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|Alternative names||Pathé Tuschinski|
|Architectural style||Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Amsterdam School|
|Inaugurated||28 October 1921|
|Cost||ca. ƒ 4,000,000|
|Client||Abraham Icek Tuschinski|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Hijman Louis de Jong|
|Renovating firm||Rappange & Partners|
Theater Tuschinski, officially Pathé Tuschinski, is a movie theater located in the city of Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. It is situated in the city centre near the Rembrandt Square. The movie theater was founded during the Roaring Twenties. It is included in the list of Rijksmonuments of the Netherlands. It was elected the most beautiful cinema in the world by Time Out.
The main auditorium hosts many premieres of Dutch, American and European films.
The Nouveau building was commissioned by businessman Abraham Icek Tuschinski at a cost of circa 4 million guilders. Construction was carried out by architect Hijman Louis de Jong and started in 1919.
After the end of the construction works, in 1921, a Wurlitzer-Strunk theatre organ was installed, consecutively to a Wurlitzer model 160. The Tuschinski Theater first opened its doors on October 28, 1921. On the next day, Dutch newspaper Het Vaderland wrote:
‘Wij voor ons verklaren gulweg, dat de stoutste verwachting is overtroffen en dat de heer Tuschinski aan ons land een schouwburg heeft geschonken, waarvan wij de weerga niet kennen.’
‘We declare before us generously that the wildest expectations have been exceeded and that Mr. Tuschinski has donated a theater to our country, of which are unparalleled.’
When it first opened, the theater contained electro-technical features, then considered revolutionary. Its unique heating and ventilation system kept the temperature even throughout the building.
World War II
During the German occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War II, Theater Tuschinski fell into German hands and was given the non-Jewish name "Tivoli" by the Nazis.
After the end of the war in 1945, the original name was restored.
On September 23, 1977, the Dutch royal family, among then Queen Juliana, Prince Bernhard and Princess Beatrix, attended the premiere of the Dutch film Soldier of Orange. A Royal foyer was then built to receive them.
From 1998 to 2002, the theater was renovated in its original style. It was also expanded, with a new, more modern wing that connects to the original building via a corridor. The new wing added three extra auditoriums to the Tuschinski.
The western facade is flanked by two towers. It is decorated with ceramic sculptures and contains several leadlight windows. The facade blends several architectural styles: Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Jugendstil and the Amsterdam School.
The building contains Asian influences while the lobby was designed in a way to offer theatergoers the feeling that they are stepping into an illusion. The Tuschinski's main auditorium has served as both a movie theater and a live performance space since its opening. In addition to a film screen, it also contains a stage and an organ.
- Theater tuschinski in Amsterdam. Rijksmonumenten.nl. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
- The 50 most beautiful cinemas in the world. Time Out, February 24 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-24.
- Anton van Elburg, Dennis Römer: 75 jaar Tuschinski Theater. Publish, Amsterdam 1996, ISBN 90-803009-1-8
- Het Tuschinski orgel. Nederlandse Orgel Federatie. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
- Theater Tuschinski. EYE Film Institute Netherlands. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
- Brand in bioscoop Tivoli [was Tuschinski, red. te Amsterdam]. Nationaal Archief. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
- De grandeur van 1920 is terug in bioscoop Tuschinski. Het Parool, 9 oktober 2019. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
- Koningin Juliana: "Ik was echt ontroerd...". De Telegraaf, 23 september 1977. p. 11. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
- Monumentnummer: 4828. Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgeod. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
- Gisteravond première James Bondfilm 'The Living Daylights in Tuschinski. Nationaal Archief. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
- Jessica Maria Goossens: Tuschinski, droom, legende en werkelijkheid. De geschiedenis van het theater. BZZTôH, Den Haag 2002, ISBN 90-5501-967-4
- Tuschinski Amsterdam uitgeroepen tot mooiste bioscoop ter wereld. NOS, 25 februari 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
- Bakker, Theo (2009). De Amsterdamse bioscopen in het verleden en heden. p. 17-20
- M. M. Bakker, F. M. van de Poll: Architectuur en stedebouw in Amsterdam 1850–1940. Waanders, Zwolle ca. 1992, ISBN 90-6630-308-5
- Bram Rutgers: Theater Tuschinski, restauratie van een droom. Terra, Lanno 2003, ISBN 90-5897-086-8
- Bob Logger, Xandra Knebel u. a. (Red.): Theaters in Nederland sinds de zeventiende eeuw. Theater Instituut Nederland, Amsterdam 2007, ISBN 978-90-77204-37-5, S. 133–134
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