|Varumayin Niram Sivappu|
Poster of Tamil version
|Directed by||K. Balachander|
|Produced by||R. Venkataraman|
|Written by||K. Balachandar|
|Music by||M.S. Vishwanathan|
|Cinematography||B. S. Lokanath|
|Edited by||N. R. Kittu|
|Distributed by||Premalaya Pictures|
Varumaiyin Niram Sivappu (lit. The colour of poverty is red) is a 1980 Indian Tamil-Telugu drama film directed by K. Balachander, starring Kamal Haasan and Sridevi in the lead roles. The film was simultaneously shot in Telugu as Aakali Rajyam (lit. Kingdom of hunger), released the following year. The film was also remade in Hindi as Zara Si Zindagi with Kamal Haasan and Anita Raj in 1983, directed by K. Balachander himself. The film was blockbuster at box-office.
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The film depicts the struggles of youth and their disillusionment with Indian society in general. Centering three educated but unemployed youth trying to earn a living, the story touches several aspects of the Indian social norms of the period.
S. Rangan (Kamal Haasan) and his friend (R. Dilip) are two unemployed men staying together in Delhi. Thambu (S. Ve. Shekher) subsequently joins them for the purpose of searching a job. Rangan is a straightforward person who does not tolerate anything which involves impersonation and deceit. He follows and practices the words of Mahakavi Bharatiyar in his daily life. Hence he cannot secure any job which tests his attitude and patience. He even fails at getting a job of drawing "No Vacancy" boards. The three share everything they get to eat and suffer from poverty and hunger on most days. Rangan once offers to carry the luggage of Devi (Sridevi) till the railway station. On reaching the place, she pays him, to which Rangan replies that he has no change. She rebukes him in Tamil assuming he does not speak the language that he is trying to cheat her. Rangan is angered by her words and leaves angrily.
Rangan once chases a man (Oru Viral Krishna Rao) to his house to get back the money which he looted by lying to him. The man enters a house and Rangan chases him there and stumbles upon Devi. The man is Devi's father who lost all his money betting on horse races, and now earns a living by cheating the people around him to get money for betting more. He cheated Rangan by saying that his daughter has died and needed money to perform last rites. Devi returns the money to Rangan and she also pays him for carrying her luggage on that day. Devi and Rangan get to know each other better, learning that Rangan is an unemployed straightforward person and Devi is a small-time stage actress in one of the many theatres. Devi goes to Rangan's house to introduce him to her stage play director, so he can replace an ill actor and earn some money. She suggests he finish his lunch before going there, leaving Rangan embarrassed as there is no food to eat. However he and his friends pretend to eat a sumptuous meal inside the kitchen. But Devi finds out that Rangan and his friends hardly eat for real. Hence she spends her own money to provide food for them. When they are about to eat, Devi's grandmother dies and they cannot eat the food.
Rangan's friend somehow earns some money, which he did so by the advice of a friend Dileep. Thambu is very eager to know Dileep and wants to earn money by his way. He runs away from home in search of Dileep. Devi introduces Rangan to a director, Pratap (Pratap Pothen), who is arrogant and short tempered. Rangan cannot act at his direction as the scenes seem to be logically incorrect. He apologises to Devi for letting her down. Rangan explains that his attitude is inherited from his father, Carnatic vocalist Sundaram Pillai (Poornam Vishwanathan), who always scolds him for his inability to find a job on his own. Rangan once sold his father's Thambura to buy a train ticket for Delhi, which angered his father. Rangan decides to leave the home for a while so that the problem between him and his father might subside. Rangan once attacks a dumb road-side drawing artist Barani for watching him and Devi secretly. Actually, he did so to draw a portrait of them. Rangan apologises to him and both Devi and Rangan become his friends. Pratap is madly in love with Devi and he cannot tolerate her closeness with Rangan. Devi once expressed to Barani that she loves Rangan, but is scared to tell him as he might get angry at her. Rangan hears this and he expresses his intentions in the form of a song that he too loves her. Pratap tries to strangle Devi on the stage for a stage play instead of acting. Off-stage he tells her that he loves her madly and immediately wanted to marry her. Devi quits from the stage acting and starts to live at Rangan's house taking up a new job of baby sitting. Devi loses the baby while shopping for a toy for the child and eventually loses her job. But the baby was actually kidnapped by Rangan's friend to demand money from its parents. Rangan slams him and asks for Dileep to which he says that it is fake and there is no Dileep. Rangan tells him get out of the house and not to come again.
Rangan loses all of the jobs due to his straightforwardness and subsequently suffers from poverty but he is not ready to back off from his attitude for the sake of hunger. Hence he tells Devi to choose a better life as he lost all his confidence of making a decent living with her. Prathap threatens to commit suicide if Devi does not marry him. Hence Devi decides to accept his proposal on the condition that Pratap must recommend a job for Rangan to his father, to which Pratap accepts unwillingly. But Rangan gets angry on seeing Devi with Prathap and goes away. Barani dies in a road accident while seeking Rangan. Devi finds Rangan and tells to him that he is the one who she loves and she will not leave him ever, which angers Pratap and he goes away. Rangan's father comes to Delhi to find his son and meets him as a barber. Rangan explains that he feels satisfied with the job as he does not have to cheat, impersonate or fake his life for anything. The story ends with Rangan and Devi started a fresh life and Sundaram Pillai accepted his son's decision. Rangan's friend is now a husband of a rich widowed woman who is elder than him and Thambu turns into a mad beggar in search of Dileep, who does not exist.
