Walter de Lacy (c. 1172–1241) was lord of Meath in Ireland. He was also a substantial land owner in Weobley, Herefordshire, in Ludlow, Shropshire, in Ewyas Lacy in the Welsh Marches, and several lands in Normandy. He was the eldest son of Hugh de Lacy, a leading Cambro-Norman baron in the Norman invasion of Ireland.
During the revolt of Prince John Lackland, Lord of Ireland, against his brother, King Richard the Lionheart, in 1193–94, Walter joined with John de Courcy to support Richard. Walter apprehended some knights loyal to John along with Peter Pipard, John's justiciar in Ireland. Walter did homage to Richard for his lands in Ireland in 1194, receiving his lordship of Meath. After mounting the throne of England in 1199, John wrote to his justiciar in Ireland to complain that de Courcy and de Lacy had destroyed John's land of Ireland. Walter had made John his enemy.
In 1203, John granted custody of the city of Limerick to Walter's father-in-law, William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. As de Braose was an absentee, Walter served as de Braose's deputy in Limerick.
In 1206–07, Walter became involved in a conflict with Meiler Fitzhenry, Justiciar of Ireland, and Walter's feudal tenants for lands in Meath; Meiler had seized Limerick. King John summoned Walter to appear before him in England in April 1207. After Walter's brother Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster, had taken Meiler FitzHenry prisoner, John in March 1208 acquiesced in giving Walter a new charter for his lands in Meath. Upon his return to Ireland later in 1208, Walter may have acted as Justiciar of Ireland in lieu of the deposed Meiler fitz Henry. By this time, John had begun his infamous persecution of Walter's father-in-law, de Braose, who fled to Ireland.
On 20 June 1210, King John landed in Crook, now in Co. Waterford, with his feudal levy and a force of Flemish mercenaries; John marched north through Leinster. When John reached Dublin on 27 or 28 June, Walter attempted to throw himself on John's mercy, sending five of his tenants to Dublin to place his lands in Meath back in the king's hand, and disclaiming any attempt to shelter his brother Hugh from John's wrath. John attacked eastern Meath, and was joined by 400 of Walter's deserting followers. John would hold Walter's lands in Meath for five years.
He was a benefactor to the abbeys of Llanthony and Craswall (Herefordshire) and also founded the abbey of Beaubec in Ireland.
On his death his estate was divided between his granddaughters Margery and Maud.
|Ancestors of Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath|
Family, Marriage and Issue
- Petronilla (or Pernal) de Lacy (c.1201 – after 25 November 1288), married Sir Ralph VI de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead, son of Sir Roger IV de Toeni, Lord of Flamstead & Constance de Beaumont.
- Egidia de Lacy (also called Gille) who married Richard Mor de Burgh Lord of Connaught and Strathearn. Together they had many notable descendants, including Elizabeth de Burgh, Catherine Parr, Margaret de Clare, the Earls of Ormond, King Edward IV of England, King Richard III of England, and many other British monarchs.
- Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire was taken hostage for his father in August 1215. He predeceased his father before 25 December 1230. Gilbert married Isabel Bigod, daughter of Sir Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk (Magna Charta Surety) & Maud Marshal. They had 1 son and 2 daughters:
- Walter de Lacy, who married Rohese le Botiller but had no issue. Walter died between 1238 and 1241.
- Margery (Margaret) de Lacy, who married Sir John de Verdun, Lord of Westmeath, the son of Theobald le Botiller, 2nd Chief Butler of Ireland and Rohese de Verdun.
- Maud de Lacy, who married Lord Geoffrey de Geneville, Justiciar of Ireland, the son of Simon de Joinville, Seneschal of Champagne, and Beatrix of Burgundy. Together Geoffrey and Maud had at least three children:[a]
- Geoffrey de Geneville (died 1283)
- Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim and Ludlow (1256- shortly before June 1292), who in his turn married in 1283 Jeanne of Lusignan by whom he had three daughters, including Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville.
- Joan de Geneville, married Gerald FitzMaurice FitzGerald (died 1287).
- Geoffrey de Geneville and Maud de Lacy possibly had two additional sons, Gautier and Jean.
- Colin Veach, Lordship in Four Realms: The Lacy Family, 1166–1241 (Manchester, 2014)
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 73. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 77. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 78. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 79. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 80. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Otway-Ruthven, A.P. (1993). A History of Medieval Ireland. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 86. ISBN 1-56619-216-1.
- Wrightman Lacy Family pp. 185–186
- Tudor Place, Entry: Mary Talbot
- Richardson, D. & Everingham, K.G., Magna Carta ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families
- A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland By John Burke
- Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 70-29, 75A-30, 98–28, 177A-7