|Directed by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan|
|Produced by||K. Ravindran Nair|
|Screenplay by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan|
|Based on||Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Zacharia|
M. R. Gopakumar
|Music by||Vijaya Bhaskar|
|Cinematography||Mankada Ravi Varma|
|Edited by||M. Mani|
Vidheyan (English: The Servile) is a 1993 Indian Malayalam language Drama film directed and written by Adoor Gopalakrishnan. It is a cinematic adaptation of the novella Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Malayalam writer Zacharia. The film explores the master-slave dialectic in a South Karnataka setting. Mammootty and M. R. Gopakumar plays the lead roles.
Thommy, a Christian migrant labourer from Kerala is an obedient slave of his aggressive, tyrannical landlord Bhaskara Pattelar. Thommy obeys all the orders of his master, whether it is to make his own wife sexually available to his master or in killing Pattelar's kindly wife, Saroja. When Pattelar escapes to a jungle, due to his own deeds, Thommy escorts him like a pet. But when Pattelar is killed Thommy exults in freedom.
- Mammootty as Bhaskara Patelar
- M. R. Gopakumar as Thommy
- Tanvi Azmi as Bhaskara Patelar's Wife
- Sabitha Anand as Omana
- Babu Namboothiri
- Prof. K V Thampi
- Krishnan Kutty Nair
- Naveen D. Padil
The film is a cinematic adaptation of the novel Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Malayalam writer Paul Zacharia. Zacharia's novella was inspired by a real-life character named Patela Shekhara Gowda alias Shiradi Shekhara. Zacharia happened to hear the stories of Patelar when he was residing near Shiradi village Mangalore in Karnataka. After the release of the film, Adoor had a tiff with Zacharia over the film. Zachariah said Adoor tainted his story with Hindutva.
- Best Film - K. Raveendran Nair (producer), Adoor Gopalakrishnan (director)
- Best Director - Adoor Gopalakrishnan
- Best Actor - Mammootty
- Best Story - Paul Zacharia
- Best Screenplay - Adoor Gopalakrishnan
- Kerala State Film Award – Special Jury Award - M. R. Gopakumar
- Other awards
- NETPAC Award at the Rotterdam International Film Festival
- Interfilm Award - Honourable Mention at the Mannheim-Heidelberg International Film Festival
- Feature FIPRESCI and Special Jury Prize, Singapore
- "പട്ടേലർ എന്നൊരു സത്യം". Malayala Manorama (in Malayalam). 27 March 2011.
- Gowri Ramnarayan (24 September – 7 October 2005). "A constant process of discovery". Frontline. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
- "Kerala State Film Awards: 1993". Kerala State Chalachitra Academy. Archived from the original on 2 October 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.