for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wells in Somerset.
Location of Somerset within England.
|Electorate||79,989 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||James Heappey (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Mid Somerset and East Somerset|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Mid Somerset|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 Election results 1885-1918
- 7 Election results 1832-1868
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Sources
The original two-member borough constituency was created in 1295, and abolished by the Reform Act 1867 with effect from the 1868 general election. Its revival saw a more comparable size of electorate across the country and across Somerset, with a large swathe of the county covered by this new seat, under the plans of the third Reform Act and the connected Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 which was enacted the following year.
- Political history
The seat was largely Conservative-held during the 20th century and has never elected a Labour MP ever in it's history. The only other political party to have been represented is the Liberal Democrats or their predecessor, the Liberal Party, who achieved a marginal victory in 2010, see marginal seat.
- Prominent frontbenchers
Sir William Hayter was chief government whip of the Commons under three Liberal Prime Ministers governing from the Lords, (Lord John) Russell, Aberdeen and Palmerston.
So too in this role was Lord Hylton from 1916 to 1922 alongside the Lord Colebrooke in the Conservative-Liberal National coalition.
Robert Sanders was Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Commons, 1918–1919, and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1922-1924.
Robert Boscawen was a government whip (1988-1989).
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Wells, and the Sessional Divisions of Axbridge and Wells (except the civil parish of Binegar).
1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Glastonbury and Wells, the Urban Districts of Shepton Mallet and Street, the Rural Districts of Shepton Mallet, Wells, and Wincanton, and in the Rural District of Frome the civil parishes of Cloford, Marston Bigot, Nunney, Wanstrow, Whatley, and Witharn Friary.
1950-1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Glastonbury and Wells, the Urban Districts of Frome, Shepton Mallet, and Street, and the Rural Districts of Frome, Shepton Mallet, Wells, and Wincanton.
1983-2010: The District of Mendip wards of Ashwick, Avalon, Chilcompton and Ston Easton, Ebbor, Glastonbury St Benedict's, Glastonbury St Edmund's, Glastonbury St John's, Glastonbury St Mary's, Moor, Nedge, Pylcombe, Rodney, Sheppey, Shepton Mallet, Street North, Street South, Wells Central, Wells St Cuthbert's, and Wells St Thomas, and the District of Sedgemoor wards of Axbridge, Axe Vale, Berrow, Brent, Burnham North, Burnham South, Cheddar, Highbridge, Mark, Shipham, and Wedmore.
2010–present: The District of Mendip wards of Ashwick and Ston Easton, Avalon, Chilcompton, Glastonbury St Benedict’s, Glastonbury St Edmund’s, Glastonbury St John’s, Glastonbury St Mary’s, Knowle, Moor, Nedge, Pylcombe, Rodney and Priddy, St Cuthbert Out North and West, Shepton East, Shepton West, Street North, Street South, Street West, Wells Central, Wells St Cuthbert’s, and Wells St Thomas, and the District of Sedgemoor wards of Axbridge, Axe Vale, Berrow, Brent North, Burnham North, Burnham South, Cheddar and Shipham, Highbridge, Knoll, and Wedmore and Mark.
Aside from energy, transportation, retail and distribution which are major sectors, agriculture and tourism are still important areas to this central and quite quintessential part of Somerset which includes the coastal resort of Burnham-on-Sea, the city of Wells with its cathedral, and notable natural landmarks such as the Cheddar Gorge and Glastonbury Tor. The site of the Glastonbury Festival also lies within this seat, causing a major influx of visitors in late June.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Norman Lamont||Whig||John Lee Lee||Whig|
|1834 by-election||Nicholas Ridley-Colborne||Whig|
|1837||Richard Blakemore||Conservative||William Hayter||Whig|
|1855 by-election||Hedworth Jolliffe||Conservative|
|1868||borough constituency abolished|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Tessa Munt||22,906||37.6||+4.9|
|Christian Peoples||Lorna Corke||320||0.5||+0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Tessa Munt||18,662||32.8||−11.2|
|Independent||Gypsy Watkins||76||0.1||+ 0.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+7.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Tessa Munt||24,560||44.0||+6.1|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Tessa Munt||20,031||37.8||−0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Graham Oakes||19,666||38.3||-0.1|
|Wessex Regionalist||Colin Bex||167||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Gold||21,680||38.5||−0.2|
|Natural Law||Lynn Royse||92||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Humphrey Temperley||21,971||38.0||+0.5|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|Wessex Regionalist||Alexander Thynn||155||0.26|
|United Democratic Party||P. Howard||778||1.42|
|Labour||Frank R. Thompson||16,335||32.3|
|Liberal||William Fedde J Pinching||9,174||18.1|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||John G Cousins||16,989||35.6|
|Labour||Reginald George White||15,080||31.5|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Jon Antony A Evans||16,452||34.2|
|Liberal||Paul R Hobhouse||8,220||17.1|
Election in the 1940s
|Liberal||Violet Bonham Carter||7,910||25.2|
Elections in the 1930s
General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||Arnold H Jones||7,277||26.1|
|Labour||William James Waring||5,716||20.5|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||R. D. Q. Davies||4,472||15.0||+3.7|
|Labour||Wilfred Thomas Young||2,726||11.3||+3.7|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Labour||Charles Henry Whitlow||1,713||7.6||-11.3|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.1|
Election results 1885-1918
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890s
Joliffe's elevation to the peerage, becoming Lord Hylton, caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Robert Edmund Dickinson||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Robert Edmund Dickinson||Unopposed|
|Liberal||Thomas Ball Silcock||5,146||51.9||N/A|
|Conservative||Robert Edmund Dickinson||4,761||48.1||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||Thomas Ball Silcock||4,871||44.1||−7.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.8|
|Liberal||Arthur Lane Wills||4,094||39.9||−4.2|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||John Coleby Morland||6,935||39.6||−0.3|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election results 1832-1868
Elections in the 1840s
Hayter was appointed Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1850s
|Radical||John Alexander Kinglake||101||21.8||N/A|
|Turnout||232 (est)||71.2 (est)||N/A|
Tudway's death caused a by-election.
|Radical||John Alexander Kinglake||121||45.3||+23.5|
Elections in the 1860s
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Wells 1386-1421". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Wells 1509-1558". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Forsett, Edward (c.1554-1630), of Marylebone, Mdx. and Charing Cross House, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
- Cassidy, Irene. "Wells 1660-1690". History of Parliament Online. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 37–38. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 181. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- The Spectator, Volume 10. F.C. Westley. 1837. p. 758. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 24 July 1837. p. 8. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Wells". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wells". BBC. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Highbridge singer Gypsy Watkins to stand as MP candidate in May". Weekly News. Burnham and Highbridge. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "General Election 2010". Mendip District Council. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Wells". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Liberal Magazine, 1939
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Wells Election". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 1 November 1855. p. 4. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Sherborne Mercury". 13 November 1855. p. 3. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847, Volume 2 (London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co, 1845)