Warrenton, North Carolina
Location of Warrenton, North Carolina
|• Total||1.08 sq mi (2.79 km2)|
|• Land||1.08 sq mi (2.79 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||774.16/sq mi (298.78/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0996808|
Warrenton is a town in and the county seat of Warren County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 862 at the 2010 census. Warrenton, now served by U.S. 401 and U.S. 158, was founded in 1779. It became one of the wealthiest towns in the state from 1840 to 1860, as it was the trading center of an area of rich tobacco and cotton plantations. It has a large stock of historic architecture. More than 90 percent of its buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places and its National Historic District encompasses nearly half its area.
History and attractions
Warrenton was founded at the time when Bute County was divided to form Warren and Franklin counties. Named for Dr. Joseph Warren, a patriot and soldier who fell at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War, it was incorporated in 1779. William Christmas platted and surveyed the streets and lots, and public squares that year. He established one hundred lots of one-half acre each, convenient streets and squares, and a common area for the use of the town.
The area was developed as tobacco and cotton plantations. Warrenton served as a regional center for trade and entertainment.
Many early and mid-19th century houses have been preserved. The planters chartered private academies to educate their children, one of the earliest being The Warrenton Male Academy, formed in 1788. A girls' school was founded by Jacob Mordecai, a Sephardic Jew, whose son Moses became a prominent lawyer in Raleigh. Commercial and government structures in the town date to the late 19th century and early 1900s.
In the 1850s, the town became a busy center of commerce when the railroad was built to improve shipping of the commodities of the rich tobacco and cotton fields to markets; it became the wealthiest town in North Carolina of the time. The well-known builder Jacob Holt lived here; he built Greek Revival style houses throughout the region and his workshop supplied millwork to builders even farther afield.
As one of the wealthiest towns in North Carolina from 1840 to 1860, Warrenton had property owners who built fine residences and commercial buildings, forming the core of its current historic architecture. They employed the prominent architects Jacob W. Holt and Albert Gamaliel Jones, who designed and built houses in the Federal, Greek Revival, and Italianate styles.
The Warrenton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, and includes over 200 contributing buildings. The Coleman-White House, Elgin, Liberia School, Reedy Rill, Shady Oaks, Sledge-Hayley House, Mansfield Thornton House, and John Watson House are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2015)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
- Richard Alston, former NFL and CFL player
- Josiah Bailey, Democratic U.S. Senator from 1931-1946
- Braxton Bragg, senior officer in the Confederate States Army
- George Freeman Bragg, an African-American priest, journalist, social activist and historian
- Thomas Bragg, the 34th Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina from 1855 through 1859a
- Saxby Chambliss, Republican U.S. Senator representing the state of Georgia from 2003-2015
- John O. Crosby, an American educator who served 1874 as the minister for the first Colored Baptist church in Warrenton
- Micajah Thomas Hawkins, a U.S. Congressman from North Carolina from 1831 to 1841
- David Henderson, former NBA player
- Rick Hendrick, NASCAR team owner
- Jacob W. Holt, an early to mid-19th century carpenter and builder-architect of Warrenton
- John Adams Hyman, politician, state senator, and congressman; the first African American to represent North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives
- Randy Jordan, former NFL player and current NFL coach
- Caroline Katzenstein, suffragist and author
- John H. Kerr, American jurist and politician
- John H. Kerr Jr., served in the North Carolina State Legislature (both chambers)
- John H. Kerr III, a Democratic member of the North Carolina General Assembly
- Rachel Mordecai Lazarus, an American educator and correspondent with the children's writer Maria Edgeworth
- Nathaniel Macon, former U.S. Senator and Speaker of the House
- Andrew Marlin, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and one-half of Chapel Hill folk duo Mandolin Orange
- Chandler Owen, writer and editor
- Chuck Rowland, former MLB player
- Mary Tannahill, painter, printmaker, embroiderer and batik maker
- Corey Terry, an American former professional football linebacker who played in the National Football League for the Jacksonville Jaguars and New Orleans Saints from 1999 to 2000
- Marvin Townes, an American football running back
- Panthea Twitty, an American photographer, ceramist, and historian
- Joel Whitaker, an ophthalmologist and college football player and coach
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Richard Alston Stats. Pro-Football-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- David Henderson Stats. Basketball-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- "HYMAN, John Adams | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2020-08-20.
- Randy Jordan Stats. Pro-Football-Reference. Retrieved 22 March 2019.