|Initial release||October 12, 1993|
6.0 / April 30, 2007
|Written in||Smalltalk and later Java|
VisualAge is a family of computer integrated development environments from IBM, which supports multiple programming languages. VisualAge was first released in October 1993 and was discontinued April 30, 2007 and its web page removed in September 2011. VisualAge was also marketed as VisualAge Smalltalk. IBM has stated that XL C/C++ is the followup product to VisualAge.
VisualAge was born in the IBM development lab in Cary, North Carolina, which was established in 1984 and had responsibility for application development tools. The EZ-VU dialog manager product, a personal computer derivative of the user interface elements of the ISPF 327x product was one of the first products in this family. The lab also had a group which was one of the early adopters of object-oriented programming technologies within IBM using an internally developed language called ClassC to develop applications with more sophisticated graphical user interfaces which were just starting to be widely available.
Eventually, the availability of usable implementations of Smalltalk for IBM PC-AT class machines allowed IBM advanced technology projects to experiment with Smalltalk. At about the same time, visual interface construction tools were coming up on the radar screens. Smalltalk research projects such as InterCons by David N. Smith of IBM, and Fabrik by a team at Apple led by Dan Ingalls were building interactive graphical applications built from composition of graphical primitives. Higher level construction of user interfaces was evidenced by other tools such as Jean-Marie Hullot's interface builder first done in Lisp and then evolved to become the Interface Builder tool in NeXTStep and Mac OS X. Such tools allow for building user interfaces by WYSIWYG composition of UI widgets which can be "wired" to each other and to application logic written in the system's native object oriented language, or possibly with no coding at all.
The original prototype which led to VisualAge was an attempt "to make something like the NeXT interface builder" within the Smalltalk/V development environment. By the time VisualAge was released as a product, much more emphasis was placed on visual construction of application logic as well as of the user interface. This emphasis was in part due to the "positioning" for "strategic" reasons of Smalltalk as a generator rather than a language within IBM's Systems Application Architecture.
The name "VisualAge" is the result of a contest between the members of the development team. After the initial release of VisualAge/Smalltalk the name VisualAge became a brand of its own and VisualAges were produced for several different combinations of languages and platforms.
These are the supported platforms, each of which support different languages: AIX, OS/2, i5/OS (formerly named OS/400), Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, TPF, z/VM, z/OS (formerly named OS/390, MVS), and z/VSE.
Most of the members of the VisualAge family were written in Smalltalk no matter which language they supported for development. The IBM implementation of Smalltalk was produced by Object Technology International which was acquired by IBM and run as a wholly owned subsidiary for several years before being absorbed into the overall IBM organization.
VisualAge Micro Edition, which supports development of embedded Java applications and cross system development, is a reimplementation of the IDE in Java. This version of VisualAge morphed into the Eclipse Framework.
Various members of the family have been replaced by products in the WebSphere Studio family of products. As of 2009[update], the original VisualAge product continues to be promoted by IBM as “VisualAge Smalltalk”. In 2005, Smalltalk specialist Instantiations, Inc. acquired a worldwide license to VisualAge Smalltalk, and offers an “enhanced product” VA Smalltalk. The C, C++ and Fortran compiler on AIX, Linux and z/OS are renamed as XL C/C++ series.
Applications designed with VisualAge C++ may be portable between target platforms without any code changes needed if VisualAge guidelines were followed. IBM also included additional tools and libraries in instances where portability was not possible without code changes.
OS/2 and Windows
- VisualAge C++ 3.0 (OS/2 and Windows)
- VisualAge C++ 3.5 (Windows 95/NT only)
- C and C++ Compilers for OS/2, AIX and Windows NT Version 3.6
- VisualAge C++ Professional 4.0 (OS/2 and Windows)
- VisualAge Generator Developer V3.1 for OS/2
- VisualAge Generator Server V3.1 for OS/2
- VisualAge for OS/2 1.0 (1993-10-12)
- VisualAge COBOL for OS/2 1.0 (1994-03-29)
- VisualAge for COBOL for OS/2 1.1
- VisualAge for COBOL for OS/2 1.2
- VisualAge for COBOL for OS/2, Version 1 Release 2
- VisualAge COBOL for OS/2 2.0
- VisualAge for COBOL Version 2.1
- VisualAge COBOL 2.2
- VisualAge COBOL Enterprise 3.07 (Windows only)
- VisualAge C++ for AS/400 V3R6
- VisualAge C++ for AS/400 V3R7
- VisualAge C++ for AS/400 V4R4
- VisualAge C++ Professional for AIX
- VisualAge C++ Professional for AIX, V5.0
- VisualAge C++ Professional for AIX, V6.0
- VisualAge C++ V6.0 for Linux
- VisualAge C++ V6.0 for Linux refresh
- IBM Cross System Product (CSP): an article which discusses IBM VisualAge Generator
- Source Code in Database
- "VisualAge for OS/2, Version 1.0" (Press release). IBM. October 12, 1993. ENUSZP93-0585. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Software withdrawal: Selected IBM C, VisualAge C++, and XL Fortran programs (PDF), IBM, December 13, 2005, ENUS905-270, retrieved March 12, 2018
- "VisualAge C++". IBM. Archived from the original on September 15, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2011.
- "Will It Go Round in Circles? (IBM, Smalltalk, and VisualAge)". Archived from the original on October 19, 2008. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- "Product Overview". IBM. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- "VisualAge Smalltalk Transition FAQ". Instantiations. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Smalltalk Products Home". Instantiations. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- "Instantiations History". Instantiations. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- "VisualAge C++". EDM/2. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "IBM VisualAge Generator for OS/2 and Windows NT Version 3.1 Boosts Application Development Productivity" (Press release). IBM. June 16, 1998. ENUS298-190. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "VisualAge for OS/2, Version 1.0" (Press release). IBM. March 29, 1994. ENUSZP94-0232. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
VisualAge - Smalltalk
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IBM VisualAge for COBOL Standard is “Year 2000 ready” and Requires: Warp Version 4.0 plus FixPak 1 or Windows NT 4.0 plus Service Pack 3
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- IBM Corp., IBM, (September 1997). “IBM VisualAge for COBOL Getting Started on OS/2 Manual”. IBM Corp. 2nd Edition. (156 pages) Document Number GC26-9051-01
- IBM Corp., IBM, (April 1997). “Resource Catalogue for IBM COBOL Family V 1”. Release 4. (44 pages) Product Number GC26-8488-03 Part Number 4226010