2017 Toyota GT86
|Also called||Toyota FT86|
Scion FR-S (2012–2016)
|Assembly||Ōta, Gunma, Japan|
|Designer||Tetsuya Tada (chief engineer)|
Kenji Kido (stylist)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Sports car (S)|
|Body style||2-door fastback coupé|
|Engine||2.0 L 4U-GSE / FA20 H4|
6-speed A960E automatic
|Wheelbase||2,570 mm (101.2 in)|
|Length||4,240 mm (166.9 in)|
4,234 mm (166.7 in) (Subaru BRZ)
|Width||1,775 mm (69.9 in)|
|Height||1,285 mm (50.6 in)|
|Curb weight||Toyota 86:|
1,190–1,298 kg (2,624–2,862 lb) (Toyota 86)
1,251–1,273 kg (2,758–2,806 lb)
The 2+2 fastback coupé is noted for its naturally-aspirated boxer engine, front-engined, rear-wheel-drive configuration, 53/47 front/rear weight balance and low center of gravity — and for drawing inspiration from Toyota's earlier AE86, a small, light, front-engine/rear-drive Corolla variant widely popular for Showroom Stock, Group A, and Group N, Rally, Club and drift racing.
Toyota markets the sports car as the 86 in Asia, Australia, North America (from August 2016), South Africa, and South America; as the Toyota GT86 in Europe; as the 86 and GT86 in New Zealand; as the Toyota FT86 in Nicaragua and Jamaica and as the Scion FR-S (2012-2016) in the United States and Canada.
- 1 Name
- 2 Pre-launch concept cars
- 3 Development and production
- 4 Versions
- 5 Marketing
- 6 Awards
- 7 Motorsport
- 8 Post-launch concept cars
- 9 Toyota Sales
- 10 Subaru Sales
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The development code of the 2+2 was 086A and its main production names 86 (pronounced "eight-six" or Hachi-Roku (ハチロク) in Japanese) or GT86, reference historic Toyota front-engined and rear-wheel drive sports coupés and hatchbacks, including:
- the 1967 2000GT (Japan's seminal fastback coupé, which was also powered by a 2.0-litre engine); and
- the 1983 to 1987 AE86 range.
Pre-launch concept cars
Initial layout and design elements for the 86 were presented by Toyota using its "FT" (Future Toyota) concept car nomenclature. The first was the Toyota FT-HS, which was presented at the North American International Auto Show in 2007. It had a front engine, rear-wheel drive layout and 2+2 seating and was powered by a V6 engine with hybrid electric assistance. In 2008, Toyota bought 16.5% of Fuji Heavy Industries, which includes the Subaru automotive brand. Toyota, led by project leader Tetsuya Tada, then invited Subaru to partner in the project, by co-developing the new D-4S boxer engine. The offer, which conflicted with Subaru's reputation for high performance all-wheel drive (AWD) cars, was rejected. The project came to a six-month halt before Toyota invited journalists and Subaru engineers to test a developmental prototype. Following the test, Subaru agreed to become further involved in development.
The collaboration produced a concept car, the FT-86, which debuted at the Tokyo Motor Show in October 2009. Smaller than the FT-HS, the design of the FT-86 was further refined by Toyota's ED2 design studio while the hybrid V6 powerplant was replaced by the new D-4S boxer. Subaru provided the chassis, modifying it from their Impreza. The custom red paint was based on the backside of a Japanese macaque.
At the 2010 Tokyo Motor Show, Toyota launched its G Sports line of aftermarket accessories, along with the FT-86 G Sports concept car. It featured G Sports carbon fibre panels, a vented bonnet, rear wing, 19 in (48 cm) wheels, Recaro race seats, and an interior rollcage. The D-4S engine also added a turbocharger.
In 2011, Toyota and Subaru unveiled five near-production concept cars to show their progress with the project. The first, known as the FT-86 II Concept, was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2011. ED2 refined the design of the initial FT-86, by developing new front and rear fascias, and marginally increasing the dimensions of the concept. At the same show, Subaru unveiled a transparent silhouette of the car showing the new D-4S boxer engine and displayed the "Boxer Sports Car Architecture".
Scion followed in April 2011 at the New York International Auto Show with the FR-S Sports Coupé Concept, co-developed with aftermarket tuner Five Axis. Another semi-transparent Subaru concept, known as the BRZ Prologue, was shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show that September, followed in November at the Los Angeles Auto Show by the BRZ Concept STi, the first full mock-up of Subaru's version of the 86 with input from Subaru Tecnica International (STI).
Development and production
The production Toyota 86 debuted at the December 2011 Tokyo Motor Show. All variants are built at Subaru's Gunma Main Plant, with the first cars assembled on 2 February 2012 before sales began in March and deliveries in April. 7,000 orders were placed for the Toyota 86 in the first month of production, while Subaru took in 3,500 orders.
The 86's engine, known by the Toyota code 4U-GSE and Subaru code FA20, is a naturally aspirated engine that uses Subaru's flat-four engine design, with the addition of Toyota's D-4S injection system, which uses both Gasoline direct injection (GDI) and multipoint fuel injection. With its front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, its engine runs on 98 RON (premium unleaded) fuel and features a compression ratio of 12.5:1 with a bore and stroke of 86 mm (3.39 in) for a total displacement of 2.0 L; 121.9 cu in (1,998 cc) that results in 200 PS (197 bhp; 147 kW) at 7,000 rpm and 151 lb⋅ft (205 N⋅m) of torque at 6,400 rpm. The 86's low-weight design uses an aluminium hood, a fixed roof, and a trunk as opposed to a hatchback. The boxer engine sits as far back and as low as possible in the engine bay for a weight distribution of 53% in front and 47% in the rear.
The 86, BRZ and FR-S are offered with two 6-speed transmissions: an in-house developed Toyota TL70 manual gearbox (based on Aisin AI's AZ6) and an Aisin-Warner A960E automatic transmission, which is modified from that used on the Lexus IS 250. The latter uses a traditional wet torque converter design, but its software has been engineered to mimic the response of a dual-clutch transmission. The automatic transmission uses three different modes: Sport, Snow, and Normal. A torsen style limited slip differential is standard on most models.
The vehicles are offered with 16" steel and alloy wheels shod with Yokohama dB Decibel E70 tyres in 205/55 size or 17" alloy wheels shod with Michelin Primacy HP tyres in 215/45 size, depending on sales market. The limited editions Toyota Racing Development (TRD) GT86 models are instead offered with 18" forged aluminium wheels, which are shod with either Yokohama Advan Sport tyres Michelin Pilot Sport 3 tyres in 225/40 size, also depending on market. All non-TRD cars feature front ventilated disc brakes and solid rear disc brakes on base models or, on higher models, also ventilated rear disc brakes with two piston-opposed calipers in the front and single caliper design in the rear. The TRD editions instead have an upgraded braking system comprising upsized TRD two-piece rotors and TRD six-pot 355mm front and four-pot 345mm rear calipers (compared to the GTS' 294mm and 290mm calipers and GT's 277mm and 286mm, respectively). Suspension design comprises front MacPherson struts and double wishbones at the rear.
