Vishwanath Patankar Madhava Rao
Portrait of V. P. Madhava Rao
|Diwan of Baroda|
|17th Diwan of the Mysore kingdom|
30 June 1906 – 31 March 1909
|Monarch||Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV|
|Preceded by||P. N. Krishnamurti|
|Succeeded by||T. Ananda Rao|
|Diwan of Travancore|
|Preceded by||K. Krishnaswamy Rao|
|Succeeded by||S. Gopalachari|
Kumbakonam, Madras Presidency
Early life and education
Madhava Rao came of an ancient family of Thanjavur Marathi Deshastha Brahmin family, long ago settled in Tanjore, who was supposed to have emigrated from the Satara district to south India in the wake of Maratha conquest of Tanjore. Madhava Rao was born in February 1850 in Kumbakonam, Madras Presidency. He was educated at Kumbakonam College with studies under William Archer Porter. He completed his B. A. in 1869 and was appointed as a headmaster in royal school in the Mysore kingdom.
Madhava Rao entered the service of the Mysore kingdom in 1869 as a headmaster of the royal school. He was later appointed public prosecutor of Mysore and served in the Judicial and Revenue departments. He also served as Inspector General of Police, Plague Commissioner in the Mysore kingdom from 1898 to 1901 and Revenue Commissioner from 1902 to 1904 before being appointed Diwan in 1906.
Diwan of Mysore
Madhava Rao served as Diwan of the Mysore kingdom from 30 June 1906 to 31 March 1909. In 1906, a law was passed empowering members of the Mysore Legislative Assembly to pass laws. The new legislature was constituted on 6 March 1907. The Land Revenue Code was amended to make the Revenue Commissioner the Chief Revenue authority and was also given charge of the treasury. A Department of Public Health was created and competitive exams for the Mysore Civil Service were revived. Taxes on arecanut were revoked.
Kindergarten schools were introduced in the kingdom and primary education was made free. A number of irrigation projects were undertaken. The Marikanite Works were completed in 1906-07 and the Cauvery Power Works at Belagola in 1907-08. The Government sanctioned a free grant of land to the Indian Institute of Science.
Madhava Rao was made a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1899 and was awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal in 1900.
- The Indian Review, Volume 18 By G.A. Natesan,Page 863
- Indian Statesmen, Dewans and Prime Ministers of Native States By G.A. Natesan , Page 113
- Prasad, S Narendra (23 June 2015). "Revisiting days of yore" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Mysore Gazetteer. p. 3148.
- Mysore Gazetteer. pp. 3020–3026.