William Hutton, about 1780
|Died||20 September 1815(aged 91)|
|Known for||Historian of Birmingham and Derby|
|An History of Birmingham|
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Cock (1755–?)|
William Hutton (30 September 1723 – 20 September 1815) was an English poet and historian. Originally from Derby, he moved to Birmingham and became the first significant historian of the city, publishing his History of Birmingham in 1781.
A Unitarian nonconformist born in Derby, William Hutton went to school when five years old. Aged seven years he was employed in a Derby Silk Mill on a seven-year apprenticeship. In 1737 he took a second apprenticeship as a stocking maker in Nottingham under his uncle. In 1746, after his uncle had died, he taught himself bookbinding, and three years later opened a shop in Southwell, Nottinghamshire. This was not successful and he moved to Birmingham in 1750 and opened a small bookshop.
In 1756, Hutton opened a paper warehouse – the first in Birmingham – which became profitable. He built a country house on Bennetts Hill in Washwood Heath, and bought a house in High Street. He published his History of Birmingham in 1782 and was also elected as Fellow of the Antiquarian Society of Scotland (F. A. S. S.). He was elected overseer of the poor, and in 1787, to the Court of Requests, a small claims court for 19 years, handling over 100,000 claims.
Both Hutton's houses were destroyed in the Birmingham Riots in 1791 (the Priestley Riots) leading to his historical account in Narrative of the riots. He managed to recover £5,390 in a claim for damages against the town.
William Hutton is generally held to be the first person in modern times to walk the entire length of Hadrian's Wall, producing an account of his 1801 journey in The History of the Roman Wall. Walking 600 miles from his Birmingham home, along the wall, and back home again, he wrote in the preface, "I have given a short sketch of my approach to this famous Bulwark; have described it as it appears in the present day, and stated my return. Perhaps, I am the first man that ever traveled the whole length of this Wall, and probably the last that will ever attempt it ...".
Hutton completed his autobiography The life of William Hutton just before his death in 1815. He is commemorated by a blue plaque on Waterstone's bookshop on High Street, near the start of New Street, Birmingham and as a Bas relief on Derby's Exeter Bridge close to the Mill where he did his apprenticeship. A memorial exists in St Margaret's Church, Ward End.
- An History of Birmingham (1781)
- Journey to London (1784)
- Courts of requests (1787)
- Battle of Bosworth field (1788)
- History of Blackpool (1788)
- A dissertation on juries with a description of the Hundred Court (1788)
- History of the Hundred Courts (1790)
- History of Derby (1791)
- The Barbers, a poem (1793)
- Edgar and Elfrida, a poem (1793)
- The History of the Roman Wall (1802)
- Remarks upon North Wales (1803)
- Tour to Scarborough (1803)
- Poems, chiefly tales (1804)
- Trip to Coatham (1808)
- The Life of William Hutton, F.A.S.S. including a particular account of the riots of Birmingham in 1791, and the history of his family, written by himself, and published by his daughter, Catherine Hutton (1816)
- The Life of William Hutton, Stationer, of Birmingham, and the history of his family, written by himself (1841) 
- "Hutton, William, F.A.S. Edin.". Biographical Dictionary of the Living Authors of Great Britain and Ireland. 1816. p. 171.
- Mitchell, Rosemary (2004). "Hutton, Catherine (1756–1846)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Breeze 2006:16.
- Hutton, William (1802). The History of the Roman Wall. London: John Nicols and Son.
- Hutton, William (1723-1815). Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900.
- "William Hutton". UK: Art UK. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- Literary Heritage West Midlands
- Chambers' Book of Days
- Breeze, D.J. (2006) J. Collingwood Bruce's Handbook to the Roman Wall (Newcastle)
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Hutton (historian).|
- Works by William Hutton at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about William Hutton at Internet Archive
- The life of William Hutton at archive.org
- Literary Heritage West Midlands - link to text of The life of William Hutton, his autobiography and history of Birmingham
- An History of Birmingham (1783) by William Hutton at Project Gutenberg
- The History of the Roman Wall (1802) by William Hutton on Wikisource