|Directed by||G. Aravindan|
|Produced by||Pattathuvila Karunakaran|
Balan K. Nair
|Music by||K. Raghavan|
M. B. Sreenivasan
|Cinematography||Mankada Ravi Varma|
|Edited by||A. Rameshan|
Ganesh Movie Makers
Uttarayanam (English: Throne of Capricorn) is a 1975 Malayalam-language film directed by G. Aravindan and written by Thikkodiyan. Aravindan, who is considered the doyen of Malayalam parallel cinema, debuted with this film. The film, which exposes opportunism and hypocrisy set against the backdrop of the Independence struggle, is inspired by Aravindan's own cartoon series, titled Cheriya Lokavum Valiya Manushyarum (Small World and Big People), which was published in Mathrubhumi for several years.
The film is about Ravi, an unemployed young man, who has to face a series of encounters during his search for a job. Ravi reflects on the past struggles of the anti-British freedom fighters he has learned about from his paralyzed father. He eventually meets Gopalan Muthalaly, a leader of Quit India movement, but now a corrupt contractor. Mohandas plays the protagonist and Kunju, Balan K. Nair, Adoor Bhasi, Kunjandi and Sukumaran play other roles. The film garnered wide critical praise and several awards, including five Kerala State Film Awards, upon release. It was a prophetic film that foresaw the dark era of national emergency that was to follow immediately. From Utharayanam’s idealist and political conflicts, Aravindan moved to the eternal dilemma relating to power and justice. Widely regarded as one of the finest films of Aravindan, it has influenced the parallel cinema movement in Kerala to a great extent.
Ravi is an unemployed MA graduate who writes exams and attends interviews but fails to land a job. He lives with his mother and grandmother. His grandfather, Madhavan Menon was a Gandhian who believed in non-cooperation movement and held non-violent protests against the British. Madhavan Menon married off his daughter to Govindan who turns out to be a revolutionary who believed in Bhagat Singh and armed revolution as the only solution to oust the British Empire. Menon's brother-in-law is Adhikaari who helps the police officers to capture both Congress supporters and revolutionary rebels. Inside the revolutionary movement itself are the soft-heartened like Gopalan who betray the movements on being questioned by the police. Ravi spends time with Kumaran Master, who was a fellow revolutionary with his father. Master spends his time making masks. Both of them visit Achuthan who was another revolutionary but is now frail and bedridden. Master provides Ravi with a letter to meet Gopalan, who Ravi finds is now a rich businessman who drinks liquor with political leaders of minority communities and talk about the freedom struggle days. Ravi meets David, a college-mate of his who hated politics back then, but is now a Trade Union activist who helps Gopalan muthalali with construction of star hotel. Ravi meets Premkumar, another college-mate who is a medical representative and spends his leisure time on drinks, smoke and women. For some days, Ravi stays with Premkumar and his room-mate former Mr. Kerala and bodybuilder Balan who advises them about health being wealth. Ravi is not able to reciprocate the love shown to him by Radha. In the end, a disillusioned Ravi goes to the mountains and seeks a godman who reads to him from the Upanishads about not lusting after another person's possessions. Ravi finally arrives in the presence of a tribal woman burning leaves and throws his mask into it.
- Dr. Mohandas as Ravi
- Kunjandi as Kumaran Master, a former revolutionary
- Adoor Bhasi as Adhikari
- Sukumaran as Premkumar, Medical Representative
- Vijayan as David, Trade Union leader
- Balan K. Nair as Achuthan, a revolutionary
- Mallika Sukumaran as Radha
- Premji as Madhavan Menon, Ravi's grandfather, a staunch Congress supporter
- Radhamani as mother
- Santha Devi as grandmother
- T. G. Ravi as Govindan, Ravi's father, a revolutionary
The music was composed by K. Raghavan.
|1||"Hridayathin Romaancham"||K. J. Yesudas||G. Kumarapilla|
|2||"Kulippaanaay"||K. P. Brahmanandan, Chorus||G. Kumarapilla|
|3||"Radhavadana Vilokana"||K. P. Brahmanandan||G. Kumarapilla|
|4||"Sreemahaaganesha Sthothram" (Pancharathna)||P. B. Sreenivas||G. Kumarapilla|
- Best Film - Pattathuvila Karunakaran (producer), G. Aravindan (director)
- Best Director - G. Aravindan
- Best Screenplay - Thikkodiyan, G. Aravindan
- Best Photography (Black and white) - Mankada Ravi Varma
- Second Best Actor - Balan K. Nair
- Best Art Director - Artist Namboothiri
- Award for the Best Feature Film on the 25th Anniversary of India's Independence
- National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam
- Bibekananda Ray and Naveen Joshi (2001). Conscience of the race: India's offbeat cinema. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 95. ISBN 81-230-1298-5.
- Directorate of Film Festivals (1981). The New generation, 1960-1980. Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. p. 48.
- Sashi Kumar (2 January 2010). "Aravindan's art". Frontline. The Hindu. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "G. Aravindan: Uttarayanam". Cinemafmalayalam.net. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "Kerala State Film Awards: 1969 - 2008" Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Information and Public Relations Department of Kerala. Retrieved 20 January 2011.