University Settlement Society of New York
University Settlement Society of New York
|Location||184 Eldridge Street|
Manhattan New York City
|Architect||Howells & Stokes|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP reference No.||86002515 |
|Added to NRHP||September 11, 1986|
The University Settlement Society of New York is an American organization which provides educational and social services to immigrants and low-income families, located at 184 Eldridge Street (corner of Eldridge and Rivington Streets) on the Lower East Side of the Manhattan borough of New York City, New York. It provides numerous services for the mostly immigrant population of the neighborhood and has since 1886, when it was established as the first settlement house in the United States.[clarification needed]
Historically the settlement house, much like other settlement houses like Hull House (in Chicago, Illinois) and the Henry Street Settlement (also on the Lower East Side), served as a homes for hundreds of thousands of immigrants who arrived in the United States in the late-19th and early-20th century. They provided courses for new immigrants on everything from politics to the English language to basketball. The University Settlement House also included a library, kindergarten and the first public baths. These settlements were also loci of Progressive Era reform.
When founded, the resident workers at the University Settlement were all male and recent graduates of colleges. Several of these men were writers in addition to settlement house workers and used their writing as social protest and a means of reform. Residents between 1900 and 1907 included socialist writer William English Walling, a founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Pulitzer Prize-winner Ernest Poole; Howard Brubaker, who later became a columnist for The New Yorker; writer Arthur Bullard; journalist Hamilton Holt; and author Walter Weyl, a founding editor of The New Republic. Their interest in reform led to several articles and books on the housing and employment situation of workers on the Lower East Side, particularly women and children.
One issue that captured the imagination of many of the University Settlement writers was revolution in Russia. Many of the immigrants they met on the Lower East Side were Jews from the Russian empire who were typically severely repressed under Nicholas II of Russia. Through their interaction with these immigrants several of the residents became vocal advocates of reform in Russia. During 1905 and 1906, Poole, Walling and Bullard traveled to Russia to cover the abortive 1905 Russian Revolution. They established contacts and helped establish a connection between radical writers in the U.S. and Russian revolutionaries.
University Settlement continues to provide support services to residents of the Lower East Side, and now offers programs in 31 locations across Manhattan and Brooklyn. Programs serve New Yorkers of all ages and include child care, pre-school, housing assistance, mental health services, college and career preparation, crisis intervention, activities for seniors, arts events, English classes, after-school programs and summer camps.
Notable alumni and staff
- Howard Brubaker – columnist, The New Yorker
- Nicholas Murray Butler – Nobel Peace Prize recipient
- Andrew Carnegie – industrialist and businessman
- George Gershwin – musician
- Ira Gershwin – musician
- Joseph Benson Gilder – editor, The New York Times Review of Books
- Samuel Halpert – artist
- Hamilton Holt – journalist
- Henry Holt – publisher
- Seth Low – Mayor of New York City
- Pauline Arnoux MacArthur – clubwoman, suffragist, librettist
- Clara Pasvolsky – concert singer
- Gifford Pinchot – Governor of Pennsylvania
- Ernest Poole – Pulitzer Prize winner
- Peter Riegert – actor
- Eleanor Roosevelt
- Elihu Root – Nobel Peace Prize recipient
- Jean Toomer - Author, "Cane"
- Carl Schurz – US Senator and Cabinet member
- Jacob Schiff – banker and philanthropist
- Barney Sedran – Basketball Hall of Famer
- Charles Bunstein Stover – New York City Parks Commissioner
- Mary van Kleeck, social feminist
- William English Walling – founder, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
- Walter Weyl – author; founding editor, The New Republic
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
- "About Us - University Settlement". Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- "Charles Stover". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Legacy of Light, 1986.
- McClurken, Kara M. "van Kleeck, Mary". Social Welfare History Project. The Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Davis, Allen (1985, reprint). Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements & the Progressive Movement, 1890 to 1914. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
- Carson, Mina (1990). Settlement Folk: Social Thought and the American Settlement Movement, 1885–1930 University of Chicago Press.
- Scheuer, Jeffrey (1986). Legacy of Light: University Settlement's First Century. New York City: University Settlement.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University Settlement House.|
- universitysettlement.org, the organization's official website