According to the 86's designers, "The goal was to create an authentic rear-wheel drive sports car with compelling style, exceptionally balanced performance and handling, flexible utility and surprising MPG." When asked about the TRD version of the car, the lead engineer Mr. Tada said "There is definitely going to be a more TRD oriented variant down the line. However any of the parts that would be standard on the TRD model will fit on your current Toyota 86 so there is no need to wait."
The 86 "boxer" side badge appears on all Toyota and Scion versions of the car, but not the Subaru BRZ. Aside from badging, the main differences between the 86/GT86 and the BRZ are the front grilles and bumper bars.
- the engine bore and stroke is 86mm x 86mm
- the diameter of the exhaust tip is also 86mm.
The interior uses low mounted front seats and fold down rear enabling increased storage space. The FR-S and base 86 models have cloth seats with all black interior trim with a black patterned dash trim, and shift boot red stitching. The BRZ has two available interiors, one identical to the FR-S but with silver dash trim, a red stitched parking brake boot, black gauge faces (instead of the white tachometer of the 86 GTS models) and a touch-screen navigation head unit; the second interior to leather and Alcantara heated seats, automatic HVAC controls, and a push-button start. The top-of-the-range 86 models are fitted like the BRZ except as noted above, and the Japanese interior can be had in black/red leather and Alcantara or full black leather and Alcantara.
- Top speed: 145 mph (233 km/h) (as tested)
Toyota 86, GT86 and FT86
The Toyota 86 is available in Japan from Toyota's Netz Store and Corolla Store line of dealerships; the 1980s Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno were sold at the same networks. Four trim levels are offered, with the RC model being the base aimed at people wishing to modify or race their vehicles. This model is available with only a 6-speed manual transmission and comes with unpainted bumpers and mirrors, 16 inch steel wheels, simpler interior trim components, analogue speedometer and no stereo or air conditioning. Outside Japan, the RC model is only available in New Zealand. The G model adds all the interior components missing from the RC, plus a fully painted exterior and 16 inch alloy wheels and the availability of an automatic transmission. The GT86 model adds high intensity discharge headlights with LED daytime running lights, fog lamps, automatic climate control, keyless start with engine start button, 17 inch alloy wheels, chrome exhaust tips, white tachometer face with analogue and digital speedometer, silver accents on the centre dash and steering wheel, aluminium pedals. The top-of-the-range GT Limited adds leather and Alcantara seating and a rear spoiler.
In Europe, GT86 models are generally the same as the Japanese 86 GT with a red/black leather/Alcantara interior with red stitching. In the United Kingdom, the Japanese G model is sold as the GT86 Primo and the car has also been available as a limited edition Toyota Racing Development "TRD GT86", which features: 18 inch forged aluminium wheels with Yokohama Advan Sport tyres; full bodykit with front and side skirts, rear spoiler and new diffuser; quad-exhaust system; TRD-branded detailing on the filler cap, radiator cap and gear knob. In New Zealand, the TRD 86 is sold with the above features except for Michelin Pilot Sport 3 tyres instead plus upgraded TRD braking system. Options not available to all markets include a Bose sound system upgrade.
In Australia, the GT is the equivalent of the Japanese G model but with only an all black interior trim and standard radio head unit, whereas the top-of-the-range GTS model is the equivalent of the Japanese GT Limited except for an all black leather/Alcantara and red-stitch interior trim only and touchscreen multimedia head unit. Upon Australian launch in June 2012, all models for Australia featured a full-size spare wheel, the GTS lacked a rear spoiler, and a limited slip differential or LSD was standard on all models except automatic GT's. The full-size spare wheel was phased out after the first shipments to Australia, replaced with a repair kit. This model also benefited from a remapping of its Electronic Control Unit (ECU) to address initial reports of rough idling and stalling. The range of models and main options had the following retail prices: GT manual A$29,990; GT automatic A$32,490; GTS manual A$35,490; GTS automatic A$37,990; metallic paint A$425 for all models; "Aero pack" bodykit A$3,000 for GTS only.
As of the August 2013 production update (which carried the formal year designation MY14), the automatic GT also gained LSD as standard (but with a price increase of A$300; manual price unchanged in Australia) and the GTS gained the same rear spoiler fitted to the Japanese GTS Limited and the Subaru BRZ (with a price increase of A$500 for both the manual and automatic model in Australia). Other distinguishing features on the MY14 models include the removal of the lettered "TOYOTA" badge from the rear bonnet of the GTS and optional availability of rear parking sonar sensors on GT and GTS.
In July 2014, an updated version of the Australian Toyota 86 range was launched with year designation MY15. The key highlights include: revised suspension settings; "shark-fin" roof antenna; GTS instrument cluster on GT; carbon-fibre look dash insert and reverse-view camera on GTS; new white and silver exterior paints. The price of the GT remained unchanged while the GTS was the subject of a price increase of A$500 and A$800 for the manual and automatic version, respectively.
In late 2014, as part of its MY15 range, Toyota offered in the UK two new models: the GT86 Aero, featuring a full bodykit and 18 inch OZ Ultraleggera alloy wheels in anthracite grey finish; and the GT86 "Giallo" (meaning yellow in Italian), limited to only 86 units. Similar to the latter, Toyota also offered in Italy a total of 50 "Limited Edition" models. Externally, the key distinguishing feature of these limited editions is the new Sunrise Yellow metallic paint and black side stripes (bonnet, roof and bonnet stripes are available in the UK at no extra cost and standard in Italy). The interior is distinguished by a limited edition badge and heated quilt leather seats with yellow 86 logo. The retail price of the Limited Edition in Italy is €28,500, which translates to €1,700 more than the standard base model.
At the same time in Japan, Toyota released the 14R-60 model limited to 100 units, inspired by the GT86 TRD Griffon Project of 2013. Its engine power remains the same as the standard models despite featuring various drivetrain changes such as twin central exhausts, a TRD mechanical LSD, a short-shifter, and revised gearing for the six-speed manual transmission. Other changes include extra body reinforcement, a variable-height coil-over spring suspension setup and more rigid suspension bushings. A TRD bodykit with carbon fibre components is complemented by 18 inch magnesium wheels and, overall, 14R-60 model results lighter than the base model. Inside there are race-style bucket seats with four-point belts, an Alcantara-clad steering wheel, carbon fibre dashboard trim and yellow piping and highlights. Price-wise, this Japan-only model is listed for ¥6,300,000, which is significantly higher than the ¥2,100,000 for the base RC model or ¥3,100,000 for the top-of-the-range GT Limited.
