The Dog & Partridge
|Population||3,076 2011 Census|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Tutbury is a village and civil parish in Staffordshire, England. It is 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Burton upon Trent and 20 miles (32 km) south of the Peak District. The village has a population of about 3,076 residents. It adjoins Hatton to the north on the Staffordshire–Derbyshire border.
Tutbury is surrounded by the agricultural countryside of both Staffordshire and Derbyshire. The site has been inhabited for over 3,000 years, with Iron Age defensive ditches encircling the main defensive hill, upon which now stand the ruins of the Norman castle. These ditches can be seen most clearly at the Park Pale and at the top of the steep hills behind Park Lane.
The name Tutbury probably derives from a Scandinavian settler and subsequent chief of the hill-fort, Totta, bury being a corruption of burh the Anglo-Saxon name for 'fortified place'.
Tutbury Castle became the headquarters of Henry de Ferrers and was the centre of the wapentake of Appletree, which included Duffield Frith. With his wife Bertha, he endowed Tutbury Priory with two manors in about 1080. It would seem that Tutbury at that time was a dependency of the Norman abbey of St Pierre‑sur‑Dives. Quarries near Tutbury once produced Nottingham alabaster, used for monumental carvings. The Priory Church, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, has a unique west door with the only known alabaster arch (circa 1160) in the country.
There are some fine Georgian and Regency buildings and the half-timbered Dog and Partridge Hotel. There are antique and craft shops in the village, some of which have been run by the same families for many years.
Until 2006, Tutbury Crystal, a manufacturer of high-quality cut glass products, was based in the village. However, production was transferred to Stoke-on-Trent as the existing factory was very old and was thought to be too small for the modern company's requirements. The old factory was demolished and flats were built on the site, but a factory shop still operates in the village. Despite this, the tourism trade survives thanks to the long history of the church and castle.
- William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (died 1190), an English earl, lived in Tutbury Castle, and Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby (1239–1279), one of his descendants, was born there.
- Ann Moore (1761–1813), the notorious "fasting-woman of Tutbury", claimed to have eaten nothing at all from 1807 to 1813, but her claims were eventually shown to be a hoax.
- Benjamin Brook (1776–1848), an English nonconformist minister and religious historian, was the first pastor of the congregational church at Tutbury in 1801.
- Walter Lyon (1841–1918), an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Cambridge University between 1861 and 1863, moved to Tutbury in 1865 with his younger brother Charles to take over the cotton mill, and died in Tutbury.
- John Henry Davies (c. 1864 in Tutbury – 1927), a wealthy British brewery owner who took over Manchester United F.C., then called Newton Heath, in 1902, was born in Tutbury.
- Thomas Richardson (1865–1923), a cricketer who played first-class cricket for Derbyshire in 1895, was born and died in Tutbury.
- George Harris (born 1877), an English footballer who played 71 professional games, became the landlord of a public house at Tutbury on retirement.
- Air Vice Marshal William Staton, CB, DSO & Bar, MC, DFC & Bar (1898–1983), a British airman in World War I and later Japanese PoW in World War II and senior RAF officer, was born in Tutbury.
- Joseph Nelis (1917–1994), Belgian footballer, was born in Tutbury.
- Marios Costambeys, 'Ferrers, Henry de (d. 1093x1 100)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 [ 61, accessed 28 Oct 2007]
- "CoPAA – Conservation of the Priory Alabaster Arch". St. Mary's Priory Church, Tutbury. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- "Some Notes on Foundation Breeders and Early Running Horses". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
- Weir, Alison (2008) . Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley. London, England: Random House. p. 484. ISBN 978-0-09-952707-7.
- Mosley, Oswald, Sir. History of the Castle, Priory and Town of Tutbury, in the county of Stafford.
- Mosley, Oswald; Brown, Edwin (1863). The Natural History of Tutbury.
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