An inbound train at Vendôme Station.
|Daily ridership||16,000 (2018) |
|Line number||VH, exo1|
|Website||Vaudreuil–Hudson line (Exo)|
|Line length||64.2 km (39.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8��1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Vaudreuil–Hudson (also designated exo1, formerly known as Dorion–Rigaud) is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is operated by Exo, the organization that operates public transport services across this region.
The Vaudreuil–Hudson line was originally established in 1887 as a Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) passenger service known as the CP Lakeshore West line. It was transferred to Société de transport de Montréal (STCUM) on October 1, 1982. It was refurbished between 1982 and 1990. On January 1, 1996, it was transferred to Exo's predecessor agency, the Agence Métropolitaine de transport (AMT). Exo assumed current operation of the line upon its establishment on June 1, 2017.
There are 13 inbound and 14 outbound departures each weekday.
This line links the Lucien-L'Allier station in downtown Montreal with Hudson to the west of the Island of Montreal. With the completion of the Intermodal station in Vaudreuil, most trains that used to terminate in Dorion, now terminate in Vaudreuil.
The line offers frequent peak-hour service (roughly every 15-20 minutes) to or from Vaudreuil. Outside of rush hours and on weekends, service is approximately every two to five hours. There is only one weekday round trip from the Hudson terminus. This is the only line in Montreal to offer semi-express service; reverse peak trains do not stop at certain smaller stations.
The trains are owned and managed by the Réseau de transport métropolitain, and operated by Bombardier Transportation.
Service on this line started in 1887. Service began with local stops between Montreal and Rigaud being added to trains running between Montreal and Ottawa. Over time, as the population of the western part of the Island of Montreal increased, Canadian Pacific established a dedicated commuter service with several stops on the Island of Montreal and off the western tip of the Island. Over the past 50 years, service patterns on the line have not changed all that much. The average number of weekday round trips has hovered around 12, with weekend and holiday service averaging 3 or 4 trips depending on whether the day is Saturday or Sunday.
STCUM and AMT Service
The commuter line was owned and operated by Canadian Pacific until October 1, 1982. On that date, management and ownership of the commuter trains was transferred to the publicly owned Montreal Urban Community Transit Commission (STCUM). The STCUM set fares and schedules, and assumed ownership of the equipment (passenger cars and locomotives) that Canadian Pacific had used to operate the service. Canadian Pacific continued to provide the tracks, stations, storage, maintenance, and train crews needed to keep the line running. For Montreal commuters, the transfer of ownership was positive because the trains were integrated into the bus and metro system. Over time, the commuter line was upgraded with the purchase of new equipment and renovated stations. The line was transferred to the newly formed Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) on January 1, 1996.
On July 1, 2010, service to Rigaud was discontinued, as the town of Rigaud was unable to justify a $300,000 annual fee, almost double the previous annual fee of $160,000 required by the AMT to maintain train service for a handful of users. The line now ends at Hudson; the 13-km distance between Rigaud and Hudson represented some 17% of the line's total length. At this time the line was renamed: "Dorion" was replaced by "Vaudreuil" in reference to the terminus for most runs, and "Rigaud" was replaced by "Hudson" in reference to the terminus for the extended service.
On June 1st, 2017, the AMT was dissolved and replaced by two new governing bodies, the Autorité régionale de transport métropolitain (ARTM) and the Réseau de transport métropolitain (RTM). The RTM took over all former AMT services, including this line.
In May 2018, the RTM formally re-branded itself as Exo; and renamed each line with a number and updated colour. The Vaudreuil–Hudson line became exo1, and the red line colour was updated to a lighter pastel shade of red.
List of stations
|Lucien-L'Allier||Ville-Marie, Montreal|| Lucien-L'Allier Metro station
STM: 36 (on rue Saint-Antoine),150, 358, 410, 430, 435 (on René Lévesque Boulevard)
|Vendôme||Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal|| Vendôme Metro station|
STM: 17 (north bound at the corner of Decarie Boulevard and De Maisonneuve Boulevard, south bound at the corner of rue Girouard and Upper Lachine Road), 37, 90, 102, 104, 105, 124, 371 (same corners as 17) & 24, 63, 356 (these last three one block north on Sherbrooke Street west)
|Montréal-Ouest||Montreal West||STM: 51, 90 (250 metres south on rue Saint-Jacques), 105, 123, 162, 356|
|Lachine||Lachine, Montreal||STM: 195 (400 metres south on Sherbrooke Street)|
Montréal-Trudeau International Airport
STM: 191, 195, 202, 203, 204 (to and from PET Airport), 209, 211, 354, 356, 378 (Eastbound only), 405, 411 (MB), 425, 460, 485, 495, 496
|Pine Beach||STM: 204, 211, 354, 356, 411 (MB)|
|Valois||Pointe-Claire||STM: 203, 204, 356|
|Pointe-Claire||STM: 203, 211, 354, 405, 411 (MB), 425|
|Cedar Park||STM: 201 (North only), 202, 211, 354, 411 (MB)|
|Beaconsfield||Beaconsfield||STM: 200, 201, 211 (500 metres south on Beaconsfield Blvd.), 217, 261 (train Bus), 354, 382, 411 (MB)||3|
|Beaurepaire||STM: 354, 411 (MB)|
|Baie-d'Urfé||Baie-D'Urfé||STM: 219 (300 metres north on Clark Graham Avenue), 354, 411 (MB)|
|Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue||Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue|| STM: 212, 354|
Exo: 35, 44, 45, 335
|Île-Perrot||Île-Perrot||Exo: 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 91||4|
|Pincourt-Terrasse-Vaudreuil||Pincourt / Terrasse-Vaudreuil||Exo: 31, 33, 44, 91, 335|
|Dorion||Vaudreuil-Dorion||Exo: 3, 5, 8, 15, 35, 91||5|
|Vaudreuil||Exo: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 21, 40, 51, 61, 91, 115|
The commuter line operates over the following Canadian Pacific Railway subdivisions:
- Westmount Subdivision (between Lucien L'Allier [0.1] and Montreal West [4.6]
- Vaudreuil Subdivision (between Montreal-West [0.0] and Dorion [18.9]
- M&O Subdivision (between Dorion [0.0] and Rigaud [16.5] (owned by exo)
- "Vaudreuil–Hudson line - General information". RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
- Wyatt, David. "Banlieues de Montréal, Québec". All-Time List of Canadian Transit Systems. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Vaudreuil–Hudson Schedule" (PDF). RTM. 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
- "West Island Gazette: "Last train to Rigaud on June 30", June 30, 2010". Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
- Leduc, Robert (2010-07-01). "Nouveaux noms des lignes de trains de banlieue (New names for commuter train lines)" (in French). Montreal Express.
- "Plan du Reseau STM 2007" (PDF). STM. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "Plan du Reseau de Nuit STM 2006" (PDF). STM. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.