William Lincoln Christie
December 19, 1944
Buffalo, New York, USA
William Lincoln Christie (born December 19, 1944) is an American-born French conductor and harpsichordist. He is a specialist in baroque and classical repertoire and is the founder of the ensemble Les Arts Florissants.
Christie studied art history at Harvard University, where he was briefly assistant conductor of the Harvard Glee Club. From 1966, he began studies at Yale University in music, where he was a student of harpsichordist Ralph Kirkpatrick. He was opposed to the Vietnam War, and served in a reserve officers course to avoid the draft. He subsequently taught at Dartmouth College, but after his Dartmouth post was not renewed, Christie moved to France in 1970. He was one of a number of young men who left the United States at this time because of disagreement with the Vietnam War, and in order to avoid the draft. In France, he became known for his interpretations of Baroque music, particularly French Baroque music, working with René Jacobs and others. He also performed contemporary music alongside baroque music with the Ensemble Five Centuries.
Christie took French citizenship in 1995. He was appointed Grand Croix de la Légion d'honneur in 2014 and he is an Officier in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. He was elected a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts on November 12, 2008, in the "Unattached members" section (Membres libres), at the seat formerly held by Marcel Marceau, Seat #1. The elaborate gardens Christie designed for his house in Thiré were designated as a monument historique in 2006. He has also received the Georges Pompidou Prize (2005) as well as the Liliane Bettencourt Choral Singing Prize, which was awarded by the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 2004. In 2002 he was awarded the Harvard Arts Medal.
Les Arts Florissants
In 1979, Christie founded Les Arts Florissants, named after the opera of the same name by Marc-Antoine Charpentier, which was to be its first fully staged production. Major recognition came in 1986 with the production of Lully's Atys at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. Christie has also presented and recorded many unknown works by Marc-Antoine Charpentier (most of them were world premiere), Médée H 491, David and Jonathas H 490, Le Malade imaginaire H 495, La Descente d'Orphée aux enfers H 488, Les Plaisirs de Versailles H 480, Actéon H 481, but also André Campra, Henry Desmarest, Michel-Richard Delalande, François Couperin, Claudio Monteverdi and Jean-Philippe Rameau.
Christie was a professor at the Paris Conservatoire from 1982 to 1995, and maintains an active role in pedagogy by participating in master classes and academies. In 2002, he founded Le Jardin des Voix, a biennial academy for young singers in Caen. Since 2007, he has had an affiliation with the Juilliard School, providing master classes in historical performance practice.
Christie has widened his group's core French repertoire, performing Henry Purcell, George Frideric Handel, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. He has been guest conductor at the Glyndebourne Festival, and productions for Zurich Opera and the Opéra de Lyon. He has also conducted period-instrument performances with more modern ensembles such as the Berlin Philharmonic.
- Nicholas Wroe (2009-06-20). "A life in music: William Christie". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- Peter Conrad (2004-01-18). "Corpus Christie". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- "Élection de M. William CHRISTIE dans la section des Membres Libres" (PDF) (Press release). Académie des Beaux-Arts. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- "Jardin de William Christie". Jardindewilliamchristie.fr.
- "History of the Harvard Arts Medal". Harvard University Office for the Arts. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Jamie James (1992-05-10). "A Cultural Ambassador More French Than the French". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- Amanda Holloway (2005-03-15). "A Baroque Boot Camp For Singers With a Gift". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-26.
- Weisman, Wendy (November 2007). "Christie to Launch 2-Part Residency at Juilliard". The Juilliard Journal Online. XXII (3). Retrieved 2009-12-19.
- Martin Kettle (2002-04-05). "Up the revolution". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-03-24.