Triheptagonal tiling | |
---|---|
Poincaré disk model of the hyperbolic plane | |
Type | Hyperbolic uniform tiling |
Vertex configuration | (3.7)^{2} |
Schläfli symbol | r{7,3} or |
Wythoff symbol | 2 | 7 3 |
Coxeter diagram | or |
Symmetry group | [7,3], (*732) |
Dual | Order-7-3 rhombille tiling |
Properties | Vertex-transitive edge-transitive |
In geometry, the triheptagonal tiling is a semiregular tiling of the hyperbolic plane, representing a rectified Order-3 heptagonal tiling. There are two triangles and two heptagons alternating on each vertex. It has Schläfli symbol of r{7,3}.
Compare to trihexagonal tiling with vertex configuration 3.6.3.6.
Contents
Images
Klein disk model of this tiling preserves straight lines, but distorts angles |
The dual tiling is called an Order-7-3 rhombille tiling, made from rhombic faces, alternating 3 and 7 per vertex. |
7-3 Rhombille
Triheptagonal tiling | |
---|---|
Faces | Rhombi |
Coxeter diagram | |
Symmetry group | [7,3], *732 |
Rotation group | [7,3]^{+}, (732) |
Dual polyhedron | Triheptagonal tiling |
Face configuration | V3.7.3.7 |
Properties | edge-transitive face-transitive |
In geometry, the 7-3 rhombille tiling is a tessellation of identical rhombi on the hyperbolic plane. Sets of three and seven rhombi meet two classes of vertices.
7-3 rhombile tiling in band model
Related polyhedra and tilings
The triheptagonal tiling can be seen in a sequence of quasiregular polyhedrons and tilings:
Quasiregular tilings: (3.n)^{2} | ||||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Sym. *n32 [n,3] |
Spherical | Euclid. | Compact hyperb. | Paraco. | Noncompact hyperbolic | |||||||
*332 [3,3] T_{d} |
*432 [4,3] O_{h} |
*532 [5,3] I_{h} |
*632 [6,3] p6m |
*732 [7,3] |
*832 [8,3]... |
*∞32 [∞,3] |
[12i,3] | [9i,3] | [6i,3] | |||
Figure |
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Figure |
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Vertex | (3.3)^{2} | (3.4)^{2} | (3.5)^{2} | (3.6)^{2} | (3.7)^{2} | (3.8)^{2} | (3.∞)^{2} | (3.12i)^{2} | (3.9i)^{2} | (3.6i)^{2} | ||
Schläfli | r{3,3} | r{3,4} | r{3,5} | r{3,6} | r{3,7} | r{3,8} | r{3,∞} | r{3,12i} | r{3,9i} | r{3,6i} | ||
Coxeter |
||||||||||||
Dual uniform figures | ||||||||||||
Dual conf. |
V(3.3)^{2} |
V(3.4)^{2} |
V(3.5)^{2} |
V(3.6)^{2} |
V(3.7)^{2} |
V(3.8)^{2} |
V(3.∞)^{2} |
From a Wythoff construction there are eight hyperbolic uniform tilings that can be based from the regular heptagonal tiling.
Drawing the tiles colored as red on the original faces, yellow at the original vertices, and blue along the original edges, there are 8 forms.
Uniform heptagonal/triangular tilings | |||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Symmetry: [7,3], (*732) | [7,3]^{+}, (732) | ||||||||||
{7,3} | t{7,3} | r{7,3} | t{3,7} | {3,7} | rr{7,3} | tr{7,3} | sr{7,3} | ||||
Uniform duals | |||||||||||
V7^{3} | V3.14.14 | V3.7.3.7 | V6.6.7 | V3^{7} | V3.4.7.4 | V4.6.14 | V3.3.3.3.7 |
Dimensional family of quasiregular polyhedra and tilings: 7.n.7.n | |||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Symmetry *7n2 [n,7] |
Hyperbolic... | Paracompact | Noncompact | ||||||||
*732 [3,7] |
*742 [4,7] |
*752 [5,7] |
*762 [6,7] |
*772 [7,7] |
*872 [8,7]... |
*∞72 [∞,7] |
[iπ/λ,7] | ||||
Coxeter | |||||||||||
Quasiregular figures configuration |
3.7.3.7 |
4.7.4.7 |
7.5.7.5 |
7.6.7.6 |
7.7.7.7 |
7.8.7.8 |
7.∞.7.∞ |
7.∞.7.∞ |
See also
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uniform tiling 3-7-3-7. |
- Trihexagonal tiling - 3.6.3.6 tiling
- Rhombille tiling - dual V3.6.3.6 tiling
- Tilings of regular polygons
- List of uniform tilings
References
- John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 19, The Hyperbolic Archimedean Tessellations)
- "Chapter 10: Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space". The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays. Dover Publications. 1999. ISBN 0-486-40919-8. LCCN 99035678.
External links
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Hyperbolic tiling". MathWorld.
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Poincaré hyperbolic disk". MathWorld.
- Hyperbolic and Spherical Tiling Gallery
- KaleidoTile 3: Educational software to create spherical, planar and hyperbolic tilings
- Hyperbolic Planar Tessellations, Don Hatch
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