|Union Pacific 844|
Union Pacific FEF-3 No. 844 running through Painted Rocks, Nevada, on September 15, 2009
Union Pacific 844 is a 4-8-4 FEF-3-class steam locomotive owned and operated by the Union Pacific Railroad. Built in December 1944 by the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) of Schenectady, New York, No. 844 is one of just four surviving FEF locomotives and the only one in operating condition.
The locomotive operated in revenue service until 1959. It was initially placed into storage while awaiting withdrawal, along with the rest of the Union Pacific steam locomotive fleet. In 1960, railroad leaders recognized the benefits of having a steam program, and retained No. 844 for special activities, the kernel of what has become the Union Pacific heritage fleet. Today, it is one of UP's oldest serving locomotives and the only steam locomotive never retired by a North American Class I railroad.
In 1944, Union Pacific and ALCO collaborated on the FEF-3, a class of 10 locomotives designed to pull passenger trains at 120 mph. An FEF-3 locomotive once pulled a 1,000-ton passenger train at 100 mph. All FEF classes were considered by the Union Pacific to be capable of producing between 4,000 and 5,000 drawbar horsepower.
The FEF-3 class represented the epitome of dual-service steam locomotive development; funds and research were being concentrated into the development of diesel-electric locomotives. Designed to burn coal, they were converted to run on fuel oil in 1946. Like the earlier FEF-1 and FEF-2 classes, the FEF-3 locomotives were ultimately reassigned to freight service.
UP 844 was the last steam locomotive delivered to the Union Pacific Railroad, constructed as a member of the FEF-3 class of 4-8-4's. Upon its entry into service, the locomotive spent most of its career pulling a variety of passenger trains, such as the Overland Limited, Los Angeles Limited, Portland Rose and Challenger. From 1957 to 1959, UP 844 was reassigned to fast freight service in Nebraska when diesel-electric locomotives took over passenger service.
After commercial steam operations ended in 1959, the 844 and the rest of the FEF-3 class was placed into storage. Saved from scrapping in 1960, No. 844 was chosen for rebuilding and is now used on company and public excursion trains, along with revenue freight during ferry moves.
Since 1960, No. 844 has run hundreds of thousands of miles as Union Pacific's publicity locomotive. Before it was discontinued in early 2019, the locomotive often pulled the annual Denver Post-sponsored Cheyenne Frontier Days train that ran round-trip from Cheyenne to Denver every July.
It appeared at Expo '74 in Spokane, Washington; the 1978 dedication of the Utah State Railroad Museum in Ogden, Utah; the 1984 World's Fair in New Orleans; and the 50th anniversary celebration of Los Angeles Union Station in 1989, when it performed a side-by-side run with Southern Pacific 4449. On February 14, 1975, it pulled Amtrak's San Francisco Zephyr from Denver, Colorado, to Cheyenne, Wyoming, with a pair of EMD SDP40Fs. In 1981, it traveled to the opening of the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento, along with Union Pacific 3985, which had recently been restored to operational condition.
It participated in the 1990 NRHS alongside St. Louis Southwestern 4-8-4 819, St. Louis-San Francisco 4-8-2 1522, and Norfolk and Western 2-6-6-4 1218. During the event, the 844 and the 1522 double-headed an excursion with several passenger cars.
Over the weekend of October 14, 1990, No. 844 led a procession of special trains from Kansas City Union Station to Abilene, Kansas, for World War II veterans to celebrate the 100th birthday of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The "Eisenhower Centennial Special" was composed of cars from the Union Pacific, Burlington Northern, and Santa Fe Railway business fleets, with additional passenger cars provided by the Norfolk Southern and Chicago and North Western railroads. Present also in Abilene was General Eisenhower's command train, code-named "Bayonet", including the British A4 steam locomotive #60008 and communication and staff cars from WWII's European Theater of Operations.
On June 21, 1997, on the way to the National Railway Historical Society (NHRS)'s annual convention in Salt Lake City, Utah, the recently overhauled 844 and Union Pacific's Executive E units pulled 18 passenger cars on the Union Pacific's soon-to-close Tennessee Pass line, which included tracks on a narrow canyon shelf along the Arkansas River.
