"When It's Sleepy Time Down South", also known as "Sleepy Time Down South", is a 1931 jazz song written by Clarence Muse, Leon René and Otis René. It was sung in the movie Safe in Hell by Nina Mae McKinney, and became the signature song of Louis Armstrong, who recorded it almost a hundred times during his career. The song is now considered a jazz standard.
Al Hirt released a version on his 1963 album, Our Man in New Orleans, and Harry James released a version on his 1972 album Mr. Trumpet (Longines Symphonette Society SYS 5459/LS 217C/LS 217U). A British cover version was released in 1932 by Bob and Alf Pearson.
The lyrics concern the Great Migration in the United States, the movement of African Americans from the South to cities in the North, with the singer talking about the "dear old Southland... where I belong", and contain many racial stereotypes. Armstrong's popularity among African-American audiences dropped because of the song, but at the same time it helped the trumpeter to make his fan base broader. There is a 1942 film short of the song where Armstrong and others played slaves and farm workers.
- Charles Hersch: Subversive Sounds: Race and the Birth of Jazz in New Orleans. University of Chicago Press, 2008. ISBN 0-226-32867-8. p. 199
- Al Hirt, Our Man in New Orleans. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
- William Howland Kenney: Jazz on the River. University of Chicago Press, 2005, p. 85. ISBN 0-226-43733-7.
- Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (2008). Struggling to Define a Nation: American music and the twentieth century. University of California Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-520-25486-4.
- "When It's Sleepy Time Down South" at jazzstandards.com
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