In 2015, the 86xstyle Cb was officially launched after its presentations at the 2013 and 2014 Tokyo Auto Salon. It is characterised by a drastically different front end design with revised lights and bumper bar but standard bonnet. Available in 6-speed manual or automatic transmission, it has revised interior trimmings including a red Cb logo embroidered leather steering wheel, white (instead of red) backlit instruments and a dark woodgrain-style panel across the dashboard. The most peculiar features are the replacement of the front side gills with a set of LED-illuminated fins and optional contrasting colour for the car's upper body section. Another option is different alloy wheels than those fitted as standard on the GT86. On sale from April, this Japan-only model is listed for ¥4,180,000, which is a ¥1,280,000 premium over the regular 86 GT on which this variant is based.
To celebrate Australia's 86 2016 Pro-Am racing series, the following November Toyota launched 450 "Blackline" units (250 of which with manual transmission). Based on the standard GTS model, this limited edition carries a A$2,000 premium because of its cosmetic upgrade with TRD parts and special livery.
In Indonesia, the 86 was launched in 2012. The facelifted version was launched in August 2016. Toyota Indonesia sells the 86 in the TRD package with only an automatic transmission and the non-TRD package with both manual and automatic transmission.
The BRZ's name comes from three elements: Boxer engine, Rear-wheel drive, and Z standing for the zenith. The Subaru BRZ differs from the 86's design in the front fascia, with a different grille and headlight assembly, as well as a different front fender vent. The BRZ's grill is hexagonal in shape, compared to the Toyota's trapezoid. The BRZ features a wraparound of LED parking lights in the headlight assembly, while daytime running lights are integrated into the bumper. The suspension setup of the Subaru is different from the Toyota. Like the Japanese Toyota 86, Subaru offers an RA base model lacking most interior comforts and utilizing 16 inch steel wheels, with the only difference from the 86 RC being that the BRZ RA's bumpers are painted the same color as the body. Two main trim levels are offered: R trim, known as Premium in North America, and S trim, known as Limited in North America. European and Australian BRZs offer a Toyota stereo unit, while Japanese and North American vehicles use a Subaru unit. Australian BRZs were originally available for sale only online.
In 2013, Subaru unveiled a BRZ tS model for the Japanese market, tuned by STI. The tS model features an improved suspension setup, 18 inch silver BBS wheels, STI bodykit and front spoiler, a larger drive shaft, and Brembo brakes, along with interior changes including a new steering wheel, front seat, gauges, and Alcantara accents. A further tS GT Package includes Recaro seats, black BBS wheels, and an adjustable carbon fibre rear wing. The tS is limited to 500 units in total, with a maximum of 250 of them being the GT package. In 2015, a similar release of 300 units was sold again only in Japan.
In 2014, as part of running changes consistent with those of the MY15 Toyota 86 GTS, the Subaru BRZ also featured a new key fob and two new colours, including ‘WR Blue Pearl’ metallic finish. In addition, Subaru also launched special editions both for the United States and Australia markets. For the former, one thousand BRZ Series. Blue editions were marketed at additional cost, half painted in Blue Pearl and the other half in Crystal Pearl White. This model featured STI body kit parts, 17-inch STI black alloy wheels and red brake calipers. For Australia, Subaru launched a similar variant known as the Special Edition, also at additional cost. It featured stripes across the bonnet, boot and roof; 17-inch STI black alloy wheels; STI boot spoiler plus front, side and rear-side under spoilers; a rear diffuser and a push-button starter switch. It was available in every existing BRZ paint hue.
In 2015, Subaru released the limited edition Hyper Blue range across its WRX, WRX STI and BRZ models. In Australia, the BRZ was limited to 50 units with manual transmission only. This limited edition is characterised by the said blue paint and a host of other cosmetic upgrades.
In February 2018, Subaru of America released a limited edition SOA 50th Anniversary edition BRZ based on the Limited trim level featuring Heritage Blue exterior color, satin chrome exterior trim and badging; and SOA 50th anniversary emblem. The interior features black upholstery with contrasting silver stitching; silver seatbelts; and the 50th Anniversary logo embroidered on the front seats and carpeted floor mats. Only 250 were made.
In the United States and Canada, the vehicle was initially sold under Toyota's youth-oriented Scion brand, with its name derived from a description of the platform: Front-engine, Rear-wheel drive, Sport. Scion prices were non-negotiable and were typically determined solely by the transmission choice; the buyer was expected to customize the vehicle with dealer-installed equipment rather than extra-cost factory options. Thus, unlike other 86 variants, the FR-S was offered in a single standard trim level including Scion's BeSpoke stereo system. However, Scion also offered limited-production special editions with added factory equipment and exclusive colors.
As part of the 10th anniversary of the Scion marque, 2,500 units of "10 Series" FR-S models were released by Scion for model year 2014. They were painted in Silver Ignition and fitted with extra equipment, including HID headlights, automatic climate control, push button start, illuminated exterior badges plus shifter knob.
In January 2014, Scion released 2000 units of the FR-S "Monogram Series" editions adding extra features at special prices. In this case, this FR-S closely matched the equipment offered on the BRZ (or Toyota's GTS-variant) with the following: heated leather and Alcantara seats; heated side mirrors; high-intensity discharge headlamps; dual-zone climate control; BeSpoke audio and navigation. It cost US$27,400 and US$28,500 respectively, for the manual or automatic transmission model. It was said that this limited edition represented a US$1,900 saving over separately priced options.
Presented at the April 2014 New York Auto Show and mirroring the European "Giallo" and "Limited Edition" yellow-painted special editions, Scion released 1500 units of the "Release Series 1.0" in similar Yuzu Yellow paint. Its starting price is US$31,000 and it features TRD bodykit and quad-tip exhaust system, along with TRD lowered suspension, TRD steering wheel and shift knob and the highest specification (dual A/C, HID headlamps with LED daytime running lamps, push-button start-stop) plus a numbered commemorative plaque near the gearshift lever.
In Australia, Subaru BRZ was the first new car ever to be sold on that market exclusively online, with orders opening on 16 July 2012. It was also marketed with free servicing for 3 years or 60,000 km. According to Subaru this sale concept was a success, after the entire 2012 Australian allocation of 201 cars was sold in under 3 hours. The first buyer was able to secure their car in less than 20 minutes from the site going live. This sale process was implemented as a consequence of the demand for the Toyota 86 far outstripping supply (resulting in long delivery times) and a low BRZ supplies for Australia. As of 1 January 2014, the vehicle became available both online and at dealerships, with free servicing no longer included in the purchase.
