The Viscount Pery
|Speaker of the Irish House of Commons|
|Preceded by||John Ponsonby|
|Succeeded by||John Foster|
|Born||8 April 1719|
|Died||24 February 1806|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Patricia Martin |
(2) Hon. Elizabeth Vesey
He was born in Limerick, into one of the city's most politically influential families, elder son of the Rev. Stackpole Pery and Jane Twigge.
A trained barrister, Pery became a member of the Irish House of Commons for the Wicklow Borough constituency in 1751. On the dissolution of the house following the death of George II, Pery was elected for the constituency of Limerick City and served from 1761 until 1785, becoming Speaker of the House in 1771. In 1783, he stood also for Dungannon, however chose to sit for Limerick City. He was considered one of the most powerful politicians in Ireland in his time, leading a faction which included his nephew the future Earl of Limerick and his relatives by marriage, the Hartstonges. Following his resignation, he was created Viscount Pery, of Newtown Pery, near the City of Limerick, in the Peerage of Ireland, entitling him to a seat in the Irish House of Lords. As he had no male heirs, his title became extinct on his death.
Role in the development of Limerick
Pery is also noted for his part in the history of the architecture of Limerick. In 1765, he commissioned the engineer Davis Ducart to design a town plan for land that Pery owned on the southern edge of the existing city, which led to the construction of the Georgian area of the city later known as Newtown Pery. He was also commemorated in the naming of Pery Square.
Pery married Patricia Martin of Dublin in 1756, who died a year later, and secondly Elizabeth Vesey, daughter of the 1st Baron Knapton. He and Elizabeth had two daughters:
- Hon. Diana Pery, who married Thomas Knox, 1st Earl of Ranfurly.
- Hon. Frances Pery, who married Nicolson Calvert, MP for Hertfordshire.
Pery's younger brother, William, was a leading figure in the Church of Ireland, becoming Bishop of Killala and subsequently Bishop of Limerick; he was also ennobled as Baron Glentworth. William's son, Edmund, was made Earl of Limerick in 1803 as a result of his support for the Act of Union.
- John Lodge, Mervyn Archdall (1789). The Peerage of Ireland. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
- Gerry Joyce (1995). Limerick City Street Names. Limerick Corporation. p. 45. ISBN 0-905700-07-4.
- "No. 12716". The London Gazette. 10 January 1786. p. 13.
- John Debrett (1829). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. p. 779.
- An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of Limerick City. National Inventory of Architectural Heritage – Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government. 2008. ISBN 0-7557-7441-8.
|Parliament of Ireland|
| Member of Parliament for Wicklow Borough
With: James Whitshed
| Member of Parliament for Limerick City
With: Hugh Dillon Massy 1761
Charles Smyth 1761–1776
Thomas Smyth 1776–1785
John Prendergast Smyth
| Member of Parliament for Dungannon
With: Hon. Thomas Knox
Hon. Thomas Knox
| Speaker of the Irish House of Commons
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation|| Viscount Pery