- Kamal Haasan as Sundaram Rangan, main male protagonist of the film, Rangan has come from Tamil Nadu to Delhi in search for a job quarrelling with his father Sundaram Pillai, He is an atheist and likes to recite Subramania Bharati's poems, he also dislikes Indian society-system and government. Rangan's name is J. Ranga Rao in the Telugu version and he recites Sri Sri's poems there.
- Sridevi as Devi, main female protagonist and Rangan's lover, she works in a stage-play but later leaves that.
- R. Dilip as Dilip, R. Dilip's character's name is not told throughout the movie but it can be assured that his name starts with the letter "A" as in front of their mess where they live 'RAT' (R for Rangan, T for Thambu) word can be seen, the name Dilip is an imaginary character who is a fraud and it is actually himself ("A").
- S. Ve. Shekher as Thambu, a goofy man from Tamil Nadu joins Rangan and "A" in their living mess, he becomes a demented person in the last part of the film.
- Poornam Viswanathan as Sundaram Pillai (Rangan's father), an arrogant man who hates his son Rangan, but later regrets it.
- J. V. Ramana Murthi plays the father's role in the Telugu version, his name is Jonnalagadda Venkata Ramanayya Panthulu there.
- Pratap Pothen as Pratap, the stage-play director of Devi, has a strong obsession for her, but fails to get her for Rangan as Devi loves Rangan.
- Oru Viral Krishna Rao as Devi's father, an unemployed frustrated man who takes money from his daughter for his own expenses, but one day leaves their home and does not return.
- Thengai Srinivasan as Rangan's saloon customer (guest role, shown in the last part of the film).
- Bharani as the dumb painter Bharani
Pratap Pothen was cast in the role of an eccentric director "with an unhealthy obsession for an actress." He also revealed that K. Balachander insisted that he dub his own voice for the film. S. Ve. Shekher who debuted in Ninaithale Inikkum (1979) and newcomer R. Dilip were cast in the role of Kamal Haasan's friends.
|Varumaiyin Niram Sivappu|
|Soundtrack album by|
The soundtrack was composed by M.S. Viswanathan and lyrics were written by Kannadasan for Tamil and by Acharya Aatreya for Telugu. The song "Sippi Irukkuthu"/"Kanne Pillavani" was well received, "Pattu Onnu Paadu"/"Saapaattu Yetuledu" is a satirical song about the India's economy in the 1970s. The Tamil version also includes two songs written by 'Mahakavi' Subramania Bharati. The song "Nalladhor Veenai" is based on Tilang raga. P. B. Srinivas wrote the Hindi song "Tu Hai Raja". Thanks to M.S.Viswanathan, both in Tamil and Telugu, the songs were super hit when released and still stay as fresh classic masterpieces.
All tracks are written by Kannadasan.
|1.||"Sippi Irukkuthu"||Kannadasan||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki||5:04|
|2.||"Theerthakkarayinile"||'Mahakavi' Subramania Bharati||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||2:34|
|3.||"Ranga Rangaiah"||Kannadasan||P. Susheela||3:04|
|4.||"Nalladhor Veenai Seidhe"||'Mahakavi' Subramania Bharati||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||3:39|
|5.||"Paattu Onnu Paadu Thambi"||Kannadasan||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||4:38|
|6.||"Tu Hai Raja"||P. B. Srinivas||S. Janaki||3:56|
|1.||"Kanne Pillavani"||Aatreya||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki||5:04|
|2.||"O Mahatma O Maharshi"||Sri Sri||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||2:34|
|3.||"Gussa Rangayya"||Aatreya||P. Susheela||3:04|
|4.||"Kooti Kosam Kooli Kosam"||Sri Sri||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||3:39|
|5.||"Saapaattu Yetuledu Paataina Paadu"||Aatreya||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||4:38|
|6.||"Tu Hai Raja"||P. B. Srinivas||S. Janaki||3:56|
Pratap Pothen recalled in January 2015 that it was the simultaneous release of Moodu Pani (another film featuring him) and Varumayin Niram Sivappu that made him a star. However, both Moodu Pani – which depicted Pothen as a psychopath who murders prostitutes – and Varumayin Niram Sivappu led to him being typecast in similar roles. "Both roles caught the public imagination, and I admit I cashed in when I was offered similar stuff. Now, unless I'm offered an unreasonable amount of money, I doubt I'll accept these roles," he said in a 2014 interview.
Awards and nominations
- Filmfare Awards South
- 1980: Tamil Nadu State Film Awards
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- G. Dhananjayan (2011). The Best of Tamil Cinema, 1931 to 2010: 1977–2010. Galatta Media. p. 46.
- Srinivasan, Sudhir (18 October 2014). "Hundred, not out". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 December 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- V. Raman, Mohan (3 January 2015). "KB: Kollywood's Discovery Channel". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- T. SARAVANAN. "Jest for fun". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- Staff Reporter. "Actor Dileep passes away". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 September 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- CHARULATHA MANI. "Heart-warming Tilang". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 September 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2015.