Scion made a similar decision in the United States, creating the 'First 86' program to allow 86 buyers to take delivery of their cars before the general public sales. On 12 January 2012 users had eight hours and six minutes to submit their requests to a program website. Winners were required to take their confirmation number and $500 to a dealer within 96 hours to claim their cars. Scion produced a commercial called Close Call featuring Ken Gushi avoiding a collision with a deer while driving Scion FR-S in Mt. Diablo State Park in Northern California.
A British Toyota GT86 commercial titled The Real Deal was banned for encouraging motorists to drive irresponsibly.
In Europe, the GT86 was awarded the following titles in 2012:
- Car of the Year by Top Gear magazine (and Jeremy Clarkson) who also crowned it Coupé of the Year and winner of the Top Gear Speed Week (against competition including the McLaren MP4-12C, Porsche 911 Carrera S, and Lotus Exige S);
- Best Driver's Car by Autocar;
- Performance Car by Auto Express.
In Australia, the 86 was awarded the following titles in 2012:
- Car of the Year award by Wheels magazine, Carsguide, and Drive (shared with Subaru BRZ);
- Best Performance Car under A$60,000 and People's Choice again by Drive;
- People's Choice Best Performance Car under A$100,000 by Carsales (shared with Subaru BRZ).
Other awards received include:
- 2012 Car of the Year in New Zealand (Toyota 86 and GT86);
- 2012 Best Affordable Sports Car by US News (Scion FR-S);
- 2012 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Top Safety Pick in the US (Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ);
- 2013 10Best List by the American Car and Driver (Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ);
- 2012-2013 Japan Car of the Year "Special Award" (Toyota 86 and Subaru BRZ).
The Subaru BRZ was also crowned:
- Fun-est Car of the Year by Top Gear Australia (against the Toyota 86, BMW M135i, Porsche 911 Carrera, Audi RS5, Ford Focus ST, and Renault Megane RS265);
- 2012 Sports Car of the Year by France's Echappement;
- 2013 Best Sports Car by Canada's Auto123.
In 2011, with the unveiling of the Super BRZ Concept STi, Subaru also unveiled their latest entry in the Super GT series' GT300-category. R&D Sport would develop the BRZ GT300 to replace their Legacy for the 2012 season. The BRZ GT300 does not utilize the production car's FA20 engine, instead opting for the Legacy's EJ20 engine.
The Toyota 86 MC also competes in the GT300. Unlike the BRZ GT300, the 86 MC is based on Super GT's Mother Chassis. As with all Mother Chassis-based cars, the 86 MC utilizes a standard Dome-produced chassis and GT Association-branded Nissan V8 engine; little is shared with the production car apart from its name and exterior styling. In 2016, VivaC team Tsuchiya's 86 MC won the GT300 drivers' and teams' championships, with Takeshi Tsuchiya and Takamitsu Matsui at the wheel.
Toyota, in partnership with Gazoo Racing, announced plans to develop the 86 for motorsport use in multiple disciplines. Toyota and Gazoo will support private teams in the Super Taikyu Endurance Series and All-Japan Rally Championship. Gazoo Racing entered 86s in the 24 Hours Nürburgring, winning their SP3 class in 2012. Privateers Toyota Swiss Racing also claimed the V3 category in the same year. In the United Kingdom, GPRM is developing a turbocharged version of the 86 for classification in the SRO Group's GT4 category for use in Europe. The engine developments are being carried out by Nicholson McLaren Engines.
In the United States, Ken Gushi utilized a GPP Scion Racing FR-S built by GReddy Racing for the US Formula Drift championship. The FR-S features a turbocharged EJ25 boxer engine from a Subaru WRX STI produced more than 450 kW (600 bhp). Ryan Tuerck drove a Scion FR-S powered by a stroked 2JZ-GTE producing more than 520 kW (700 bhp) for Retaks Backpacks and Maxxis Tires in the 2013 US Formula Drift championship. Also in 2013, the FR-S replaced the Scion tC for the Toyota Pro/Celebrity Race at the Grand Prix of Long Beach. In all cases, the competition FR-S were standard production units modified for racing safety and reliability. By contrast, the 86 entered by Nobuhiro Tajima to compete at the 2013 Pikes Peak Hill Climb only used the production unit's silhouette.
- 86 Racing / BRZ RA Racing
In October 2012, Toyota Racing Development and Gazoo Racing announced a production racing model for the Toyota 86. The 86 Racing adds brake and oil cooler modifications, as well as a 4-point racing harness and rollcage. The stock 86 wheels are replaced by simple steel rims, while the exterior colour was only available in white. Subaru followed in early 2013 with the BRZ RA Racing, featuring similar modifications. Both cars are only available in the Japanese market, and are eligible for a one-make racing series run by Gazoo Racing. Unlike the Toyota, the BRZ is available in any of the production car's colours.
- Toyota 86 Racing Series
- Sports Car Club of America
For 2018 and beyond, the Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) created the "Solo Spec Coupe" (SSC) class for autocross competition using the 2013-2016 Subaru BRZ or Scion FR-S competing on Falken Azenis RT615+ tires. The choice of vehicle was because of its popularity with enthusiasts, modest price, rear-wheel drive, and its ability to be useful as both a “daily driver” and for autocross competition. Vehicles may compete with original equipment or may install specific performance parts including factory-sealed KONI Sport Shocks, Eibach Pro-Plus spring and anti-roll bar kit and an SPC Front Alignment Kit.
- One Lap of America
Since 2015 Toyota has competed in the Tire Rack One Lap of America, campaigning a modified Scion FR-S, prepared by engineers from the Production Engineering Division in Erlanger, Kentucky.
- Amateur Time Attack series
In the US, the 86CUP one-chassis time attack series was created in 2013. The series saw more than 100 drivers compete in 2017 in the Southern California, Northern California and North East divisions.
Post-launch concept cars
- Scion FR-S Tuner Challenge (2012)
There are 3 versions of 2013 Scion FR-S built with a $15,000 build budget, created as part of the eighth annual Scion Tuner Challenge. The FR-S Tuner Challenge vehicles are the: Carbon Stealth FR-S" by John Toca of Chicago, Illinois; FR-S GT by Daniel Song of Orange County, California; Minty FReSh by Chris Basselgia of Lebanon, Pennsylvania.
The 2012 challenge was won by the Minty FReSh.
- Subaru BRZ Premium Sport Package concept (2013)
- Toyota 86 concepts - Tokyo Auto Salon (2013)
The 86×style Cb is a version of the Toyota 86 built by Gazoo Racing that features a completely remodeled front designed to appeal to female drivers.
