|Secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus|
March 4, 1911 – March 4, 1913
|Leader||Thomas S. Martin|
|Preceded by||Robert Latham Owen|
|Succeeded by||Willard Saulsbury Jr.|
|United States Senator|
from West Virginia
March 4, 1911 – March 4, 1917
|Preceded by||Nathan B. Scott|
|Succeeded by||Howard Sutherland|
|Secretary of State of West Virginia|
March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
|Governor||William A. MacCorkle|
|Succeeded by||William M. O. Dawson|
William Edwin Chilton
March 17, 1858
Colesmouth, Virginia, U.S. (now St. Albans, West Virginia)
|Died||November 7, 1939 (aged 81)|
Charleston, West Virginia, U.S.
|Education||Shelton College (BA)|
William Edwin Chilton (March 17, 1858 – November 7, 1939) was a United States Senator from West Virginia. Born in Colesmouth, Virginia (now St. Albans, West Virginia), he attended public and private schools and graduated from Shelton College in St. Albans. He taught school, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1880, commencing practice in Charleston, West Virginia in 1882. He also engaged in the newspaper publishing business, and was prosecuting attorney of Kanawha County in 1883. In 1892 he was chairman of the Democratic State executive committee and was Secretary of State of West Virginia from 1893 to 1897.
Chilton was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1911, to March 3, 1917; while in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Census (Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Congresses) and of the Committee on Printing (Sixty-fourth Congress), and also served on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Chilton's bid for reelection in 1916 failed; he unsuccessfully contested the election of his opponent, Howard Sutherland.
After Chilton's term in the Senate, he resumed the practice of law and the newspaper publishing business in Charleston. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Senate in 1924 and again in 1934. He died in Charleston in 1939; interment was in Teay's Hill Cemetery, St. Albans.
Chilton didn't use a suffix in his lifetime but was technically William Edwin Chilton Jr., as his parents were William Edwin Chilton (1827-1881) and Mary Elizabeth Wilson Chilton (1831-1918).
On December 19, 1892, he married Mary Louise Tarr (1866-1953) in Washington, D.C. They had four children:
- William Edwin Chilton III (1893-1950); because his father never used a suffix, this William was known as William Edwin Chilton Jr.; on June 19, 1920 in Kingston, New York, he married Louise Burt Schoonmaker (1899-1928).
- William Edwin Chilton IV (1921-1987); typically referred to as William III.
- Mary Carroll Chilton (1925-1971); married to and divorced from Park Vassar Chapman (1924-1994), a First Lieutenant in the United States Army during World War II and descendant of Matthew Vassar, founder of Vassar College; married secondly James Abbot.
- Robert Laurent Chapman (1948-
- Park Vassar Chapman Jr. (1953-
- Carroll Louise Chapman
- Alice Chilton Abbot
- Leslie Ann Abbot
- Karen Elizabeth Abbot
- Joseph Eustace Chilton (1895-1937)
- Eleanor Carroll Chilton (1898-1949)
- Elizabeth Leigh Chilton (1901-1986); married 1st Girard R. Lowrey (1899-1957) on November 27, 1920 in Manhattan, New York; married 2nd Douglas Murray/Murry.
His wife's niece, Louise Benedict Schoonmaker, married Robert V. Keeley, a United States diplomat.
- United States Congress. "William E. Chilton (id: C000360)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
| Secretary of State of West Virginia
William M. O. Dawson
Nathan B. Scott
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from West Virginia
Served alongside: Clarence W. Watson, Nathan Goff Jr.
Robert M. La Follette
| Chair of the Senate Census Committee
Duncan U. Fletcher
| Chair of the Senate Printing Committee
Marcus A. Smith
|Party political offices|
Robert Latham Owen
| Secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus
Willard Saulsbury Jr.
|First|| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from West Virginia
Matthew M. Neely
Clarence Wayland Watson
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from West Virginia
Matthew M. Neely