|United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
|Location||Everett McKinley Dirksen U.S. Courthouse|
|Established||June 16, 1891|
|Circuit Justice||Amy Coney Barrett|
|Chief Judge||Diane S. Sykes|
- Central District of Illinois
- Northern District of Illinois
- Southern District of Illinois
- Northern District of Indiana
- Southern District of Indiana
- Eastern District of Wisconsin
- Western District of Wisconsin
The court offers a relatively unique internet presence that includes wiki and RSS feeds of opinions and oral arguments. It is also notable for having one of the most prominent law and economics scholars, Judge Frank H. Easterbrook, on its court. Richard Posner, another prominent law and economics scholar, also served on this court until his retirement in 2017. Three judges from the Seventh Circuit, Sherman Minton, John Paul Stevens, and Amy Coney Barrett, have been appointed as Associate Justices of the Supreme Court.
Current composition of the court
As of December 17, 2020[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|52||Chief Judge||Diane S. Sykes||Milwaukee, WI||1957||2004–present||2020–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|44||Circuit Judge||Frank H. Easterbrook||Chicago, IL||1948||1985–present||2006–2013||—||Reagan|
|47||Circuit Judge||Michael Stephen Kanne||Lafayette, IN||1938||1987–present||—||—||Reagan|
|48||Circuit Judge||Ilana Rovner||Chicago, IL||1938||1992–present||—||—||G.H.W. Bush|
|49||Circuit Judge||Diane Wood||Chicago, IL||1950||1995–present||2013–2020||—||Clinton|
|54||Circuit Judge||David F. Hamilton||Bloomington, IN||1957||2009–present||—||—||Obama|
|56||Circuit Judge||Michael B. Brennan||Milwaukee, WI||1963||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|57||Circuit Judge||Michael Y. Scudder||Chicago, IL||1971||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|58||Circuit Judge||Amy J. St. Eve||Chicago, IL||1965||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|59||Circuit Judge||Thomas Kirsch||Hammond, IN||1974||2020–present||—||—||Trump|
|37||Senior Circuit Judge||William Joseph Bauer||Chicago, IL||1926||1974–1994||1986–1993||1994–present||Ford|
|43||Senior Circuit Judge||Joel Flaum||Chicago, IL||1936||1983–2020||2000–2006||2020–present||Reagan|
|45||Senior Circuit Judge||Kenneth Francis Ripple||South Bend, IN||1943||1985–2008||—||2008–present||Reagan|
|46||Senior Circuit Judge||Daniel Anthony Manion||South Bend, IN||1942||1986–2007||—||2007–present||Reagan|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Prior judge's duty station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|2||Chicago||Joel Flaum||Senior status||November 30, 2020||Candace Jackson-Akiwumi||pending|
List of former judges
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Walter Q. Gresham||IN||1832–1895||1891–1893||—||—||||resignation|
|2||William Allen Woods||IN||1837–1901||1892–1901||—||—||B. Harrison||death|
|3||James Graham Jenkins||WI||1834–1921||1893–1905||—||—||Cleveland||retirement|
|4||John William Showalter||IL||1844–1898||1895–1898||—||—||Cleveland||death|
|5||Peter S. Grosscup||IL||1852–1921||1899–1911||—||—||McKinley||resignation|
|6||Francis Elisha Baker||IN||1860–1924||1902–1924||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|7||William Henry Seaman||WI||1842–1915||1905–1915||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|8||Christian Cecil Kohlsaat||IL||1844–1918||1905–1918||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|—||Julian Mack||IL||1866–1943||1911–1929||—||—||||reassigned to the 6th Circuit|
|10||Evan Alfred Evans||WI||1876–1948||1916–1948||—||—||Wilson||death|
|11||George True Page||IL||1859–1941||1919–1930||—||1930–1941||Wilson||death|
|12||Albert Barnes Anderson||IN||1857–1938||1925–1929||—||1929–1938||Coolidge||death|
|13||William Morris Sparks||IN||1872–1950||1929–1948||1948||1948–1950||Hoover||death|
|14||Louis Fitzhenry||IL||1870–1935||1933–1935||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|15||James Earl Major||IL||1887–1972||1937–1956||1948–1954||1956–1972||F. Roosevelt||death|
|16||Walter Emanuel Treanor||IN||1883–1941||1937–1941||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Otto Kerner Sr.||IL||1884–1952||1938–1952||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|18||Sherman Minton||IN||1890–1965||1941–1949||—||—||F. Roosevelt||elevation to Supreme Court|