The Toyota GT86 Modellista is a version of the Toyota 86 with new side skirts, rear bumper and diffuser, a special lip spoiler, 18 inch matte chrome “Wing Dancer II” wheels with 225/40 Toyo tires and a two-tone black and red interior with the instrument cluster and interior panels in a red metal finish.
- TRD Griffon Concept (2013)
The TRD Griffon Concept is a version of the GT86 designed specifically for track driving, created by Toyota Racing Development. Changes include bonnet, roof, doors, boot lid and rear wings made from lightweight carbon fibre; carbon fibre reinforced plastic bumpers, wider front wings and rear diffuser; windows made from polycarbonate material, TRD driver's bucket seat, gear shift knob, ignition button and oil pressure and water temperature gauges; MOMO steering wheel, Takata seatbelts, a TRD mechanical LSD replacing the standard Torsen limited-slip differential, coil over suspension kit, final gear ratio shortened to 4.8:1, an oil cooler for the engine, a TRD monoblock brake calliper kit with racing spec brake pads and TWS 18-inch wheels with Yokohama Advan tyres. The engine is a stock Toyota GT86 engine. The vehicle is 227 kg (500 lb) lighter than stock Toyota GT86.
- Toyota FT-86 Open Concept (2013)
The FT-86 Open concept is a convertible concept vehicle based on the Toyota 86. It includes an electrically operated multi-layered fabric roof with glass, high-contrast white and navy blue interior and exterior designed by Toyota Boshoku Milan Design (TBMD) to capture the spirit and atmosphere of Milan, a white body colour and yellow-gold stitching in the floor mats and seats. It was first shown at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2013, followed by the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show (with Flash Red body colour and electrically operated soft top)
Nonetheless, Subaru brand chief Yasuyuki Yoshinaga has said that a convertible 86 would need a complete redesign to meet safety standards and that it is unlikely to happen.
- Subaru Cross Sport design concept (2013)
Also seen at the Tokyo Motor Show, this vehicle was presented as a combination of ‘sport’ and ‘utility’ adopting a heavily BRZ inspired shooting-brake body shape. Its compact body measured an overall length of 4,300 mm (169.3 in) and was described as what Subaru perceives to be the next trend in urban SUVs. The total height of the Cross Sport concept is 90 mm (3.5 in) taller than the standard BRZ.
- Toyota Gazoo 86 GRMN Sports FR Concept Platinum (2013)
The Toyota Gazoo 86 GRMN Sports FR Concept Platinum is a Toyota 86/Scion FR-S modified by GAZOO Racing and equipped with a GRMN exclusive turbocharger and scroll supercharger, 6-speed manual transmission, GRMN suspension tuning, GRMN brake calipers and brake rotors; GRMN dual exhaust, GRMN alloy wheels and tires; different front and rear fender panels and bumper bars; rear wing; rear garnish; bucket seats; 4-point seat belts; roll cage; back skin tone interior and extra instrumentation (boost, water temperature and oil temperature gauges).
Just like the year before, the 2014 Tokyo Auto Salon saw the presentation of various Toyota 86-based custom models and concepts.
The GRMN 86 Concept is a version of the Toyota 86 that incorporates the technical expertise gained through the 24 Hours Nürburgring endurance race, achieving optimal vehicle weight reduction, a lower center of gravity, an enhanced powertrain and improved body rigidity. It includes an FA20 engine, 6-speed manual transmission, 215/40R17 tires, carbon fiber engine cover, roof, rear hatch, diffuser, side skirt, tail wing, seats; polycarbonate windows, reinforced engine parts, oil cooler, rewritten ECU, mechanical limited slip differential.
The 86xstyle Cb (model ZN6-A2E7) is a re-presentation of the concept seen at the 2013 Tokyo Auto Salon. Its listed features are a 6-speed automatic transmission, style Cb TB sport seats, leather-wrapped steering wheel, original meter and lighting, style Cb original floor mats, Toyota NHZD-W62G navigation system, dark smoke plated inner panel register RL, centre cluster garnish, door panel; metallic steering wheel door switch base, shift bezel; Zack suspension absorber, BBS style Cb original colour wheels (18x7J front, 18x7.5J rear) and Bridgestone POTENZA S001 86 exclusive spec tires (215/40R18 85W front, 225/40R18 88W rear).
The 86 x Style Cb Spider (model ZN6-A2B8) is a convertible version of the 86 built by Toyota Original Accessory. It features a 6-speed automatic transmission, fender garnish with side lamp, trunk spoiler and licence garnish, rear combination lamp (in dark smoke plated), backup lamp rear bumper, spider aero bulge, rear diffuser integrated into rear bumper, one-off style Cb sport seat, leather-wrapped steering wheel, style Cb original meter panel/new decorative panel with lighting, style Cb original floor mat, Brembo brakes with front 4-piston and rear 2-piston calipers and Goodyear Eagle LS Premium tires (215/40R18 89W front, 225/45R18 91W rear)
The GAZOO Racing TRD 86 is a race car version of the Toyota 86 for the TRD Rally Challenge. It is built by GAZOO Racing and includes a 6-speed manual transmission.
The GAZOO Racing LUCK 86 is a race car version of the Toyota 86 for the JN3 class of the Japanese Rally Championship. It is built by GAZOO Racing and includes a 6-speed manual transmission.
The GAZOO Racing SPIRIT 86 is a race car version of the Toyota 86 for the Super Taikyu Series. It is built by GAZOO Racing and includes a 6-speed manual transmission.
The 86 Supercharger produced by Team Netz with TOM'S is a version of the Toyota 86 built for the online community Area 86. It includes a 6-speed manual transmission, Roots-type supercharger, exclusive ECU, water-cooled intercooler, exclusive muffler, original aero kit, Satin white pearl 37J body panel, TEAM NETZ original front bumper (made by ABS), TOM'S side step, TOM'S rear under spoiler, TOM'S ADVOX suspension kit with exclusive setting, TOM'S brake pads and brake line, 8.0J INSET44-inch TWS T66F wheel in original gun metal colour and 225/40R18 Michelin Pilot Sport 3 tires.
The TRD Griffon Concept 014 is based on the 2013 TRD Griffon Concept. In turn, the 86 TRD Customize Concept 014 is based on the 86 TRD Griffon Concept 014, and features a roof fin, rear diffuser, HID bulb kit, winker bulb, full bucket driver seat, passenger sports seat, shoulder pad set, interior panel set (carbon), steering wheel and interior boot set, sport meter set (water temperature, oil temperature, oil pressure), leather shift knob (for manual transmission car), knee pad, battery clamp, fuel cap cover, full length adjustable suspension set, pillow upper set, stabilizer set (front, rear), front strut tower bar, member brace set, door stabilizer set, sports air filter, high response muffler Ver.R, sound changer, circuit brake kit, clutch cover, clutch disc (sport phasing), fly wheel, quick shift set (18-inch cast aluminium TRD TF6 18x7.5J-inch wheels, Goodyear EAGLE RS Sport 86spec 225/40R18 tires), lug nut set (M12×P1.25), oil filler cap, sport oil filter, radiator cap.
