The Toyota Stout was a light truck produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota from 1954 through 1989. The Stout shared its platform with the Toyota Dyna until 1968, when the Dyna was given its own platform, called the Toyota "U". In Japan, it was sold at Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyopet Store.
First generation (1954-1960)
|Assembly||Honsha Plant, Toyota City, Aichi, Japan |
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||1.5 L R I4|
|Wheelbase||2,500 mm (98.4 in)|
|Length||4,265 mm (167.9 in)|
|Width||1,675 mm (65.9 in)|
|Height||1,735 mm (68.3 in)|
|Curb weight||860 kg (1,896 lb)|
Introduced in April 1954 as the Toyopet RK 1¼ ton truck, it was larger than the similar Toyota SG light truck but smaller than the Toyota FA medium duty truck. In 1955 it was upgraded to carry 1.5 tons.
The standard body was a 2-door, 3 seater pickup with a separate well body (with a fold down tailgate). Other bodies advertised by Toyota included a van, an ambulance, double cab coupe utility (2-doors, 6 seater, integral well body), drop-side pickup, pickup with stake sides, a pickup with full height metal side with a canvas top, a light bus (precursor to the Coaster) and an ice cream van.
All models used mechanicals common to new vehicles of its time, such as a ladder frame chassis, leaf springs, solid axles and 4 wheel drum brakes. The engine was the 48HP 1500 cc Type R with a manual transmission. The body was professionally finished with windscreen wipers, dual outside mirrors (1955 onwards), hubcaps, chrome trim and dual headlights.
In 1957 the RK was revised to become the RK30 and the RK35. In May 1959 it was named the Stout. Its main competitor was the Nissan Junior.
Second generation (1960-1978)
|RK40, RK41, RK43, RK45, RK47, RK100, RK101|
A Stout in unrestored condition at a 2009 car show
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front-engine, rear-wheel drive|
|Wheelbase||2,600–2,800 mm (102.4–110.2 in)|
|Length||4,286–4,690 mm (168.7–184.6 in)|
|Width||1,690 mm (66.5 in)|
|Height||1,750 mm (68.9 in)|
|Curb weight||1,420 kg (3,131 lb)|
Completely redesigned in 1960, this is the most familiar version of the Stout. The Japanese market had the 1,453 cc Type R engine in the RK45 and the 1,897 cc 3R-B engine in the RK100, which was introduced in October 1962. Along with the new optional engine, the Stout also underwent a facelift, including twin headlights. In September 1963 there also appeared a shorter and lighter duty (type RK40) model called "Light Stout", which featured independent coil sprung front suspension for a more carlike ride. This was meant to compete directly with Nissan's Datsun minitrucks, but it never sold particularly well in its home market and was replaced by the Briska and Hilux following Toyota's takeover of Hino Motors.
Conventional mechanical parts were used in the form of leaf springs and four-wheel drum brakes on a ladder frame chassis. Body styles include a pickup (two-door, three seater), a double-cab pickup (four-door, six seater) and a two-door panel van.
The Stout was Toyota's launch model in South Africa in 1961. It sold well until its discontinuation in 1979. The RK45 Stout was the first Toyota to begin complete knock-down assembly in South Africa, in 1962. South African production later switched to the two-litre RK101 series, available as a flush-side pickup, a dropside, or a chassis/cab. South African Stouts kept using a simplified version of the original bed, even after the longer cabin had been introduced, as they were not affected by Japanese regulations on overall length. Bed length was thus 2,310 mm (91 in), marginally longer than elsewhere. Between 1961 and 1975, 17,500 Stouts were sold in South Africa - the majority of them assembled locally.
A version of the Lite Stout, equipped with the 1.9 litre 3R engine was sold in North America as the Stout 1900 between 1964 and 1969. During its first year in the American market, a total of 4 units were sold. This Lite Stout model was assembled in South Africa as well, beginning in 1965. It was called the Toyota Stallion there to distinguish it from the original model with its solid front axle, and also marked the introduction of the larger cabin to this market. This generation Stout was also assembled in Thailand, beginning in 1964.
Due to complaints in export markets about limited cabin space, a new cabin expanded by 5 centimetres (2 in) was introduced. In order to stay under the Japanese maximum length of 4.7 metres (185.0 in) this required the design of a new rear bed for the long wheelbase versions, while the shorter models instead received a correspondingly lengthened wheelbase to accommodate the longer cab. With the introduction of the slightly larger 2R engine, the Lite Stout became the RK43, while the 1.75 ton 1500 became the RK47. There was also the RK47P, a one-tonne six-seater medium duty version with the same 70 PS (51 kW) 2R engine. Another update and facelift occurred in September 1967 with the introduction of the RK101. This also spelled the end of all 1.5-litre models for Japan, although they continued to be available in export markets. In some markets (e.g. North America) the Stout was replaced by the slightly smaller Hilux in 1969 but in many other markets (e.g. South-East Asia and Australia) it was sold alongside the Hilux as a heavier-duty alternative.
