaren also paid another GBP 3,000 to help put the White House into good repair, as the place had been abandoned for the previous 14 years and was virtually derelict. When Gilwell Park was officially opened on 26 July 1919 Mrs Maclaren cut ribbons in Scout colours (green and yellow) that were hung across the doorway to the White House to mark the opening. Baden-Powell then presented Maclaren with the Silver Wolf as a sign of the great debt that the Movement owed to him.
In Maclaren's honour the Gilwell staff wore the Maclaren neckerchief, made of Maclaren tartan. However to reduce the expense, a scarf of dove grey cloth (the colour of humility) with a warm red lining (to signify warmth of feeling) was substituted with only a patch of Maclaren tartan on the point of the scarf and worn by those passing the Gilwell practical course. In 1924 use of the scarf became restricted to Wood Badge holders only. Today the scarf is more the earth tone colour beige than grey.
- "Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564–1950 for William Frederick Mc Laren (reference C11927-1)", Family Search, retrieved 6 January 2012
- "The Gilwell Scarf and Woggle". 1st Gilwell Park Scout Group. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- 1881 to 1890 Photographic Database, Aotearoa, New Zealand: Archive research centre of Presbyterian Church, retrieved 6 January 2012
- McLachlan to McLennan, Aotearoa, New Zealand: Archive research centre of Presbyterian Church, retrieved 6 January 2012
- "The promotion of foreign commerce in Europe and the United States", Miscellaneous series, United States Bureau of Manufacturers, 1907
- "Year Book 1916" (PDF). Northumberland Avenue, London: Royal Colonial Institute. 1916. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- Harris, H.G. and S.P. Borella (c. 1910), "All About Pastries", All About Confectionery Series, 37 & 38 Shoe Lane, London: The British Baker, Maclaren & Sons LtdCS1 maint: location (link)
- "Wright, Sir Herbert (1874–1940) (reference GB 98 B/WRIGHT)". Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- Records, 1909–1932, of Serdang Central Plantations Ltd, comprising Articles of Association, correspondence, annual reports and agreements relating to the voluntary liquidation and reconstruction. British Record Association. 15 May 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "1906 – 1910 Origins of the business". R.E.A. Holding plc. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "Devoted to sustainable agriculture". Societé Internationale de Plantations et de Finance (SIPEF). Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Annual report in respect of 2010" (PDF). REA Finance B.V. 31 December 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "Gallipoli (poem)", These were the men. Poems of the war. 1914–1918, London, Edinburgh, New york: Marshall Brothers Ltd, p. 74, retrieved 5 January 2012 Could also be attributed to WFEdB Maclaren.
- "Index for Child's Song-Story book". Toronto: Toronto Public Library. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "Five Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.K. Pound Amount, 1830 to Present". Measuring Worth. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- THE CHILD'S SONG-STORY BOOK, including previously unpublished photographs