The Trapp Family (also known as the von Trapp Family) were a singing family of the former Austrian naval commander Georg von Trapp. The family achieved fame in their original singing career in Austria before the World War II and also performed in the United States before emigrating there permanently in 1939 to escape the deteriorating situation in Austria; in the U.S. they became well known as the "Trapp Family Singers" until ceasing to perform as a unit in 1957. The family's story was the basis for a memoir, two German films, a Broadway musical (The Sound of Music, 1959) and the subsequent highly successful 1965 film version of the same name. The last surviving of the original seven children, Maria ("Louisa" in the film version) died in 2014 at the age of 99. Her three half siblings Rosmarie, Eleonore and Johannes were still alive as at 2019.
History of the group
Georg von Trapp had seven children at the time of his first wife's Agathe's death and in 1927 he married Maria von Trapp (née Kutschera), 25 years his junior, with whom he had three more children. Both incarnations of the household were musical and by 1935 the family was singing at the local church in Aigen where they made the acquaintance of a young priest, Dr. Franz Wasner, who encouraged their musical progress and taught them sacred music to add to the folk songs, madrigals and ballads they were already singing. While singing at their Salzburg home they were also heard by the German concert singer Lotte Lehmann who persuaded them to take part in the song competition at the 1936 Salzburg Festival, for which they won a prize; after this, accompanied by Dr Wasner, the family toured and performed in Vienna, Salzburg, and undertook a European tour that encompassed France, Belgium, Holland, Italy, Germany and England.
In 1938 the family performed in the United States for the first time before returning to Europe when their visas expired, however in the same year Hitler annexed Austria and the family made the decision to leave first for Italy (of which the Zara-born Georg and thus the family were legally citizens) and from there to the United States where they applied for immigrant status in 1939. They arrived with very little money, having lost most of the family fortune earlier during a 1935 banking collapse in Austria. Once in the United States they earned money by performing and touring nationally and internationally, first as the "Trapp Family Choir" and then, the "Trapp Family Singers". After living for a short time in Merion, Pennsylvania, where their youngest child Johannes was born, the family settled in Stowe, Vermont, in 1941. They purchased a 660-acre (270 ha) farm in 1942 and converted it into the Trapp Family Lodge, initially called "Cor Unum". After the war, they founded the Trapp Family Austrian Relief fund, which sent food and clothing to people impoverished in Austria.
By now based permanently in the United States, the family performed their unique mixture of liturgical music, madrigals, folk music and instrumentals to audiences in over 30 countries for the next 20 years. They made a series of 78-rpm records for RCA Victor in the 1950s, some of which were later issued on RCA Camden LPs. There were also a few later recordings released on LPs, including some stereo sessions. The family singing group disbanded in 1957.
Maria wrote an account of the singing family The Story of the Trapp Family Singers which was published in 1949 and was the inspiration for the 1956 West German film The Trapp Family, which in turn inspired the Broadway musical The Sound of Music (1959) and its 1965 film version.
The original seven Trapp children (whose names and relative ages were changed for the film version of their life) were Rupert, 1911–1992; Agathe, 1913–2010; Maria, 1914���2014; Werner, 1915–2007; Hedwig, 1917–1972; Johanna, 1919–1994; and Martina, 1921–1952. Maria and Georg's later children were Rosmarie, 1929–, Eleonore (known as Lorli), 1931–, and Johannes, 1939–. The eldest daughter, Agathe (called "Liesl" in the film), published her own account of life in the Trapp family in 2003, entitled Memories Before and After The Sound of Music, which was itself turned into a film entitled The Von Trapp Family: A Life of Music.
Both Georg and Martina died while the group was still active, Georg in 1947 at the age of 67, while Martina died in childbirth in 1952 aged only 30. At the time of its cessation the group included a number of non-family members because many of the original family wanted to pursue other endeavors, and only Maria's "iron will" had kept the group together for so long. After the group's demise, Maria, Johannes, Rosmarie, and daughter Maria went to New Guinea to do missionary work; later Maria (the stepmother/mother) returned to run the Trapp Family Lodge for a number of years. Of the children, Rupert was already a medical doctor by the 1940s; Agathe spent many years as kindergarten teacher in Maryland; Maria (the daughter) spent 30 years as a missionary in New Guinea; Werner became a farmer and Hedwig a music teacher; Johanna married and returned to live in Austria; Rosmarie and Eleonore both settled in Vermont; and Johannes followed his mother by managing the Trapp Family Lodge as a tourist resort. Maria (stepmother/mother) died in 1987 and was buried alongside Georg and Martina in the family cemetery on the property. All of the other original 7 children have now died (Hedwig in 1972; Rupert in 1992; Johanna in 1994; Werner in 2007; Agathe in 2010; and Maria in 2014), while Georg and Maria's own 3 children - Rosmarie, Eleonore and Johannes - were still alive as of 2019.
