The Wharton County Courthouse in Wharton
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||William H. Wharton and John Austin Wharton|
|Largest city||El Campo|
|• Total||1,094 sq mi (2,830 km2)|
|• Land||1,086 sq mi (2,810 km2)|
|• Water||8.2 sq mi (21 km2) 0.8%%|
|• Density||38/sq mi (15/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Wharton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 41,280. Its county seat is Wharton. The county was named for brothers William Harris Wharton and John Austin Wharton.
- Austin County (north)
- Fort Bend County (northeast)
- Brazoria County (east)
- Matagorda County (southeast)
- Jackson County (southwest)
- Colorado County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,188 people, 14,799 households, and 10,744 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 16,606 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 69.01% White, 14.95% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.65% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. 31.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.8% were of Czech, 11.0% German and 7.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 73.8% spoke English, 24.0% Spanish and 2.0% Czech as their first language.
There were 14,799 households, out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.70% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,208, and the median income for a family was $39,919. Males had a median income of $30,480 versus $20,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,388. About 13.30% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.
Legacy of slavery
A map commissioned by the United States government in the 1860s, and sold by the Union Army for the benefit of wounded troops, indicates that, based on data from the 1860 national census, 80.9% of the population of Wharton County was enslaved. The county then had a total of 3,380 people. This was the highest proportion of slaves in a single county in the state of Texas. Demand related to development of new areas for cultivation had caused the number of slaves overall in the state to triple between 1850 and 1860, from 58,000 to 182,566.
- U.S. Highway 59
- Interstate 69 is currently under construction and will follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
U.S. Highway 90 Alternate
- State Highway 60
- State Highway 71
- Farm to Market Road 102
- Farm to Market Road 442
- Farm to Market Road 1160
- Farm to Market Road 1300
Wharton County is a strongly Republican county in the 21st century.
- Congregation Shearith Israel
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wharton County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wharton County
- 20th Century Technology Museum
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Texas to carry out second execution of the year." Al Jazeera America. January 27, 2016. Retrieved on January 27, 2016.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Susan Schulte, "Visualizing Slavery", Blog, New York Times, 9 December 2010, accessed 10 December 2013
- Susan Schulte, "Visualizing Slavery": "A Map of Slavery Interactive Feature", New York Times, 10 December 2010
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wharton County, Texas.|
- Wharton County government's website
- Wharton County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Wharton County Sheriff's Office