On June 24, 1999, while on display during RailFair '99, one of the 844's boiler tubes failed, and the locomotive was subsequently towed dead back to Cheyenne by No. 3985. The tube was found to have been made of the wrong material during an overhaul in 1996, a discovery that prompted the replacement of the firebox in a complete overhaul that lasted from 2001 to 2004. It returned to operating service on November 10, 2004.
On June 25 and 26, 2010, it made an excursion trip to Milliken, Colorado's centennial celebration.
In September 2012, the locomotive was used in "UP 150", a celebration of Union Pacific's 150th anniversary celebration, hosted by the California State Railroad Museum.
After the 2013 season, the locomotive was taken out of service for boiler work required by a change in the water treatment. It spent 2014 in Cheyenne, then received an early 15-year inspection the following year.
On June 16 and 17, 2016, the 844 was test fired. On July 12, 2016, the Union Pacific Steam Team took the locomotive on a "break-in run" as a sort of all-systems check and dress rehearsal for its return to service. The run was described as a complete success. On July 23, 2016, it pulled the Frontier train for the Cheyenne Frontiers Day .
On October 13, 2016, the Union Pacific Steam Team started its 18-day "Trek To Tennessee" journey, the restored 844's first major trip.
In April 2017, No. 844 made its first run on the Oregon Short Line Railroad to celebrate the 92nd anniversary of the Boise Union Pacific Depot. Because of heavy snows and a wet spring, the trip was cut short and the engine had to run light across the Malad River because of a washed-out bridge.
In December 2018, Union Pacific requested Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) waivers to exempt UP Nos. 844, 3985, and 4014 from federal Positive Train Control (PTC) requirements in February 2019, the FRA officials responded that such waivers were not needed.
On May 4, 2019, No. 844 participated in the inaugural run of the newly-restored Big Boy No. 4014. The train departed the historic Cheyenne Depot following a christening ceremony for No. 4014. The two locomotives arrived at the Ogden Union Station on May 9 for the city's Heritage Festival. The two locomotives were on display at the station until May 12, when the return trip to Cheyenne began. They arrived at Cheyenne on May 19, concluding the first run of No. 4014 in excursion service.
Union Pacific "8444"
From 1962 to 1989, the locomotive was numbered UP 8444 because the railroad had given the number 844 to an EMD GP30 locomotive. After the GP30 was retired from service in June 1989, No. 8444 was renumbered back to 844. The GP30 is now owned by Nevada State Railroad Museum in Boulder City, Nevada, and operates periodically at the Nevada Southern Railroad Museum. There is now an EMD SD70ACe in UP's roster numbered 8444, used as a placeholder to insure that the 844 will not be renumbered.
Accidents and incidents
On September 27, 2012, during the "UP 150" event, No. 844's tender derailed on tightly curved track from the Union Pacific's Martinez Subdivision to the California State Railroad Museum. The tender was returned to the rails at 7:30 p.m.
On July 22, 2018, the 844 was involved in a fatal pedestrian accident in Henderson, Colorado. The engine was leading the Cheyenne Frontier Days Special, which carries people to and from Denver and Cheyenne each year for the festival. The train was on its way to Denver when the pedestrian was hit. The train was stopped immediately following the accident. Police reported that the victim was trying to take photos of the train while standing too close to the tracks before she was hit.
Surviving FEF Series locomotives
A second 4-8-4 of the same class, UP 838, is kept in the shops at Cheyenne, Wyoming, as a source of spare parts. However, as most of its usable parts have already been applied to 844, it is more likely to see use as a source of pattern parts for reproduction replacements. Reputedly, 838's boiler is in better condition than that of 844, due to 838 having not been in steam since retirement, compared to 844's relatively heavy use since 1960.
UP 8444 was documented in the 1981 film "Eighty Four Forty Four" by the Union Pacific Railroad. Some of those clips would be later used for the opening and closing credits of the PBS show Shining Time Station, which ran from 1989 until 1995 (including the four hour long Family Specials).
UP 844 (and several other restored steam locomotives) appear in the music video with the Pat Metheny Group's "Last Train Home".
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