The Autobacs G7 86 Potenza (No. 557) (model ZN6-VPNT8A), Manatura Kota-R BRZ (No. 61) (DBA-ZC6), N1 Tech Potenza Win 86 (No. 100) (ZN6-VPNT8A), NETZ Gunma FK Massimo µ86 (No. 62) (ZN6-VPNT8A) are race car versions of the Toyota 86 Racing, BRZ RA Racing and Toyota 86 Racing, Toyota 86 Racing respectively, for the GAZOO Racing 86/BRZ Race.[clarification needed]
- Scion FR-S T1 (2014)
Built by Los Angeles metal shop, Cartel Customs, and displayed at the 2014 SEMA Show, the Scion FR-S T1 is the first targa top version of any 86-based model. Apart from the Porsche 911-style removable roof, it features upgraded and lowered coil-over suspension, 19-in forged chrome wheels, upgrade braking system and a turbocharged engine with a centre exhaust tip. Inside it has an upgraded sound system and two-tone beige/black leather interior (including over the dashboard). The exterior is characterised by enlarged wheelarches and an integrated "duck tail" rear spoiler, and is painted in two-tone Azzurro California Blue with a contrasting black sill line up to the roof and rear louvre window.
- Subaru STI Performance Concept (2015)
Subaru unveiled the BRZ-based STI Performance Concept at the 2015 New York Auto Show. It stated that this concept car does not preview a production model but rather a visualization of the future application of the STI program to the BRZ. The concept car utilizes the same turbocharged 2.0-litre engine employed in the BRZ GT300 race car, producing an estimated 220 kW (300 bhp) and 330 lb⋅ft (447 N⋅m). Even so, Subaru also stated that a turbocharger will not find its way into the BRZ production. Mechanically, the concept car has chassis, suspension and brake upgrades from the Japan-only BRZ tS. Externally, it is distinguished by LED headlights and taillights, new-style alloy wheels and a full bodykit featuring new-design front fascia, rear diffuser and rear wing.
- Toyota 86 Shooting Brake Concept (2016)
The Toyota 86 Shooting Brake Concept was displayed in Sydney, Australia in 2016.[clarification needed] Toyota's global chief engineer Tetsuya Tada saw a quarter scale clay model of the car during a trip to the Australian branch in 2014 and arranged for a full scale, fully function version to be built in Japan by Toyota's Takumi ("artisan") craftsmen. Tada said, “while we never say never, and I would love this concept to become a production reality, it is very much a concept that demonstrates the passion within Toyota for cars that are fun to drive". Commenting on the new car, Toyota's Australian Divisional Manager National Marketing Brad Cramb said: ”The Toyota 86 lends itself perfectly to a concept that expands its appeal with added versatility while retaining its sleek and sporty coupe styling and sharp, responsive driving character”.
- Fujiwara Tofu Shop (2016)
|Calendar year||United States|
|2016 (Including FR-S)||7,457|
|Calendar year||United States|
- DeGasperi, Daniel (6 August 2016). "Tetsuya Tada-San: The man behind the Toyota 86". Which Car. Australia. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- US D686111S, Sonoda, Tatsuya, "Motor vehicle and/or toy replica thereof", published 16 July 2013
- "The 86 - Toyota's new rear wheel drive sports car". Australia: Toyota. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- "Scion Brand to Transition to Toyota" (Press release). US: Toyota. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Bruce, Chris (17 March 2016). "More powerful 2017 Toyota 86 takes over for the Scion FR-S". Autoblog. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Farr, Eliott (20 June 2014). "10 Things that make the Toyota GT86 special". Toyota: The Official Blog of Toyota GB. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "The FR-S Story". frs-scion.com. 2011. Archived from the original on 7 January 2012.
- Flint, Jerry (11 May 2009). "Subaru Defies Gravity". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "Tada: How Toyota and Subaru created the GT86" (Press release). UK: Toyota. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- Tan, Paul (13 October 2009). "Toyota FT-86 to feature D-4S Boxer Engine". Retrieved 13 October 2009.
- "How the Scion FR-S Almost Never Happened and Why Subaru Thought it Was a Bad Idea". Autoguide.com. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Greimel, Hans (21 October 2009). "Tokyo auto show: Toyota goes sporty with FT-86". autoweek.com. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- Siu, Jason (14 January 2010). "Tokyo Auto Salon 2010: G's Toyota FT-86 G Sports Concept". autoguide.com. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- "Toyota FT-86 G Sports Concept: 2010 Tokyo Auto Salon". Insideline.com. 15 January 2010. Archived from the original on 4 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Gall, Jared (3 March 2011). "Toyota FT-86 II Concept". Car and Driver. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Korzeniewski, Jeremy (1 March 2011). "Geneva 2011: Subaru's RWD Sports Car getting 2.0-liter non-turbo engine, confirmed for America". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Scion Introduces FR-S Sports Coupé Concept at 2011 New York Auto Show" (Press release). US: Toyota. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "FHI Introduces "SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE"" (Press release). Japan: Fuji Heavy Industries. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Ewing, Steven J. (16 November 2011). "Subaru BRZ Concept STi looks fast, furious". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Korzeniewski, Jeremy (16 March 2012). "Subaru BRZ and Toyota GT 86 production gets underway". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- [dead link]
- "New Subaru BRZ Sales Hit in Japan - First two-month sales figures approximately quadruple initial target" (Press release). Japan: Fuji Heavy Industries. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Bowman, Zach (20 June 2012). "Subaru BRZ, Scion FR-S lead list of fastest-selling cars". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Bowman, Zach (13 March 2012). "Preorder Now: Subaru only sending 6,000 BRZ Coupés to U.S. in 2013". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "2013 FR-S Specifications". Scion. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "2012 Subaru BRZ, 2013 MY US". Carfolio.com. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- "2013 Scion FR-S Brings the Sport Back to the Car" (Press release). Canada: Toyota. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Subaru BRZ". US: Subaru. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Ruhi, Joaquín (26 April 2012). "Were we (and Aisin) wrong about the BRZ / FR-S / GT 86 manual transmission? Or is Scion?". Kaizen Factor. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- Jacquot, Josh (October 2016). "2017 Subaru BRZ Manual". Car and Driver. US: Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- Sathiah, Sanjiv (8 July 2012). "Toyota reveals GT 86 aero kit". Left Lane. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- "Google+ Hangout with Lead Engineer Tada-San!". Toyota. Australia. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- "2012 Toyota 86 press kit" (Press release). Australia: Toyota. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Toyota GT 86 Driven". Top Gear. UK. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Toyota UK. "GT86 Specification in Detail". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Gall, Jared (1 December 2011). "2013 Subaru BRZ - First Drive Review". Car and Driver. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Neil, Dan (23 March 2012). "Subaru BRZ: It's Thinker Than You Fast It Is". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "A Grid Full of Win: Toyota NZ's Own Racecar". Speedhunters. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "GT 86 for £16K... | PistonHeads". www.pistonheads.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- Campbell, Matt (10 October 2012). "Engine problems for Toyota 86 and Subaru BRZ". Drive. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- "Changes for Toyota 86, but not for entry price" (Press release). Australia: Toyota. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Beissmann, Tim (24 July 2014). "Toyota 86 : Revised suspension, enhanced interior for updated sports car". CarAdvice. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "What's different about the Toyota GT86 Aero and Giallo models?". Toyota GB Blog. Toyota GB. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "La Toyota GT86 diventa Limited Edition". Toyota GB Blog. Quattroruote. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Toyota GT86, una Limited Edition per l'Italia". AlVolante.it. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Toyota 86 14R-60 limited edition makes full use of TRD's parts catalogue". CarAdvice. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Toyota 86 Style Cb - Restyled sports car has a softer face, is Japan-only". CarAdvice. 13 February 2015.