|19||F. Ryan Duffy||WI||1888–1979||1949–1966||1954–1959||1966–1979||Truman||death|
|20||Philip J. Finnegan||IL||1886–1959||1949–1959||—||—||Truman||death|
|21||Walter C. Lindley||IL||1880–1958||1949–1958||—||—||Truman||death|
|22||Hardress Nathaniel Swaim||IN||1880–1957||1949–1957||—||—||Truman||death|
|23||Elmer Jacob Schnackenberg||IL||1889–1968||1953–1968||—||—||Eisenhower||death|
|24||John Simpson Hastings||IN||1898–1977||1957–1969||1959–1968||1969–1977||Eisenhower||death|
|25||William Lynn Parkinson||IN||1902–1959||1957–1959||—||—||Eisenhower||death|
|26||Winfred George Knoch||IL||1895–1983||1958–1967||—||1967–1983||Eisenhower||death|
|29||Luther Merritt Swygert||IN||1905–1988||1961–1981||1970–1975||1981–1988||Kennedy||death|
|30||Thomas E. Fairchild||WI||1912–2007||1966–1981||1975–1981||1981–2007||L. Johnson||death|
|31||Walter J. Cummings Jr.||IL||1916–1999||1966–1999||1981–1986||—||L. Johnson||death|
|32||Otto Kerner Jr.||IL||1908–1976||1968–1974||—||—||L. Johnson||resignation|
|33||Wilbur Frank Pell Jr.||IN||1915–2000||1970–1984||—||1984–2000||Nixon||death|
|34||John Paul Stevens||IL||1920–2019||1970–1975||—||—||Nixon||elevation to Supreme Court|
|35||Robert Arthur Sprecher||IL||1917–1982||1971–1982||—||—||Nixon||death|
|36||Philip Willis Tone||IL||1923–2001||1974–1980||—||—||Nixon||resignation|
|38||Harlington Wood Jr.||IL||1920–2008||1976–1992||—||1992–2008||Ford||death|
|39||Richard Dickson Cudahy||WI||1926–2015||1979–1994||—||1994–2015||Carter||death|
|40||Jesse E. Eschbach||IN||1920–2005||1981–1985||—||1985–2005||Reagan||death|
|42||John Louis Coffey||WI||1922–2012||1982–2004||—||2004–2012||Reagan||death|
|50||Terence T. Evans||WI||1940–2011||1995–2010||—||2010–2011||Clinton||death|
|51||Ann Claire Williams||IL||1949–present||1999–2017||—||2017–2018||Clinton||retirement|
|53||John Daniel Tinder||IN||1950–present||2007–2015||—||2015||G.W. Bush||retirement|
|55||Amy Coney Barrett||IN||1972–present||2017–2020||—||—||Trump||elevation to Supreme Court|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats
The court has eleven seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were initially filled. Judges who assume senior status enter a kind of retirement in which they remain on the bench, while vacating their seats, thus allowing the president to appoint new judges to fill their seats.
- Courts of Illinois
- Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts#Seventh Circuit
- List of current United States Circuit Judges
- Same-sex marriage in the Seventh Circuit
- Seventh Circuit Opinions. The Seventh Circuit is now joined by the Courts of Appeals for the First, Second, Fourth, Ninth, DC, and Federal Circuits in having RSS feeds of their opinions.
- Lewis, Neil A. (May 11, 2009). "Potential Justice Offers a Counterpoint in Chicago". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
- O'Connell, Jason Meisner, Patrick M. "Richard Posner announces sudden retirement from federal appeals court in Chicago". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
- Gresham was appointed as a circuit judge for the Seventh Circuit in 1884 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.
- Mack did not have a permanent seat on this court. Instead, he was appointed to the ill-fated United States Commerce Court in 1910 by William Howard Taft. Aside from their duties on the Commerce Court, the judges of the Commerce Court also acted as at-large appellate judges, able to be assigned by the Chief Justice of the United States to whichever circuit most needed help. Mack was assigned to the Seventh Circuit upon his commission.
- Recess appointment, later confirmed by the United States Senate.
- "Standard Search". Federal Law Clerk Information System. Archived from the original on October 21, 2005. Retrieved July 2, 2005.
- primary but incomplete source for the duty stations
- "Instructions for Judicial Directory". University of Texas Law School. Archived from the original on November 11, 2005. Retrieved July 2, 2005.
- secondary source for the duty stations
- data is current to 2002
- "U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on April 18, 2005. Retrieved July 2, 2005.
- source for the state, lifetime, term of active judgeship, term of chief judgeship, term of senior judgeship, appointer, termination reason, and seat information
|Wikisource has original works on the topic: United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|