**Vera Pless** (née Stepen, born March 5, 1931) is an American mathematician specializing in combinatorics and coding theory.^{[1]}^{[2]} She is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

## Biography

Pless was born on Chicago's west side to a Russian Jewish immigrant family.^{[2]} As a teenager, she was more interested in playing the cello than in mathematics, but she left high school two years early to go to the University of Chicago, and finished her studies there in three years.^{[2]} Inspired by Irving Kaplansky to study abstract algebra,^{[3]} she stayed at the university for a master's degree, which she earned in 1952 not long after marrying her husband, a high-energy experimental physicist. She began working in physics at the University of Chicago, but soon won a fellowship to study at Northwestern University. Her husband became a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Pless moved with him to Massachusetts, where she completed her doctorate from Northwestern in 1957 under the supervision of Kaplansky's student Alex F. T. W. Rosenberg,^{[4]} soon before the birth of her first child.^{[2]}

Two years later, bored with being a stay-at-home mother, Pless began teaching courses at Boston University, and a few years later began searching for a full-time job. Unable to obtain an academic position, she took a position at the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory in Massachusetts. where she began working on error-correcting codes.^{[2]} During this time she helped to found an organization called Women in Science and Engineering, and at one point was president.^{[3]} She stayed at AFCRL from 1963 until 1972; a regular visitor and inspiration during this time was Harvard mathematician and cryptographer Andrew Gleason.^{[3]}^{[5]} When the Mansfield amendment banned the military from performing basic research,^{[3]} she moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she worked as a research associate for Project MAC.^{[1]}^{[2]} She returned to Chicago in 1975 as a full professor of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.^{[1]} Her husband and youngest son had remained in the Boston area, and five years after the move, she and her husband divorced.^{[3]} She retired in 2006.^{[6]}

## Awards and honors

In 2012 she became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.^{[7]}

## Selected publications

- Pless, Vera (1982).
*Introduction to the Theory of Error-Correcting Codes*. Wiley-Interscience Series in Discrete Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-08684-3. - Pless, Vera; Richard A. Brualdi; WC Huffman (November 1998).
*Handbook of Coding Theory*. North-Holland Mathematical Library. North-Holland. ISBN 978-0-444-81472-2. - Pless, Vera; WC Huffman (August 2003).
*Fundamentals of Error-Correcting Codes*. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-78280-7. - Pless, Vera; Janet Beissinger (May 2006).
*Cryptoclub: Using Mathematics to Make and Break Secret Codes*. A.K. Peters, Ltd. ISBN 1-56881-223-X.

## References

- ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}"Vera Pless", Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College - ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}^{d}^{e}^{f}O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Vera Pless",*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews. - ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}^{d}^{e}Pless, Vera (September 1991), "In Her Own Words",*Notices of the AMS*,**38**(7): 702–706. **^**Vera Pless at the Mathematics Genealogy Project**^**Spencer, Joel J. (November 2009), Bolker, Ethan D. (ed.), "Andrew Gleason's discrete mathematics" (PDF), Andrew M. Gleason 1921–2008,*Notices of the American Mathematical Society*,**56**(10): 1251–1253.**^**AMS 2006 Fall Central Section Meeting Cincinnati, OH, October 21-22, 2006, Special Session on Algebraic Coding Theory---Honoring the Retirement of Vera Pless, retrieved 2013-05-05.**^**List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-05-05.