- "What is the Toyota 86 Pro–Am?" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "The 86 - Pro-Am". Australia: Toyota. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Stevens, Mike (2 November 2015). "Toyota 86 Racing Series to offer $125,000 prize pool in Australia". CarAdvice. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- Stevens, Mark (23 November 2015). "Toyota 86 Blackline on sale in Australia$37,990 TRD special celebrates 86 Racing Series". CarAdvice. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Launching The All-New Toyota 86 (Hachiroku)". StephenLangitan.com (in Indonesian). 1 June 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Arif, Hariawan (26 October 2016). "Toyota 86 Facelift Hadir di Indonesia, Ini Wujudnya". OTO Driver (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Toyota 86" (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Toyota-Astra Motor. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Toyota FT-86: Sports car perfection". Jamaica Observer. 16 August 2013. Archived from the original on 14 December 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Toyota FT-86". Centro Toyota Auto Nica. Archived from the original on 3 September 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "富士重工業 新型スポーツ車の名称を「SUBARU BRZ」に決定～ フランクフルトモーターショーにて 技術コンセプトを展示 ～" [The exhibition of a technology concept at the Frankfurt Motor Show is the "SUBARU BRZ" the name of Fuji Heavy Industries' new sports car] (in Japanese). Fuji Heavy Industries. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "Subaru Names All-New Sports Car "SUBARU BRZ"" (PDF) (Press release). Japan: Subaru. 23 August 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Harley, Michael (12 December 2011). "2013 Scion FR-S". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Subaru BRZ tS – An Answer to a Question that Nobody Asked". Automoblog.net. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "STi Releases "SUBARU BRZ tS" in Japan" (PDF) (Press release). Japan: Fuji Heavy Industries. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Bober, Isaac (30 June 2015). "2015 Subaru BRZ tS by STI revealed". Practical Motoring. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Beissmann, Tim (23 April 2014). "2015 Subaru BRZ gets suspension revisions, subtle tweaks". Car Advice. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- Costello, Mike (10 September 2014). "Subaru BRZ Special Edition revealed". Car Advice. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- Stevens, Mike (1 October 2015). "Subaru WRX, WRX STI and BRZ Hyper Blue specials on sale in Australia". Car Advice. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- "Subaru of America debuts limited editions models to commemorate 50th anniversary" (Press release). US: Subaru. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- Ross, Jeffrey N. (1 April 2013). "Scion celebrates first 10 years with special edition models". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "The Subaru BRZ and Scion FR-S Platform Introduction". Revvolution.com. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Paukert, Chris (14 January 2014). "2014 Scion FR-S and tC Monogram Series are some spruced coupés". AutoBlog. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- Siler, Steve (22 April 2014). "Scion Unveils FR-S Release Series 1.0 – News". Car and Driver. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- Undercoffler, David (15 March 2016). "Toyota to scrap Scion brand, keep the cars". Autonews. US. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- Ramsey, Jonathon (25 April 2012). "Subaru spills all the beans on BRZ development with new documentary". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Maloney, Val (30 August 2012). "Spotted! Subaru heats up Queen St". Media in Canada. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Bowman, Zach (8 July 2012). "Canada gets hotter Subaru BRZ commercials than we do". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Subaru BRZ Sizzles - "Scorched" - (2012)". adland.tv. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "New Subaru BRZ Sizzles". DDB Canada. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Zalstein, David (6 January 2014). "Subaru BRZ on sale in showrooms for first time, free servicing scrapped". caradvice.com.au. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Ramsey, Jonathon (10 January 2012). "How to be one of the first 86 owners of the Scion FR-S". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Lavrinc, Damon (8 February 2012). "Watch Ken Gushi narrowly avoid a deer in a Scion FR-S". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Miersma, Seyth (14 November 2012). "Toyota GT86 ad banned in UK for encouraging "dangerous driving"". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- McManus, Will (6 December 2012). "Toyota GT86 is Top Gear's Car of the Year". Toyota UK. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Prior, Matt (2 November 2012). "Britain's best driver's car: The winner". Autocar. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- McManus, Will (1 November 2012). "GT86 wins Auto Express performance car award". Toyota UK. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Subaru BRZ and Toyota 86 win Wheels COTY". Motoring.com.au. 7 December 2012.
- Pottinger, Paul (14 December 2012). "Subaru BRZ and Toyota 86 named Carsguide's Car of the Year". News.com.au. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Toyota 86 wins Drive Car Of The Year Award". Toyota Australia. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "News 2013" (Press release). Subaru Global. 4 January 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Thomson, David (15 December 2012). "Toyota 86 crowned NZ Car of the Year". Drivesouth. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Best Affordable Sports Cars Rankings". U.S. News Best Cars. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "December 2011 News Archives". Subaru US. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "2013 10Best: Scion FR-S / Subaru BRZ". Car and Driver. 1 December 2012.
- "Subaru BRZ engine earns Ward's "10 best engines" recognition" (Press release). US: Subaru. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Damon Lavrinc. "Subaru BRZ GT300 set to take on SuperGT". Autoblog.
- Collins, Sam (26 August 2016). "GT300 Mother Chassis". Racecar Engineering. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "Toyota to field GT 86 pair at the Nürburgring 24 - could WRC be far behind? [w/video]". Autoblog.com. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "Victories for Toyota 86, GT86 and Lexus LFA at 24 hours Nurburgring". www.tune86.com. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- Zach Bowman. "Toyota GT86 GT4 racer is ready for UK competition". Autoblog.
