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Turiec is a region in central Slovakia. Turiec is an informal designation of the territory (like Burgundy or French Basque Country), but it is also the name of one of the 21 official tourism regions of Slovakia. The region is not an administrative division in its own right, but between the late 11th century and 1920 it was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary, (see separate article Turóc County).
Turóc county (Slovak: Turčianska župa) as a Hungarian comitatus arose before the 15th century. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon, the territory became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. Between 1939-1945, after Czechoslovakia was abolished, Turiec was part of the First Slovak Republic. After World War II, it became part of Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Turiec became part of Slovakia.
The region covers the area of the Turiec basin and is determined by the mountain ranges of Veľká Fatra to the east, Malá Fatra to the west and north, Žiar to the south and west and Kremnica Mountains to the south. The Turiec river flows through the entire region and inflows into Váh near Vrútky.
In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Turóc/Turiec county were:
- Lower Turiec - its center was Martin and the subregion corresponds to the present-day District of Martin
- Upper Turiec - its center was Turčianske Teplice and the subregion corresponds to the present-day District of Turčianske Teplice
- Cycling around Turiec: http://www.travelslovakia.sk/slovakia-trips/biking-slovakia/turiec-slovakia-cycling.php