Musical style and repertoire
The real-life Trapp family were a respected singing group throughout their career, however their style was a world away from the Broadway and Hollywood crowd-pleasing popular numbers as later included in the musical and film versions of their life. Many of their studio recordings survive and have been reproduced as contemporary CD compilations. As for their live performances, in his 2004 essay Family values: The Trapp Family Singers in North America, 1938-1956, Michael Saffle writes:
It is difficult to document today precisely what the Trapps performed and where they performed it. Only a very few of their programs have been reprinted. One of these—again, a Christmas program—identifies an arrangement of three short pieces (for "Antique Instruments") and a Sonata by Sammartini (presented by a "Quintet of Recorders") as the evening's principal instrumental selections; shorter vocal works included Praetorius's "Es ist ein Ros' entsprungen," a Monteverdi madrigal, Hoist's "Midwinter," and an arrangement of "The Holly and the Ivy." Another program—unfortunately incomplete, but known to have been presented in 1943 at Boston's Jordan Hall—featured a song by John Dowland, transcriptions by Wasner of Tyrolean folk tunes, and a Trio for two recorders and viola da gamba composed by "Werner von Trapp." In spite of their instrumental accomplishments, however, the Trapps were above all a vocal ensemble that sang (and played) music together largely for religious reasons.
On the other hand, press releases subsequent to 1941 advertised "rollicking folk songs of many lands," "gay, lilting madrigals," and "lusty yodels and mountain calls" as well as "exquisite old motets and masses," and bragged of "record cross-country tour[s]" and large numbers of engagements, which attested to their popular appeal and suggests that the religious content was only one of several contributing elements to this over their main period of popularity in America.
Four grandchildren of Werner von Trapp (great-grandchildren of Georg and step great-grandchildren of Maria) formed a singing group "The von Trapps" and recorded five albums in a modern style between 2001 and 2016 before disbanding.
[more details awaited]
- Trapp Family Choir: Folk Songs of Central Europe - Dr. Franz Wasner, conductor - Victor 78rpm set (5 records) (other details not known)
- An Evening of Folk Songs with the Trapp Family Singers Decca DL 9793, 19??
- Christmas with the Trapp Family Singers Deutsche Grammophon, 1953
- The Best of the Trapp Family Singers Decca, 19??
- The Original Trapp Family Choir: The Sound Of Folk Music of Many Lands CAS904eLP33 1965 (compilation)
CD releases (compilations)
- The Sound of Christmas Delta Distribution / Laserlight, 1992
- Journey Jasmine, 20?? (2 CDs)
- One Voice Jasmine, 20?? (2 CDs)
- Original Trapp Family Singers [details??]
- Campbell, Elizabeth M., 2007: Introduction to English Translation of Georg von Trapp: "To the Last Salute: Memories of an Austrian U-Boat Commander". University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska.
- Singers.com: Trapp Family Singers
- Peter Kerr (29 March 1987). "Maria von Trapp, Whose Life was 'Sound of Music', is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 21 July 2007.
- Bernhard, Marianne (1 October 1980). "Maria von Trapp speaks". Milwaukee Journal. (Washington Post). p. 6, part 1.
- Prologue Magazine: Movie vs. Reality: The Real Story of the Von Trapp Family
- Good Reads: Agathe Von Trapp: Memories Before and After the Sound of Music
- common sense media: The Von Trapp Family: A Life of Music. Movie review by Renee Schonfeld, Common Sense Media
- Saffle. Michael. 2004. "Family Values: The Trapp Family Singers in North America, 1938-1956". Canadian University Music Review 24 (2), 62–79. Doi: 10.7202/1014583ar.
- Country Living: Megan Friedman Mar 23, 2016: The Von Trapp Family is Saying So Long, Farewell to Music
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