|Vicco von Bülow
Vicco von Bülow, 1971
|Born||Bernhard-Victor Christoph-Carl von Bülow
12 November 1923
Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany
|Died||22 August 2011
Ammerland at Lake Starnberg, Germany
|Known for||Ödipussi, Pappa Ante Portas|
Bernhard-Victor Christoph-Carl von Bülow (12 November 1923 – 22 August 2011), known as Vicco von Bülow (from Bernhard-Victor Christoph-Carl) or Loriot, was a German comedian, humorist, cartoonist, film director, actor and writer.
On the television series Unsere Besten (Our Best), Loriot was ranked the 54th best German ever. In a special comedy episode of Unsere Besten, he was ranked as the most famous German comedian ever.
Vicco von Bülow was born in Brandenburg an der Havel in Prussia, today Brandenburg, in modern north-eastern Germany. The Bülow family belongs to German aristocracy. His parents, Johann-Albrecht Wilhelm von Bülow (1899–1972) and Charlotte, née von Roeder (1899–1929), separated soon after he was born, his mother died when he was six. Von Bülow and his brother grew up in Berlin with their grandmother. 
Von Bülow was still in school when World War II started. After graduating early from secondary school, he followed the family's tradition and became a military officer. He was deployed to the Eastern Front for three years, serving as First Lieutenant of Panzergrenadierregiment 3 in the 3rd Panzer Division. He was decorated with the Iron Cross 2nd class and 1st class. Asked during an interview later in his life if he had been a good lieutenant he answered: "Not good enough, otherwise I would have been part of the resistance on 20 July 1944. But for the dreadful German contribution to world history, I will be ashamed for the rest of my life."[note 1] He completed his Abitur in 1946. In 1951 he married Romi Schlumbom (b. 1929), with whom he had two daughters.
Von Bülow's talent for drawing was eminent already during his school years. After the war he studied graphic design and painting at the Landeskunstschule in Hamburg. From 1950 onwards he published cartoons under the pseudonym "Loriot", derived from the French word for oriole, his family's heraldic animal.
In 1971 von Bülow created a cartoon dog named Wum, which he voice acted himself. Wum became the mascot of "Aktion Sorgenkind", a German humanitarian organization. During the Christmas season of 1972 Wum's song "Ich wünsch' mir 'ne kleine Miezekatze" ("I wish I had a little kittycat"), sung in sprechgesang style, became popular enough to remain in the top position of the German pop charts for nine weeks. Wum also appeared in the German show Der große Preis (The Big Prize), where he appeared during breaks until the 1990s. Before long, Wum was accompanied by the elephant Wendelin, and later by Blauer Klaus (Blue Klaus), an alien hovering in with his flying saucer. Loriot wrote, drew and dubbed all of these skits by himself. Each cartoon ended with Loriot asking the viewers to take part in the TV-lottery, which supported the "Aktion Sorgenkind". When the show was dropped, the adventures of Wum and Wendelin ended as well. Today, Wum and Wendelin appear on the last page of the TV magazine Gong.
The first episode of the German television comedy series Loriot was produced in 1976. In six episodes, Loriot presented sketches, usually being the protagonist himself, and short cartoons, drawn by himself.
Loriot had a love of classical music and opera. In 1982 he conducted the humorous gala concert for the 100th anniversary of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. He is also related to the orchestra's history by kinship (Hans von Bülow, the first chief conductor of the orchestra, was distantly related to Loriot). His narrative version of Camille Saint-Saëns' The Carnival of the Animals was repeatedly performed by Loriot with the Scharoun Ensemble, a chamber music ensemble consisting of musicians of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
As a director, Loriot staged the operas Martha (Staatsoper Stuttgart, 1986) and Der Freischütz (Ludwigsburg, 1988). In 1983 Radio Bremen produced the broadcast "Loriot's 60th birthday" for the broadcast station ARD on the occasion of Loriot's 60th birthday. In 1988 he received the Bavarian Film Award, Special Prize, and in 1993 the Bavarian Film Award, Honorary Award.
Loriot was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Wuppertal in 2001. He is honorary citizen of his hometown Brandenburg an der Havel and his chosen home Münsing since 1993. Furthermore, Loriot was a member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste since that same year and of the Berlin Academy of Arts since 1997. He became honorary professor of theatrical arts at the Berlin University of the Arts in June 2003. He received numerous awards for his performance in TV, movies and other disciplines. He died in Ammerland at Lake Starnberg of old age.