- "Gushi in Final Four at Formula Drift Round 5". Subie Sport TV. subiesport.tv. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Scion Racing Drift GReddy Racing". www.scion.com. 14 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Formula Drift website". 29 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- John Neff. "Toyota Pro/Celebrity race switching from Scion tC to FR-S [w/video]". Autoblog.
- Vijayenthiran, Vaknesh (26 April 2013). "Meet Monster Tajima's Toyota GT 86 Pikes Peak Racer: Video". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "Rd.7 ツインリンクもてぎ - GAZOO Racing 86/BRZ Race - GAZOO Racing". GAZOO Racing. Archived from the original on 6 April 2013.
- Barari, Arman (ed.). "Subaru BRZ RA Racing Announced". Motorward. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- Jeffrey N. Ross. "Subaru readies BRZ RA Racing for Japanese trackdays". Autoblog.
- "About T86RS, www.toyota.com.au, as archived at web.archive.org". Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Toyota 86 Racing Series to offer $125,000 prize pool in Australia, www.caradvice.com.au, as archived at web.archive.org". Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- "New SCCA Solo Spec Coupe Class Unveiled". Sports Car Club of America. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "Specifications Announced for New SCCA Solo Spec Coupe Class". Sports Car Club of America. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "Solo Spec Coupe (SSC) - Sports Car Club of America". www.scca.com. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "86CUP: 86 / BRZ Time Attack Series". US. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "86DRIVE Challenge". US. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Zach Bowman. "Scion shows off trio of SEMA-bound FR-S coupés [w/video]". Autoblog.
- "Scion FR-S Tuner Challenge declares a winner". AutoBlog. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Tokyo 2013: Toyota 86 x Style Cb – Only for Women". GT Spirit. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "2013 Toyota GT86 Modellista by Gazoo Racing". GT Spirit. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Siu, Jason (10 January 2013). "TOM'S N086V is a V6-Powered 400-HP Toyota GT86: 2013 Tokyo Auto Salon". AutoGuide. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Siu, Jason (10 January 2013). "Toyota 86 TRD Griffon Concept Sheds 500 Pounds to go Ferrari Fast: 2013 Tokyo Auto Salon". AutoGuide. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- Brandon Turkus. "Toyota brings TRD Griffon GT86 to Goodwood [w/video]". Autoblog.
- "Toyota FT-86 Open first pictures and video" (Press release). UK: Toyota. 5 March 2013.
- "TMC to Display 'FT-86 Open concept' at Geneva Motor Show" (Press release). Japan: Toyota. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "Tokyo 2013: Toyota FT-86 Open Concept". GT Spirit. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "The 43rd Tokyo Motor Show 2013 - FT-86 Open concept" (Press release). Toyota. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Greimel, Hans (30 November 2013). "Subaru boss spurns convertible BRZ, FR-S". Automotive News. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "The 43rd TOKYO MOTOR SHOW 2013". Subaru. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- Cole, Craig (20 November 2013). "Subaru Cross Sport Design Concept is a BRZ Station Wagon". Automotive Guide. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- 高橋 学 (20 November 2013). "1.6リッター、2.0リッター直噴ターボ搭載のスポーツツアラー「LEVORG（レヴォーグ）」を世界初公開したスバル |「VIZIV EVOLUTION CONCEPT」「CROSS SPORT DESIGN CONCEPT」も展示" [1.6 liter, 2.0 liter direct injection turbo-equipped sports tourer Subaru 'LEVORG' has world premiere | "VIZIV Evolution concept" "CROSS SPORT design concept" also exhibited]. Car Watch. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "GRMN twin charged Toyota 86 with 320hp". Tune86.com.
- "ニュルブルクリンクでGRMNのコンセプトカーを展示 - ニュース". toyota.co.jp.
- Noah Joseph. "Toyota reveals brace of customized concepts at Tokyo Auto Salon". Autoblog.
- 姅幃夛幮僀儞僾儗僗. "亂搶嫗僆乕僩僒儘儞2014亃僩儓僞丄僯儏儖僽儖僋儕儞僋24帪娫偵5.3儕僢僞乕偺乽LFA CodeX乿側偳偱堷偒懕偒嶲愴 - Car Watch". Car Watch.
- "丰田GRMN 86概念车正式亮相 操控性大幅提升". nanrenwo.net.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "GAZOO Racing LUCK 86 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION. "New Toyota 'GRMN', 'G's' Concepts Debut at Tokyo Auto Salon 2014". toyota.co.jp.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "86×style Cb - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "86×style Cb spider - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "2014 Tokyo Auto Salon: Show Car Library - Toyota 86 x Style Cb Spider". beforward.jp. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "GAZOO Racing TRD 86 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "GAZOO Racing SPIRIT 86 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "８６ Supercharger produced by Team Netz with TOM'S - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "86 TRD Griffon Concept 014 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "86 TRD Customize Concept 014 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "557号車 オートバックスG7 86 ポテンザ - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "61号車 マナチュラKOTA-R BRZ - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "100号車 N1 TECH ポテンザ WIN86 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- トヨタ自動車株式会社. "62号車 ネッツ群馬FKマッシモμ86 - 東京オートサロン2014 - GAZOO Racing". gazooracing.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Shawy (December 2014). "Targa-top 86 makes us drool with envy". Top Gear Australia: 29.
- "Scion FR-S T1: Toyota 86 targa heading to SEMA". CarAdvice.com.au.
- Miersma, Seyth (1 April 2015). "Subaru STI Performance Concept previews a bright BRZ future". Autoblog. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- "Subaru of America, Inc. unveils STI performance concept at 2015 New York International Auto Show" (Press release). US: Subaru. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Mair, Haitham (9 May 2016). "Toyota GT-86 shooting brake concept". Motory. Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Toyota reveals GT86 shooting brake concept" (Press release). UK: Toyota. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Toyota creates manga-inspired GT86 Initial D concept" (Press release). UK: Toyota. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
- Krok, Andrew (29 June 2016). "Toyota's manga-inspired concept adds new GT86 to old world of Initial D". CNET. US. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
- "Scion Brand to Transition to Toyota" (Press release). US: Toyota. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "December 2016 and Year-End Sales Chart" (Press release). US: Toyota. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "Scion FR-S / Toyota 86 US car sales figures". Car Sales Base. The Netherlands. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "December 2018 Sales Chart" (Press release). US: Toyota. 3 January 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "December 2014 Sales Chart" (Press release). US: Subaru. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "December 2016 Sales Chart" (Press release). US: Subaru. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "December 2017 Sales Chart" (Press release). US: Subaru. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota GT86.|