The RK101 used the 1994 cc 5R engine. Its 93 PS (68 kW) in Japanese trim, combined with low gearing for higher load capacity, provided a top speed of only 110 km/h (68 mph). In later versions higher compression meant that power increased to 98 PS (72 kW) at 5200 rpm. The engine displacement remained under 2.0 litres so as to offer Japanese buyers some tax advantages when it came time to pay the Japanese annual road tax. The South African RK101 claimed 79 kW (107 PS; 106 hp) SAE at 5200 rpm. Export models to DIN specifications claimed 71 kW (95 hp).
Third generation (1979-1989)
|RK110, RK111, YK110|
A 1981 model in Chile
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||front-engine, rear-wheel drive|
Facelifted and modernised in March 1979, the 1.5-ton Stout now used the front pressings of the smaller Hilux but still fulfilled the same role as before. The bed used the same pressings as for the previous Stouts, meaning that there was a pronounced difference between the front and rear bodywork. The RK110 also continued to use the same 1,994 cc 5R engine, although export versions were also available with the 2.2 litre 20R engine. The Stout underwent a light facelift in January 1982 and became the RK111.
Body styles included a pickup (two-door, three-seater) and a double-cab pickup (four-door six-seater). The Stout was cancelled in 1989 without a successor, as Toyota's first full-size pickup, the T100 (as well as the later Tundra) were built mainly for North America, where the Stout had been replaced by the Hilux in 1968. In Japan, the third generation Stout saw very limited sales, as trucks in this weight class were nearly always of a cab-over design. Most third generation Stouts were exported. The double cab version was retired in July 1985. Stout production came to a final halt in March 1989, although there are indications that production continued until as late as 2000. These later versions (YK110) are supposed to have received the 4Y engine.
- "75 Years of TOYOTA | General Status of Plants in Japan | Plants in Japan-Honsha Plant". Toyota. 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
- "Toyota Truck 48HP". brochure No. 228. Japan: Toyota. 1954. Retrieved 2011-06-17.
- "Toyopet 1.5 Ton". brochure No. 316. Japan: Toyota. 1955. Retrieved 2011-06-17.
- "75 Years of TOYOTA | Part2 Chapter1 Section3 | Item 5. Development of New Trucks". Toyota. 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
- "Toyopet Stout, Model RK45-100 Parts Catalog", No. 53336-64, Japan
- Ozeki, Kazuo (2007).
日本のトラック・バス 1917~1975[Japanese Trucks and Buses 1917-1975] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Miki Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-4-89522-487-1.
- Ozeki (2007), p. 53
- "Toyota Vehicle Identification Manual", Toyota Motor Corporation, Overseas Parts Department, Catalog No.97913-84, 1984, Japan
- Lazenby, Kobus (2004). Strategic management: Southern African Concepts and Cases. Pretoria: Van Schaik. p. 154. ISBN 0627025560.
- "Item 3. The Advance of Knockdown Exports". 75 years of Toyota: Vehicle Lineage. Toyota Motor Co. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
- Howard, Tony (December 1975). "Bakkie: Toyota Stout". SA Motor. Cape Town, South Africa: Scott Publications: 52–53.
- Chaikin, Don (April 2000). "Storefront to Superstar". Popular Mechanics. 177: 83. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Motor Assemblies Limited: A small South African Assembly Plant that became a major Manufacturer". 2012-01-24. Archived from the original on 2019-07-28.
- Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 273. ISSN 1734-2945.
- Piston Ring Sets Price List (PDF), 18, Tokyo, Japan: Riken Corporation, November 2008, p. 71, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-31
- 品質と価格で奉仕するトヨタ [Quality and value at your service, from Toyota] (brochure) (in Japanese), Japan: Toyota, 1966, p. 7
- "トヨタ自動車販売(株)『モータリゼーションとともに. 資料』(1970.11)" [Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. "With Motorization" document (1970.11)]. Shibusawa Shashi Database (in Japanese). Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation. p. 129. Archived from the original on 2019-12-23.
- Behme, Bob (August 1972). "Small Trucks for the Sportsman". Field & Stream. 77: 131. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
- Toyota Commercial Cars (brochure) (in Japanese), Toyota, 1969, p. 7
- 自動車ガイドブック [Automobile Guide Book] (in Japanese). Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. 23: 192. 1976-10-20. 0053-760023-3400. Missing or empty
- "3rd Stout". 75 years of Toyota: Vehicle Lineage. Toyota Motor Co. Retrieved 2013-01-16.
- Toyota Stout RK110, 111 (parts catalog) (in Japanese), Japan: Toyota, February 1987, p. 5, 52369-87
- "Toyota Stout". AutoWP.ru.
- Toyota Stout RK110, 111 (parts catalog), p. 6
- "Toyota/Lexus spare parts catalogue, Stout 1979/03-2000/02". toyotamarket.ru. Sagori.com [Сагори]. Retrieved 2013-01-23.