Characteristics of his work
For the most part, his work dealt with problems of communication between individuals. (Loriot: "What I am interested in most of all are people whose communication fails. All that I consider comical results from crumbled communication, from talk at cross purposes.")[this quote needs a citation] His cartoons hinged on the contrast between the presented situation, the dignity displayed by his typically big nosed characters and the picture's caption. Inevitably one of these elements gets out of line, for example, when he combines the caption "We demand equal treatment of men and women, even if the suckling baby might temporarily lose weight." with the picture of a bulbous-nosed man breast-feeding a baby in a distinguished manner. The topics of his cartoons were mainly drawn from everyday life, scenes of the family and middle-class society. The same contrast between absurd situation and dignified behaviour of his characters could be seen in his various sketches and films.
Loriot's enormous popularity, his accurate language, and high-brow sense of comedy led to the adoption of a large number of phrases and inventions from the series' sketches into German common knowledge and everyday speech. Among these are certainly the "yodel diploma", the "stone louse", but also sentences like "With that, you have something of your own!", "Please, don't talk right now...", "There used to be more tinsel", "Look, a piano! A piano, a piano!" or the laconic, hardly translatable "Ach!?" ("Oh, is it?").
Lawsuit against Wikimedia Foundation for copyright violation
|The stamps in question|
Pictures showing Loriot's signature and German semi-postal stamps with topics of Loriot's work that illustrated Loriot's entry in the German-language Wikipedia were removed by the Wikimedia Foundation on 8 November 2011. This action was prompted by an interim order forbidding Wikimedia to use these images that had been initiated by an heiress, daughter Susanne von Bülow, at the Landgericht Berlin on 6 October 2011 after an email of the heiress requesting their removal had not been answered. Wikimedia had to pay the cost of the legal proceedings. The final court decision was announced on 27 March 2012; it upheld the interim order regarding the stamps, but overturned it for the signature. Wikimedia was ordered to pay 4⁄5 of the costs.
Accolades and awards (selection)
- 1943: Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class
- 1968 & 1973: Adolf Grimme Award in silver
- 1973: Goldene Europa
- 1974: Grand Merit Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1974: Karl-Valentin Medal
- 1978: Goldene Kamera
- 1980: Bavarian Order of Merit
- 1985: Kassel Literary Prize
- 1988 & 1993: Bambi
- 1990: Order of Merit of Berlin
- 1993: Membership in the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste
- 1993: Honorary citizenship of his hometown Brandenburg an der Havel and his chosen home Münsing
- 1995: Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
- 1997: Membership in the Academy of Arts, Berlin
- 1998: Grand Merit Cross with Star and Sash
- 2001: Honorary degree from the University of Wuppertal
- 2003: Honorary professorship at the Berlin University of the Arts
- 2007: German Comedy Awards Honorary Award
- 2007: Wilhelm Busch Prize
- 2009: Honorary Award of the Deutsche Filmakademie
- 2009: Walk of Fame of Cabaret
- 2010: Honorary membership in the German Sociological Association
- 2011: Charity stamps of four well-known Loriot cartoons
- 2015: Hörzu readers' award for "greatest TV legend"
- "Nicht gut genug, sonst hätte ich am 20. Juli 1944 zum Widerstand gehört. Aber für den schauerlichen deutschen Beitrag zur Weltgeschichte werde ich mich schämen bis an mein Lebensende."
- Kuzmany, Stefan (23 August 2011). "Das wäre jetzt wirklich nicht nötig gewesen. Zum Tode Vicco von Bülows" [That would not have been necessary right now. On Vicco von Bülow's death]. Der Spiegel (in German).
- June 2002 interview with the Süddeutsche Zeitung
- Bayerischer Filmpreis – Bisheriger Preisträger (Former recipients) Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Loriot alias Vicco von Bülow gestorben", Diogenes Verlag (in German)
- "Loriot-Erbin lässt Wikipedia bluten (Loriot Heiress Makes Wikipedia Bleed)". Focus (in German). 17 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Interim Injunction (in German)
- Court decision by the Landgericht Berlin (in German), 27 March 2012.
- "Loriot" (in German). Goldene Kamera. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
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