The Duke of Manchester
William, Duke of Manchester, c. 1910
|Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard|
18 December 1905 – 20 April 1907
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|Preceded by||The Earl Waldegrave|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Allendale|
|Born||3 March 1877|
|Died||9 February 1947 (aged 69)|
Seaford, East Sussex, England
(m. 1900; div. 1931)
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester PC (3 March 1877 – 9 February 1947), styled Lord Kimbolton from 1877 to 1890 and Viscount Mandeville from 1890 to 1892, was a British peer and Liberal politician. He served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1905 to 1907 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
Manchester was born on 3 March 1877 as William Angus Drogo Montagu. He was the only son of George Montagu, 8th Duke of Manchester, by his wife Consuelo Yznaga del Valle, a Cuban American heiress. His sisters were Lady Jacqueline Mary Alva Montagu and Lady Alice Eleanor Louise Montagu, who both died unmarried.
His paternal grandparents were William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester and the former Countess Louisa von Alten. After his grandfather's death in 1890, his grandmother remarried to Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, and was referred to as the "Double Duchess". His maternal grandfather was Don Antonio Yznaga del Valle. Among his maternal relatives was aunt Naticia Yznaga (wife of Sir John Lister-Kaye, 3rd Baronet), and uncle Fernando Yznaga (husband of Jennie Smith, sister of Alva Smith Vanderbilt Belmont).
Manchester succeeded his father in the dukedom in 1892 at the age of fifteen, and took his seat on the Liberal benches in the House of Lords in June 1902. When the Liberals came to power in December 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, he was appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard. He retained this post until April 1907, but never held ministerial office again. Apart from his political career he also achieved the rank of Captain in the Lancashire Fusiliers.
Manchester was a notorious spendthrift, and as a result of the excessive spending of both him and the prior two Dukes, the family's fortune (already low) was completely exhausted, culminating in the sale of the family's lands during the tenure of the tenth Duke. He spent much of his life abroad, evading creditors, seeking out wealthy consorts, and attempting to extract money from wealthy acquaintances. He is perhaps most well known in America from the leading case of Hamilton v. Drogo, 150 N.E. 496 (N.Y. 1926), which concerned the establishment of a spendthrift trust for the benefit of the young Duke.
On 14 November 1900, Manchester was married to Helena Zimmerman in London. She was the daughter of Eugene Zimmerman of Cincinnati, Ohio, a railroad president and major stockholder in Standard Oil. The marriage was secret and his mother, Consuelo, was appalled by it. Together, they had four children:
- Lady Mary Alice Montagu (1901–1962), who married Fendall Littlepage Gregory in 1949.
- Alexander George Francis Drogo Montagu, 10th Duke of Manchester.
- Lord Edward Eugene Fernando Montagu (1906–1954/1956), who married Norah Macfarlane Potter, daughter of Albert Edward Potter of Ontario, Canada in 1929. They divorced in 1937 and he married Dorothy Vera Peters in 1937. They divorced in 1947 and he married, thirdly, Martha Mathews Hatton Bowen in 1947. After her death in 1951, he married portrait painter Cora Kellie, Baroness Kelly, in 1952. His fifth marriage was to Roberta Herold Joughlin in 1953.
- Lady Ellen Millicent Louise Montagu (1908–1948), who married to Herman Martin Hofer in 1936. They divorced in 1944 and she married John Norman Shairp in 1945.
The Duke and Duchess of Manchester divorced in December 1931. On 17 December 1931 Manchester married stage actress Kathleen Dawes, daughter of W. H. Dawes, a West End theatrical manager who was from Greenwich, Connecticut. There were no children from this marriage.
|Ancestors of William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester|
- "LORD MANDEVILLE'S WEDDING.;". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2015., Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Manchester, Duke of (GB, 1719)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "MARRIAGE OF SIR JOHN LISTER KAYE" (PDF). The New York Times. 6 December 1881. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "FERNANDO YZNAGA DEAD; Stricken with Diphtheria, He Died at the Minturn Hospital. Friend and Brother-in-Law of William K. Vanderbilt -- His Second Marriage -- Business Career" (PDF). The New York Times. 7 March 1901. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "Alva Erskine Belmont (Smith)"., Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Manchester, William Angus Drogo, Duke of (MNCR894WA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Parliament - House of Lords". The Times (36802). London. 24 June 1902. p. 6.
- "DUKE OF MANCHESTER BANKRUPT; Petitions to the Court Included One from Himself". The New York Times. 30 August 1900. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- David Cannadine, The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy, 403 (1990)
- "WILL OF DUCHESS IN COURT; Justice Here Asked to Construe Terms of Manchester Trust". The New York Times. 19 June 1929. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "DUKE OF MANCHESTER WEDS MISS ZIMMERMAN; Married to Daughter of Cincinnati Railway Man Nov. 14. RELATIVES NOT NOTIFIED Dowager Duchess Did Not Credit Re- port Until Examination of Register of London Church Convinced Her It Was True" (PDF). The New York Times. 20 November 1900. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- TIMES, Wireless to THE NEW YORK (8 December 1931). "DUKE OF MANCHESTER DIVORCE IS NOW FINAL; London Decree Made Absolute-- Duke Reported Planning to Marry Actress Here" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Times, Special to The New York (18 December 1931). "MANCHESTER WED IN CIVIL CEREMONY; Duke and Kathleen Dawes Are Annoyed by Crowds and Cameras at Greenwich. JUDGE RUNGEE OFFICIATES Bride and Bridegroom Are Guests at Dinner Here of Earl and Countess of Gosford. Duke Makes Protest. Dined by Duke's Cousin" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
The Earl Waldegrave
| Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
The Lord Allendale
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Duke of Manchester
Alexander George Francis
- Media related to William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester at Wikimedia Commons